Apostila de Ingle

Apostila de Ingle


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didn\u2019t study English yesterday.
I didn\u2019t eat this slice of cake.
INTERROGATIVE FORM
Did + subject + verb + complement
Did you see my sister?
Did she buy a new pants?
INTERROGATIVE \u2013 NEGATIVE
Did + subject + not + verb + complement
Did you not see my sister?
Or
Didn\u2019t you se my sister?
COMO E QUANDO USAR O SIMPLE PAST??
» para expressar algo ocorrido no passado.
Ex: my sister traveled to Japan two month ago.
Advérbios mais usados para a formação deste tempo:
Yesterday= ontem
The day before yesterday= anteontem
Last week/ night= noite /semana passada
A year ago = um ano atrás
ACTIVITY
1) PASS THE SENTENCES TO SIMPLE PAST AND TO NEGATIVE FORM:
a) I will visit my family tomorrow.
_______________________________________________________
b) I understand what the teacher speaks.
_______________________________________________________
c) she likes to cook candies and cakes.
_______________________________________________________
d) do you sell the house to your friend?
_______________________________________________________
STRUCTURE \u2013II
REFLEXIVE AND EMPHASIZING PRONOUNS
I = myself
You = yourself
He= himself
She= herself
It= itself
We= ourselves
You= yourselves
They= themselves
THE REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS
Estes aparecem em frases que o sujeito faz e sofre a ação , ou seja , o sujeito e o objeto são a
mesmapessoa.
Ex: I always burn mysel f when I cook.
She always cuts herself .
THE EMPHASIZING PRONOUNS
Estes servem para enfatizar o sujeito. Podem aparecer após o sujeito ou no final da oração.
Ex: you yourself closed the door.
TAKE A LOOK:
By myself=
Esta construção by + reflexive pronouns pode significar também = alone( sozinho).
Ex: I cook a cake by myself.
ORDINAL NUMBERS
1º - 1st= first= primeiro
2º - 2 nd= second=segundo
3º - 3 rd= third = terceiro
4º - 4 th= fourth=quarto
5º - 5th =fifth= quinto
6º- 6 th = sixth= sexto
7º- 7th = seventh= sétimo
8º- 8th = eighth= oitavo
9º- 9 th= ninth = nono
10º-10 th = décimo
11º- 11 th = eleventh= décimo - primeiro
12º- 12 th = twelfth= décimo - segundo
13º- 13 th= thirtheenth = décimo- terceiro
20º- 20 th = twentieth = vigéssimo
32º- 32 nd = thirty \u2013second= trigéssimo segundo
100º- 100 th = one hundredth= centéssimo
1000º- 1000th =one thousandth= miléssimo
1001º-1001th = one thousand and first- miléssimo primeiro
NEW VERBS
To travel= viajar
To read= ler
To close= fechar
To write= escrever
To open= abrir
NEW WORDS
Newspaper=jornal
Magazine= revista
Letter= carta
Until= até
Window= janela
Door= porta
Bedroom= quarto
Bathroom= banheiro
Pie= torta
Ice= gelo
Food= comida
Cold= frio
Hot= quente
NEW EXPRESSIONS
To get up= levanter-se
To take place= acontecer
This morning= esta manhã
This afternoon= hoje a tarde
Tonight= hoje a noite
ACTIVITY
1) complete with a reflexive or an emphasizing pronoun:
a) I ______________ called the doctor.
b) You always cuts____________________.
c) Do you live with your parents or live by____________________.
2) translate the sentences below:
a) eu fui a primeirapessoa a ler esta revista.
____________________________________________________________
b) ele não gostava de escrever cartas.
___________________________________________________________
c) ela não viajou noite passada.
__________________________________________________________
d) você gosta de torta?
_________________________________________________________
e) você foi a sétima pessoa que leu este livro.
_________________________________________________________
f) eu não entendi o que você escreveu.
