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Name: Edmilson Valter Macamo
Adverbs
Definition: Adverbs are words that can describe verbs. In order to understand what Adverbs are, we need first to have a basic understanding of verbs. Verbs are a part of speech, just like Adverbs.
We can define a verb as an arrangement of the word(s) or syntax conveying any noun’s action, occurrence, or state. Some examples of verbs are- read, become, walk, exist, run, bake, etc. Now, we can understand the meaning of Adverbs in relation to verbs in English grammar.
In simple words, an adverb is a word that describes verbs. Adverbs are also used to add or modify the meaning of an adjective, a verb, a preposition, a sentence, a clause. We can add more information to the words, using different kinds of Adverbs. Hence, Adverbs are a part of speech and express the manner, time, place, frequency, degree, and much more about a verb. They also act as a verb phrase which includes a verb and its dependents.
For example, 'a man is moving.’
The sentence doesn't give us any information other than that there is a man who is moving, but if we add an adverb here and write:
'A man is moving briskly.’ it shows that there is a man who is moving fast because maybe he is getting late for work or he has to go early.
 
More Examples of Adverbs used in Sentences
1. “Rita is lying quietly in the snow.”, where ‘quietly’ is the adverb that describes the quality of the verb ‘lying in the snow’, making ‘quietly’ the adverb describing the manner of lying in the snow.
2. “I walked to the school early.”, where ‘early’ is the adverb that describes the quality of the verb ‘walked to the school’, making ‘early’ the adverb describing the time of walking to school.
3. “Do you go to the market often?”, where ‘often’ is the adverb that describes the quality of the verb ‘go to the market’, making ‘often’ the adverb describing the frequency of going to the market.
Different Types of Adverbs with Examples
Now, there are three kinds of Adverbs, and they are as follows.
· Simple Adverbs
· Interrogative Adverbs
· Relative Adverbs 
Simple Adverbs
Simple Adverbs contain only one word and they are the most used Adverbs. Simple Adverbs are further divided into many parts, and here are six types of Adverbs under Simple Adverbs.
Examples of Simple Adverbs:
1. I am visiting my grandmother this weekend.
2. The flowers on her balcony are extremely beautiful.
3. My little sister almost got lost at the carnival.
4. Riya likes to visit the museum because she is an art fanatic.
Adverb of Time
Whenever you want to add information of 'when' to a verb, the adverb of time will be your answer. So, we can say that an adverb of time shows the time or moment of doing a task. 
For example, 
'I will go there tomorrow.'
So, if you ask me when I go? I will answer it by saying 'tomorrow'
So, here, tomorrow is the adverb of time that provides information regarding the time of the happening of an event.
Adverbs of Place
Whenever you want to add information of 'where' to a verb, the adverb of place will be your answer. So, we can say that an adverb of the place shows the place where the task is being done or has to be done. For example,
'You may sit there.'
So, if you ask where you may sit? The answer will be 'there'. So, here, 'there' is the adverb of time that shows the place of the happening of an event.
Adverbs of Frequency
Whenever you want to add information regarding 'how often' to a verb, the adverb of frequency will be your answer. So, we can say that an adverb of the frequency shows the frequency with which the task has to be done. For example,
'I go for a walk daily.'
So, if you ask how often do I go for a walk? The answer will be 'daily'. So, here, 'daily' is the adverb of frequency that shows how often an event takes place.
Adverbs of Manner
Whenever you want to add information regarding 'how' or 'in what way', the adverb of manner will be used, so, we can say that an adverb of manner shows the form with which the task has to be done. For example,
'I speak beautifully.'
So, if you ask how do I speak? I will answer it by saying 'beautifully'. So, here, 'beautifully' is the adverb manner that shows how or in what way an event takes place.
Adverbs of Degree
Whenever you want to answer something starting from 'how much' or 'to what degree or extent', the adverb of degree will be your answer. So, we can say that an adverb of degree shows the degree or extent to which the task has been done. For instance:
'He is extremely talented.'
So, if you question me, how often is he talented? I will answer it by saying 'extremely'. So, here, 'extremely' is the adverb of degree that shows with what degree an event takes place.
Adverb of Reason
Whenever you want to answer something, starting from 'why', the adverb of reason will be your answer. So, we can say that an adverb of reason shows the reason behind doing a particular task. For instance:
'I go there because I love that place.'
So, if you question me, why do I go there? I will answer it by saying 'because I love the place'. So, here, 'because' is the adverb of the reason that shows why an event happens.
Interrogative Adverbs
Whenever you ask a question and the question word is used as an adverb, you are using interrogation Adverbs. They possess a unique feature, and that is, they are placed at the beginning of a sentence.
For instance:
'Why do you talk to him?'
Here, ‘why’ is a question word used as an adverb. So, ‘why’ is an interrogation adverb.
Examples of interrogative Adverbs:
1. Why are you painting the canvas?
2. How is your brother feeling?
3. Where did Mala keep all the books from the teacher?
4. Is Joey coming with us? 
5. What are your friends wearing to the party?
Relative Adverbs
Whenever an adverb is used to relate or connect or join any two sentences, we use relative Adverbs. These Adverbs are just three- where, when, and why. For instance:
'I met him when no one was around.'
Here, ‘when’ is the adverb that connects the two sentences that have I met him and No one was around. So, here, ‘when’ is the relative adverb.
Examples of relative Adverbs:
1. I was already walking home when it started to rain.
2. Luke has been missing classes because he is sick with the flu.
3. Maria called my phone while I was driving the car.
4. You can go to the music festival only if Jean is going with you.
5. In case your subscription ends today, recharge it by using your credit card.
So, eight types of Adverbs are mentioned here, which can be used anywhere to make the text more informative. 
Presposition
Definition: Sentences will not make any sense if prepositions are not present. Basically they indicate the relationship between the noun and the other words in the sentence. They show the relationships of sequence, space, and logic between the object and the rest of the sentence. They help us understand the order, time, connections and position.
We use a preposition to relate a noun or a pronoun to some other word in the sentence. 
For example, in the sentence, “The players on the field are tired.”
The preposition “on” shows the relationship between ‘players’ and ‘field’.
Prepositions show how other words in a sentence are related. Many prepositions indicate the location of something or the time it occurred. Because most prepositions have many definitions, their meaning varies greatly depending on the context. It is not a grammatical error to end a sentence with a preposition. Prepositions describe the location or timing of something in relation to something else. It's useful to have these specific words to tell us where monsters are while they're approaching. Are they in front of us or behind us? Will they show there in three seconds or at 12 a.m.?
Prepositions are frequently used to indicate the location of one noun in relation to another (e.g., The coffee is on the table beside you). However, they can also be used to convey more abstract concepts like purpose or contrast (e.g., We went for a walk despite the rain)
Some examples of Prepositions-
At, by, for, from, in, of, on, to, and

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