Introduçao aoTai Chi
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Introduçao aoTai Chi


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www.ki-ways.com Wake House, Bourne, Lincolnshire Tel 07413 620344 
 PE10 9AE 
 
 
 
www.Ki-ways.co.uk Office: 07413 620344 E-mail: ray.pawlett@o2.co.uk 
www.facebook.com/kiways 
 
An 
Introduction to 
Tai Chi Chuan 
 
By Ray Pawlett 
 
www.ki-ways.com Wake House, Bourne, Lincolnshire Tel 07413 620344 
 PE10 9AE 
 
Contents 
 
1. Introduction and Training Tips 
2. The Ten Essences 
a. Background 
b. Understanding the ten essences 
c. Essence number 1 - Lift the head to raise the spirit 
3. Thoughts about the history of Tai Chi 
4. Tai chi Warm-up Exercises 
5. The Tai chi form 
a. Tai Chi footprints 
b. Wu chi 
c. Left Ward Off 
d. Grasping the Sparrows Tail 
i. Ward Off 
ii. Roll Back 
iii. Squeeze 
iv. Push 
e. Single Whip 
f. Closing Form 
 
 
 
 
www.ki-ways.com Wake House, Bourne, Lincolnshire Tel 07413 620344 
 PE10 9AE 
 
Tai Chi Introduction 
and Training Tips 
 
 
 
 
www.ki-ways.com Wake House, Bourne, Lincolnshire Tel 07413 620344 
 PE10 9AE 
 
Introduction and Training Tips 
 
The aim of this information pack is to supplement your training sessions by giving you something to 
remind you what the basic movements look like. Tai Chi beginners invariably struggle with 
remembering the sequences of movements in both the warm-up exercises and the form itself. 
The photos and descriptions are intended to help you jump that first hurdle. There is a lot of added 
detail that could be included such as applications, stances, Yin and Yang concepts etc.. This detail 
has been avoided in this information pack to keep things more simple. In the early days, that is what 
you need to do \u2013 keep it simple! 
Possibly the most important aspect of Tai Chi is a good understanding of body alignment and 
position. Without understanding these factors, it is impossible to progress with your Tai Chi 
development. If you can understand the Ten Essences described later then you will be well along 
the way to improving your posture. 
The traditional method for teaching body alignment was to make the student practice for many 
hours so that the student\u2019s muscles eventually relaxed and something like the correct body posit ion 
was achieved. 
Whilst there is no substitute for time spent practicing Tai Chi, most modern people just do not have 
the time to dedicate to this sort of practice. There is however a quicker route towards achieving the 
correct body positions required for Tai Chi. To learn more quickly, you need to take responsibility 
for your own improvement \u2013 you cannot leave everything to your coach to correct. This means that 
you need to spend time thinking about your body position and how you are training. Read books, 
question your teacher and other students, and watch other styles and sports. 
The more that you put into your understanding, the more accurate that your training becomes. In 
modern times it is easy to get information \u2013 we just need to integrate the information into our 
training when we have found it. 
For instance, look at a first class archer. You will see much kinship with Tai Chi such as relaxed 
shoulders, straight back, deliberate weight distribution and coordinated movement throughout the 
whole body. Why is the archer doing this? What are you seeing him or her do that correlates with 
your understanding of Tai Chi? Dig deep, the answers are all there! 
You will find that some sports and pastimes do not follow the rules of Tai Chi. Why is that? For 
instance, in some style of horse riding, it is a requirement that the shoulders are pushed back 
slightly. This is counter intuitive to a Tai Chi player because in Tai Chi, the chest should be rounded \u2013 
not the back. The reason for this is to do with how the body is used in the saddle. Not everything 
follows the rules of Tai Chi, but a lot of things do. 
This sort of research helps you to integrate what you see outside the world of Tai Chi into your Tai 
Chi and vice versa. Sufficient exploration will result in you being able to feel within a micro second if 
your body alignment is wrong \u2013 whether you are doing Tai Chi or just taking the dog for a walk! 
 
www.ki-ways.com Wake House, Bourne, Lincolnshire Tel 07413 620344 
 PE10 9AE 
 
The Ten Essences 
Background 
If you have ever looked at other Tai Chi books or Tai chi web sites, you will have come across many 
different formulae to help the keen student understand their Tai Chi better. Examples are \u201cThe 
thirteen postures\u201d, \u201cThe eighteen loci\u201d, \u201cThe song of the eight ways\u201d and so on. Usually there is a 
number in the title to remind the student how many points there are to remember. 
I had studied Tai Chi for a number of years before I met my current teacher, Christopher Pei. I was 
aware of these formulae and had actually got around to reading some of them. Just reading 
something is different to understanding it though and none of these formulae made very much 
impact on my Tai Chi. At least that is until I learned the \u201cTen Essences\u201d from Christopher Pei. 
Coach Pei has studied Tai Chi for many years with some of the top masters from many different 
styles of Tai Chi along with other martial arts and acrobatic styles. He also has the advantage of 
being able to talk to the Tai Chi masters with whom he has studied in their own language, so that the 
nuances of the teachings are not lost in translation. 
This experience brought him to the conclusion that the Ten Essences, originally devised by Yang 
Cheng Fu, contain much of what the Tai Chi practitioner needs to understand if they are studied in 
depth. Coach Pei did however rearrange the sequence slightly so that they flow through the body 
and actually give ten levels of understanding for your Tai Chi. 
Since those early days of being introduced to the Ten Essences, I have also done research around the 
subject and have found no better methodology than the Ten Essences to way mark progress and 
assist in the understanding of the form. 
I have also found that if you can understand the Ten Essences, other systems like those quoted 
earlier and many more besides will actually be saying the same thing in a slightly different way. 
 
 
 
 
www.ki-ways.com Wake House, Bourne, Lincolnshire Tel 07413 620344 
 PE10 9AE 
 
Understanding the Ten Essences 
If you are serious about improving your Tai Chi, you need to understand the Ten Essences 
thoroughly. This will become the toolkit that helps you to evaluate your own Tai Chi or if you are a 
Tai Chi coach, the Tai Chi performances of your students. 
The first thing that you will need to do is to be able to recite the Ten Essences in their sequence. 
Without being able to remember the Essences in sequence, you will struggle to work with them 
quickly and efficiently. 
 
1. Lift the head \u2013 raise the spirit 
2. Sink the shoulders \u2013 lower the elbows 
3. Loosen the chest \u2013 round the back 
4. Loosen the waist 
5. Separate the substantial and the insubstantial 
6. Coordinate the upper and lower body 
7. Continuity in movement 
8. Unite the internal intent of the mind and the external frame of the body 
9. Use mind and not force 
10. Seek stillness in motion and motion within stillness.