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. . . . . . . . para ganhar tempo . . 
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Lembre-se de manter um 
ritmo rápido de leitura . . . . . . . . 
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. . . . . 800 p.p.m. . . . . . . . . . . . 
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Não tenha medo de deixar 
de ler a metade ou mais de 
cada parágrafo . . . . . . . . . . . . . 
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Não se interesse e comece 
a ler tudo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 
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skimming é uma tarefa . . . . . .. 
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Espera-se uma 
compreensão básica . . . . . . . . 
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50% . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 
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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . nunca 
básica demais . . . . . . . . . . . . . 
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A prática de skimming 
facilita . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 
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. . ganhar confiança . . . . . . . . . 
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Talvez você não consiga 
entender nada de alguns 
parágrafos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 
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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . não 
se preocupe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 
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Skimming tem usos 
diversos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . 
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 
relatórios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . 
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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 
. . . . artigos de jornal . . . .. . . . . 
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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 
. textos suplementares . . . . . . . 
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Os parágrafos finais devem 
ser lidos em sua totalidade uma 
vez que eles geralmente 
contêm um resumo. 
Lembre-se que a 
importância de skimming é 
conseguir entender as 
principais idéias do autor de 
uma maneira rápida. 
 
 
(adaptado de Skimming and Scanning) 
 21 
Scanning 
Diferentemente de skimming, scanning refere-se à busca de informações precisas 
sobre um ponto específico. Por exemplo, se você quer ver o resultado do jogo 
Atlético x São Paulo no jornal da segunda-feira, não precisa ler todo o artigo sobre o 
jogo, mas somente a caixinha onde se encontra as informações básicas do jogo. O 
leitor faz uso de scanning portanto, quando sabe qual informação procura e 
simplesmente passa os olhos pelo texto procurando por esta informação e pronto. 
No caso do jogo, ele não vai descobrir se foi um bom jogo, como foi a atuação do 
juiz, quem foi expulso ou quem marcou os gols. Tudo o que o leitor conseguiu retirar 
do texto foi Atlético 5 x 0 São Paulo. 
Exercício - Scanning 
A Busy Student 
 
Tomiko is happy to be a student in New York. She is studying English at 
Columbia University. She plans to finish her English course in June. Then she will 
work on her master’s degree at New York University. 
Tomiko likes the many beautiful buildings in New York. x x x x x x x x x x x x x x 
x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x 
Tomiko also likes the people in New York City. x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x 
x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x 
x x x x x x x x x x 
Best of all, Tomiko loves the theaters in New York. x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x 
x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x 
x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x 
Tomiko is far from her home in Japan, but she is not sad. x x x x x x x x x x x x x 
x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x 
x x x x x She is very busy and happy in New York. 
 
Escolha a melhor resposta para as qüestões abaixo. NÃO LEIA O TEXTO NOVAMENTE. 
 
1. This passage is about 
a. an American student in New York. 
b. a Japanese student in New York. 
c. a Japanese boy studying in New 
York. 
d. a Japanese student in Japan. 
2. Tomiko is 
a. unhappy. 
b. happy. 
c. lonely. 
d. not busy. 
3. She goes to plays in 
a. large theaters. 
b. small theaters. 
c. New York. 
d. all of the above. 
4. Tomiko has 
a. few interests. 
b. few friends. 
c. many interests. 
d. nothing to do. 
Agora leia todo o texto e verifique quantas questões você acertou. 
 22 
A Busy Student 
 
Tomiko is happy to be a student in New York. She is studying English at 
Columbia University. She plans to finish her English course in June. Then she will 
work on her master’s degree at New York University. 
Tomiko likes the many beautiful buildings in New York. In fact, she plans to 
become an architect. Then she can build great buildings, too. 
Tomiko also likes the people in New York City. There are many different kinds 
of people. They speak many languages. Tomiko has made new friends from other 
countries. 
Best of all, Tomiko loves the theaters in New York. She goes to plays almost 
every week. Sometimes the plays are in theaters on Broadway. Sometimes the plays 
are in small theaters in other parts of the city. 
Tomiko is far from her home in Japan, but she is not sad. She goes to classes 
every day. She visits her friends. She goes to see new places, and she attends many 
plays. She is very busy and happy in New York. 
 
 
 
 23 
Gramática 
Gramática Básica 
Conjugação de Verbos: 
 Pessoa Presente Simples Passado Simples Futuro Simples 
I 
You like 
He 
She Si
ng
ul
ar
 
It 
likes 
We 
You Plural 
They 
like 
liked will like 
Verbo to be 
I am was 
You are were 
He 
She 
It is was 
We 
You 
They are were 
will be 
Estrutura da Frase