____________________________________________________________
GABARITO
ACTIVITY \u2013I
1)
a) I didn\u2019t visit my family tomorrow.
b) I didn\u2019t understand what the teacher spoke.
c) she didn\u2019t like to cook candies and cake.
d) didn\u2019t you sell the house to your friend?
Activity II
1)
a) myself
b) yourself
c) yourself
2)
a) I was the first person to read this magazine.
b) he didn\u2019t like to write letters.
c) she didn\u2019t travel last night.
d) did you like pie?
e) you were seventh person that read this book?
LESSON FOUR
STRUCTURE
SIMPLE PAST
Irregular verbs- estes verbos quando são conjugados apresentam variação na sua forma escrita.
Podem ter uma forma diferente para o simple past e para o past participle.
Ex:
INFINITIVE SIMPLE PAST PAST PARTICIPLE
To beat beat beaten
To sleep slept slept
To understand understood understood
Note:
Um \u201cpequeno detalhe\u201d para a formação dos irregular vebs no simple past ou no past participle é que
eles não tem uma regra específica de formação, por isso é necessário memorização deles.
Podem ser classificados em:
UNIFORMES- onde não ocorre nenhuma mudança em sua forma escrita.
INFINITIVE SIMPLE PAST PAST PARTICLE
To cut cut cutTo read read read
Ex: I read a new book.
BIFORMES- neste caso o verbo tem duas formas iguais. Uma para o simple past e o past participle ou
infinitive e simple past ou infinitive e past participle.
INFINITIVE SIMPLE PAST PAST PARTICIPLE
To beat beat beaten
To come came come
To bring brought brought
TRIFORMES- neste caso há formas diferentes para o infinitive, o simple past e para o past participle.
INFINITIVE SIMPLE PAST PAST PARTICIPLE
To be was/were been
To begin began begun
To do did done
SIMPLE PAST WITH IRREGULAR VERBS
Affirmative
They came here yesterday.
She slept in my house last night.
Interrogative
Did you bring my book?
Negative
She didn\u2019t read this magazine.
ACTIVITY
1) USE THE SIMPLE PAST IN THE SENTENCES BELOW:
A) I will bring your book.
_________________________________________________________
B) she is tired today.
_________________________________________________________
C) they go to the beach today.
_________________________________________________________
D) I read this book and I like it very much.
_________________________________________________________
E) he begins to study English this month.
_________________________________________________________
2) use the negative form in the sentences below:
A) I did everything correctly.
________________________________________________________
B) you understood this lesson.
________________________________________________________
C) we came last week.
_________________________________________________________
D) she forgot my name.
_________________________________________________________
STRUCTURE \u2013II
PAST CONTINUOUS
Affirmative
Subject + was/were + verb + ing
I waseating a slice a chocolate cake.
You were drinking milk.
Negative
We weren\u2019t speaking about you.
She wasn\u2019t studying English.
Interrogative
Weren\u2019t they living in New York?
Was she eating an apple?
QUANDO SE USA O PAST CONTINUOUS?
» Para falar de uma ação que estava ocorrendo no passado. O surgimento de um advérbio é útil para
definir quando a ação estava ocorrendo.
Ex:
She was dancing last night.
We were speaking about our English class.
» Para falar de uma ação repetida frequentemente no passado.
Ex:
They were always playing soccer.
» Para falar de duas ações que estavam ocorrendo no passado ao mesmo tempo. Pode-se usar a
conjunção while ( enquanto).
Ex:
I was studying while my sister was cooking.
NEW VERBS
To beat= bater, golpear
To come= vir, chegar
To bring= trazer
To begin= começar
NEW WORDS
Body=corpo
Head=cabeça
Eyes=olhos
Hair= cabelo
Ears= ouvido
Nose= nariz
Mouth=boca
Eyebrow=sobrancelha
Mustache= bigode
Tooth/ teeth= dentes
Lips= lábios
Tongue= lingua
Leg= perna
Potato= batatas
Carrot= cenoura
Green pepper= pimentão
Pumpkin=