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NÔMINA ANATÔMICA VETERINÁRIA - FIFTH EDITION - 2012

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ischiadicum
125
 
Lnn. ischiadici (abs. ca) 
Ln. gluteus [glutaeus] (su, bo, ov) 
Ln. tuberalis (Ru) 
 
Lymphocentrum popliteum 
Lnn. poplitei 
 Lnn. poplitei profundi (Un) 
 Lnn. poplitei superficiales (or, Car, su) 
 
 
LIEN 
 
Facies parietalis [diaphragmatica] 
Facies visceralis 
 Facies renalis 
 Facies gastrica 
 Facies intestinalis 
Extremitas dorsalis 
Extremitas ventralis 
Margo cranialis 
Margo caudalis 
Hilus lienis 
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Tunica serosa 
Capsula 
Trabeculae lienis 
Pulpa lienis rubra 
Pulpa lienis alba 
Rami lienales [arteriae lienalis] 
Lymphonoduli [Noduli lymphatici] lienales 
(Lien accessorius) 
 
 
THYMUS 
 
Lobus cervicalis [dexter et sinister] 
Lobus intermedius 
Lobus thoracicus [dexter et sinister] 
Lobuli thymi 
 Cortex 
 Medulla 
(Noduli thymici accessorii) 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Notes to Angiologia 
 
1 Angiologia. In accordance with the N.A., Rami musculares, Rami glandulares, Aa. nutriciae, 
and Rami cutanei have been omitted, except in those cases where the vessel might not have 
been expected to give off such branches, or where it is of special importance. 
 
2 Lymphonodus hemalis. This is the hemal node of English literature. It occurs in Ruminantia 
and has a spleen-like organization containing lymphatic tissue, in the sinuses of which 
erythrocytes normally occur. The so-called hemolymph node is a lymph node that has 
erythrocytes in its sinuses as a result of hemorrhage in its tributary field. 
 
3 Cor, Facies auricularis, Facies atrialis. In this nomenclature of the heart, the terms dexter 
and sinister refer to the cavities of the heart and not to the sides of the body. Facies auricularis 
designates the former left side of the heart of the domestic mammals, the side that is marked 
by the tips of the auricles and corresponds more or less to the Facies sternocostalis of the N.A. 
Facies atrialis is the opposite side. 
 
4 Sulcus interventricularis paraconalis, subsinuosus. The first term designates the former 
Sulcus longitudinalis sinister of veterinary textbooks. Sulcus interventricularis subsinuosus 
designates the former Sulcus longitudinalis dexter. 
 
5 Myocardium is the musculature of the heart. It includes the conducting system listed 
thereunder. 
 
5’ Ostium sinus coronarii is the opening of the Sinus coronarius containing the small Valvula 
sinus coronarii. 
 
6 Valva. This N.A. term designates the entire closure of the Ostium concerned. The term 
Valvula is used only for the parts of the Valva aortae and Valva trunci pulmonalis. 
 
7 Cuspis angularis, parietalis. Cuspis angularis corresponds to Cuspis anterior, N.A.; Cuspis 
parietalis to Cuspis posterior, N.A. 
 
8 Valvula semilunaris intermedia corresponds to Valvula semilunaris anterior, N.A. 
 
9 Mm. papillares. M. papillaris magnus corresponds to M. papillaris anterior, N.A.; Mm. 
papillares parvi to M. papillaris posterior, N.A.; and M. papillaris subarteriosus to Mm. 
papillares septales, N.A. 
 
10 Cuspis septalis, Cuspis parietalis. The first term corresponds to Cuspis anterior, N.A.; Cuspis 
parietalis to Cuspis posterior, N.A. 
 
11 Valvula semilunaris septalis. In this term, which corresponds to Valvula semilunaris 
posterior, N.A., “septalis” refers to Septum interatriale. 
 
12 Mm. papillares. M. papillaris subauricularis corresponds to M. papillaris anterior, N.A.; M. 
papillaris subatrialis to M. papillaris posterior, N.A. 
 
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13 Ramus ascendens, descendens. These branches supply the cranial and caudal parts of divided 
lobes, i.e. the Lobus cranialis of the right lung of Ruminantia and of the left lung of all 
domestic mammals except the horse. 
 
14 Ramus interventricularis subsinuosus, paraconalis. These terms correspond to the 
nomenclature of the heart, see note 4. Ramus interventricularis subsinuosus is a branch of A. 
coronaria dextra in the pig and horse, and of Ramus circumflexus of A. coronaria sinistra in 
the dog and Ruminantia. In the cat it may come from either source. 
 
15 Truncus brachiocephalicus. This term replaces the former terms: Truncus brachiocephalicus 
communis of Ruminantia and the horse, A. brachiocephalica of all domestic mammals, and A. 
anonyma of Carnivora. It extends from the Arcus aortae to the bifurcation into A. subclavia 
dextra and Truncus bicaroticus or A. carotis communis dextra. 
 
16 Ramus laryngeus caudalis. This branch runs parallel to N. laryngeus caudalis. 
 
17 A. thyroidea [thyreoidea] caudalis. The A. thyroidea caudalis is present in the sheep, but is 
inconstant in the ox and goat. 
 
18 A. occipitalis, A. vertebralis. In Carnivora A. vertebralis passes through the For. 
transversarium atlantis, gives off a Ramus anastomoticus to A. occipitalis, turns dorsally 
through the Incisura alaris, and enters the vertebral canal through the For. vertebrale laterale. 
The former term A. cerebrospinalis is therefore unnecessary. Right and left vertebral arteries 
join to form A. basilaris. 
 
19 Rami perihyoidei correspond to Ramus suprahyoideus and Ramus infrahyoideus of the N.A. 
 
20 Rami retis. These vessels connect the Rete mirabile a. maxillaris, which is extracranial, with 
the Circulus arteriosus cerebri; they pass through the Fissura orbitalis. 
 
21 Truncus linguofacialis. This term designates the former A. maxillaris externa from its origin 
to A. lingualis. In the sheep and goat, there is no Truncus linguofacialis because A. facialis is 
absent, and A. lingualis originates from A. carotis externa. 
 
22 Ramus massetericus. In accordance with the principle of homology-homonymy, a vessel can 
only be designated Arteria masseterica if it passes through the Incisura mandibulae. Other 
vessels to the M. masseter are termed Ramus massetericus. 
 
23 A. occipitalis, A. vertebralis. For comparative reasons, A. vertebralis in the horse is 
considered to continue through the Fossa atlantis, anastomosing with the A. occipitalis. It then 
turns dorsally through the For. alare and enters the vertebral canal through the For. vertebrale 
laterale. The former term A. cerebrospinalis is therefore unnecessary. Right and left vertebral 
arteries join to form A. basilaris. 
 
24 A. occipitalis, A. vertebralis. For comparative reasons, A. vertebralis in the pig is considered 
to continue through the Fossa atlantis, anastomosing with A. occipitalis. It then passes 
through the For. alare and For. vertebrale laterale into the Canalis vertebralis, where it joins 
the Rete mirabile epidurale caudale and continues to form A. basilaris by junction with A. 
vertebralis of the other side. The former term A. cerebrospinalis is therefore unnecessary. A. 
vertebralis arises as the third branch of A. subclavia on the left side. 
 
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25 Rete mirabile epidurale caudale, rostrale. In the pig the caudal rete is formed by A. 
condylaris, A.vertebralis, and the Ramus spinalis that enters between the Atlas and Axis. It 
has no direct connection with the rostral rete, which is formed in this