NASM essentials of sports performance training
578 pág.

NASM essentials of sports performance training


DisciplinaEducação Física60.622 materiais326.085 seguidores
Pré-visualização50 páginas
pressure. Supports the abdominal viscera.
INTEGRATED FUNCTION
Isometric Action
\u2022 Synergistically with the internal oblique, multifidus and deep erector
spinae to stabilize the lumbo-pelvic-hip complex
INNERVATION
\u2022 Intercostal nerves (T7-T12), iliohypogastric (L1), ilioinguinal (L1)
DIAPHRAGM
ORIGIN
\u2022 Costal part: inner surfaces of the cartilages and adjacent bony regions of
ribs 6-12. Sternal part: posterior side of the xiphoid process. Crural
(lumbar) part: (1) two aponeurotic arches covering the external surfaces
of the quadratus lumborum and psoas major; (2) right and left crus,
originating from the bodies of L1-L3 and their intervertebral discs
INSERTION
\u2022 Central tendon
ISOLATED FUNCTION
Concentric Action
\u2022 Pulls the central tendon inferiorly, increasing the volume in the
thoracic cavity
INTEGRATED FUNCTION
Isometric Action
\u2022 Stabilization of the lumbo-pelvic-hip complex
INNERVATION
\u2022 Phrenic nerve (C3-C5)
SUPERFICIAL ERECTOR SPINAE
ORIGIN
\u2022 Common origin: iliac crest of the pelvis, sacrum, spinous and
transverse processes of T1-L5
ILIOCOSTALIS: LUMBORUM DIVISION
ORIGIN
\u2022 Common origin
INSERTION
\u2022 Inferior border of ribs 7-12
ISOLATED FUNCTION
Concentric Action
\u2022 Spinal extension, rotation and lateral flexion
INTEGRATED FUNCTION
Eccentric Action
\u2022 Spinal flexion, rotation and lateral flexion
Isometric Action
\u2022 Stabilizes the spine during functional movements
INNERVATION
\u2022 Dorsal rami of thoracic and lumbar nerves
Back Musculature
LWBK329-4205G-c02_p015-064.qxd 27/05/2009 08:53 AM Page 43 Aptara
ILIOCOSTALIS:THORACIS DIVISION
ORIGIN
\u2022 Common origin
INSERTION
\u2022 Superior border of ribs 1-6
ISOLATED FUNCTION
Concentric Action
\u2022 Spinal extension, rotation and lateral flexion
INTEGRATED FUNCTION
Eccentric Action
\u2022 Spinal flexion, rotation and lateral flexion
Isometric Action
\u2022 Stabilizes the spine during functional movements
INNERVATION
\u2022 Dorsal rami of thoracic nerves
ILIOCOSTALIS: CERVICUS DIVISION
ORIGIN
\u2022 Common origin
INSERTION
\u2022 Transverse process of C4-C6
ISOLATED FUNCTION
Concentric Action
\u2022 Spinal extension, rotation and lateral flexion
INTEGRATED FUNCTION
Eccentric Action
\u2022 Spinal flexion, rotation and lateral flexion.
Isometric Action
\u2022 Stabilizes the spine during functional movements
INNERVATION
\u2022 Dorsal rami of thoracic nerves
LONGISSIMUS:THORACIS DIVISION
ORIGIN
\u2022 Common origin
INSERTION
\u2022 Transverse process T1-T12; Ribs 2-12
ISOLATED FUNCTION
Concentric Action
\u2022 Spinal extension, rotation and lateral flexion
INTEGRATED FUNCTION
Eccentric Action
\u2022 Spinal flexion, rotation and lateral flexion
Isometric Action
\u2022 Stabilizes the spine during functional movements
INNERVATION
\u2022 Dorsal rami of thoracic and lumbar nerves
44 CHAPTER 2
LWBK329-4205G-c02_p015-064.qxd 27/05/2009 08:53 AM Page 44 Aptara
LONGISSIMUS: CERVICUS DIVISION
ORIGIN
\u2022 Common origin
INSERTION
\u2022 Transverse process of C6-C2
ISOLATED FUNCTION
Concentric Action
\u2022 Spinal extension, rotation and lateral flexion
INTEGRATED FUNCTION
Eccentric Action
\u2022 Spinal flexion, rotation and lateral flexion
Isometric Action
\u2022 Stabilizes the spine during functional movements
INNERVATION
\u2022 Dorsal rami of cervical nerves
LONGISSIMUS: CAPITIS DIVISION
ORIGIN
\u2022 Common origin
INSERTION
\u2022 Mastoid process of the skull
ISOLATED FUNCTION
Concentric Action
\u2022 Spinal extension, rotation and lateral flexion
INTEGRATED FUNCTION
Eccentric Action
\u2022 Spinal flexion, rotation and lateral flexion
Isometric Action
\u2022 Stabilizes the spine during functional movements
INNERVATION
\u2022 Dorsal rami of cervical nerves
SPINALIS:THORACIS DIVISION
ORIGIN
\u2022 Common origin
INSERTION
\u2022 Spinous process of T7-T4
ISOLATED FUNCTION
Concentric Action
\u2022 Spinal extension, rotation and lateral flexion
INTEGRATED FUNCTION
Eccentric Action
\u2022 Spinal flexion, rotation and lateral flexion
Isometric Action
\u2022 Stabilizes the spine during functional movements
INNERVATION
\u2022 Dorsal rami of thoracic nerves
INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN MOVEMENT SCIENCE 45
LWBK329-4205G-c02_p015-064.qxd 27/05/2009 08:53 AM Page 45 Aptara
SPINALIS: CERVICUS DIVISION
ORIGIN
\u2022 Common origin
INSERTION
\u2022 Spinous process of C3-C2
ISOLATED FUNCTION
Concentric Action
\u2022 Spinal extension, rotation and lateral flexion
INTEGRATED FUNCTION
Eccentric Action
\u2022 Spinal flexion, rotation and lateral flexion
Isometric Action
\u2022 Stabilizes the spine during functional movements
INNERVATION
\u2022 Dorsal rami of cervical nerves
SPINALIS: CAPITIS DIVISION
ORIGIN
\u2022 Common origin
INSERTION
\u2022 Between the superior and inferior nuchal lines on occipital bone of the
skull
ISOLATED FUNCTION
Concentric Action
\u2022 Spinal extension, rotation and lateral flexion
INTEGRATED FUNCTION
Eccentric Action
\u2022 Spinal flexion, rotation and lateral flexion
Isometric Action
\u2022 Stabilizes the spine during functional movements
INNERVATION
\u2022 Dorsal rami of cervical nerves
QUADRATUS LUMBORUM
ORIGIN
\u2022 Iliac crest of the pelvis
INSERTION
\u2022 12th rib, transverse processes L2-L5
ISOLATED FUNCTION
Concentric Action
\u2022 Spinal lateral flexion
INTEGRATED FUNCTION
Eccentric Action
\u2022 Decelerates contralateral lateral spinal flexion
Isometric Action
\u2022 Stabilizes the lumbo-pelvic-hip complex
INNERVATION
\u2022 Spinal nerves (T12-L3)
46 CHAPTER 2
LWBK329-4205G-c02_p015-064.qxd 27/05/2009 08:53 AM Page 46 Aptara
TRANSVERSOSPINALIS:THORACIS DIVISION
ORIGIN
\u2022 Transverse process T12-T7
INSERTION
\u2022 Spinous process T4-C6
ISOLATED FUNCTION
Concentric Action
\u2022 Produces spinal extension and lateral flexion; extension and contralat-
eral rotation of the head
INTEGRATED FUNCTION
Eccentric Action
\u2022 Decelerates lateral flexion of the spine, flexion and contralateral
rotation of the head
Isometric Action
\u2022 Stabilizes the spine
INNERVATION
\u2022 Dorsal rami C1-T6 spinal nerves
TRANSVERSOSPINALIS: CERVICIS DIVISION
ORIGIN
\u2022 Transverse process T6-C4
INSERTION
\u2022 Spinous process C5-C2
ISOLATED FUNCTION
Concentric Action
\u2022 Produces spinal extension and lateral flexion; extension and contralat-
eral rotation of the head
INTEGRATED FUNCTION
Eccentric Action
\u2022 Decelerates lateral flexion of the spine, flexion and contralateral
rotation of the head
Isometric Action
\u2022 Stabilizes the spine
INNERVATION
\u2022 Dorsal rami C1-T6 spinal nerves
TRANSVERSOSPINALIS: CAPITUS DIVISION
ORIGIN
\u2022 Transverse process T6-C7 
Articular process C6-C4
INSERTION
\u2022 Nuchal line of occipital bone of the skull
ISOLATED FUNCTION
Concentric Action
\u2022 Produces spinal extension and lateral flexion; extension and contralat-
eral rotation of the head
INTEGRATED FUNCTION
Eccentric Action
\u2022 Decelerates lateral flexion of the spine, flexion and contralateral
rotation of the head
Isometric Action
\u2022 Stabilizes the spine
INNERVATION
\u2022 Dorsal rami C1-T6 spinal nerves
INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN MOVEMENT SCIENCE 47
LWBK329-4205G-c02_p015-064.qxd 27/05/2009 08:53 AM Page 47 Aptara
48 CHAPTER 2
MULTIFIDUS
ORIGIN
\u2022 Posterior aspect of the sacrum; Processes of the lumbar, thoracic and
cervical spine
INSERTION
\u2022 Spinous processes 1 to 4 segments above the origin
ISOLATED FUNCTION
Concentric Action
\u2022 Spinal extension and contralateral rotation
INTEGRATED FUNCTION
Eccentric Action
\u2022 Spinal flexion and rotation
Isometric Action
\u2022 Stabilizes the spine
INNERVATION
\u2022 Corresponding spinal nerves
LATISSIMUS DORSI
ORIGIN
\u2022 Spinous processes of T7-T12 ; Iliac crest of the pelvis; Thoracolumbar
fascia; Ribs 9-12
INSERTION
\u2022 Inferior angle of the scapula; Intertubecular groove of the humerus
ISOLATED FUNCTION
Concentric Action
\u2022 Shoulder extension, adduction and internal rotation 
INTEGRATED FUNCTION
Eccentric Action
\u2022 Shoulder flexion, abduction and external rotation and spinal flexion
Isometric Action
\u2022 Stabilizes the lumbo-pelvic-hip