Apostila de Ingle

Apostila de Ingle


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abóbora
Eggplant=berinjela
Onion=cebola
Garlic=alho
Manioc=mandioca
NEW EXPRESSIONS
Day by day= dia-a-dia
In style= em grande estilo
To fall in love (with)= apaixonar-se por
Worry for = preocupar-se com
Ask for= pedir
To get up= levantar-se
ACTIVITY
1) TRANSLATION:
A) Eu estava comendo cenoura e batatas.
____________________________________________________________
B) Ela estava falando com minha mãe.
____________________________________________________________
C) N ós estávamos jogando futebol.
____________________________________________________________
D) Eles estavam dormindo em sua casa?___________________________________________________________
E) Ele não estava bebendo vinho.
____________________________________________________________
2) COMPLETE WITH THE PAST CONTINUOUS OR THE SIMPLE PAST OF THE VERBS:
a) I __________________ ( talk) to my father when he ______________ ( arrive) last night.
b) She _________________(cook) a chocolate cake yesterday.
c) We__________________(study) English while my brother ______________( work) a lot at the
office.
d) He __________________( fall in love) with my sister.
e) They___________________(travel) with my parents last week.
3) USE THE NEGATIVE FORM.
A) I was reading that book.
____________________________________________
B) we played soccer every week.
____________________________________________
C) she was studying Spanish with the new teacher.
____________________________________________
D) they got up 6:00 o\u2019clock.
____________________________________________
E) you were falling in love with my brother.
____________________________________________
F) she had beautiful eyes.
_____________________________________________
GABARITO
1)
A) I brought your book.
B) she was tired yesterday.
C) they went to the beach yesterday.
D) I read this book and I liked it very much.
E) he began to study English that month.
2)
a) I didn\u2019t everything correctly.
B) you didn\u2019t understand this lesson
C) we didn\u2019t come last week.
Activity II
1)
A) I was eating carrot and potato
B) she was speaking with my mother.
C) we were playing soccer.
D) were they sleeping in your house?
E) you weren\u2019t reading that magazine.
F) he wasn\u2019t drinking wine.
2)
A) was talking/arrived
B) cooked
C) were studying/ wasworking
D) was falling in love
E) traveled
3)
A) I wasn\u2019t reading that book
B)we didn\u2019t played soccer every week.
c) she wasn\u2019t studying Spanish with new teacher
D) they didn\u2019t get up 6:00 o\u2019clock.
E)you weren\u2019t falling in love with my brother
F) she didn\u2019t had beautiful eyes.
LESSON FIVE
OBJETIVO: destacar nessa lição a continuação da conjugação do verbo no passado e fazer uma
revisão das lições anteriores. desta vez o tempo a ser estudado será o Past Perfect.
PRÉ-REQUISITO: ter visto as lições anteriores.
LESSON FIVE
STRUCTURE
FORM
affirmative:
sujeito + had + verbo principal no particípio passado
EX: I had eaten some fruits before you arrived.
she had read many letters.
negative:
EX: I had not / hadn\u2019t eaten fruit before you arrived.
interrogative:
EX: had you found your old book?
had she already spoken with your mother before?
COMO E QUANDO USAR O PAST PERFECT?
Para descrever uma ação ocorrida no passado antes de outra ação também ocorrida no
passado.pode-se usar o seguintes advérbios : already,never, seldom, always.
NOTE:
forma contracta de had é \u2018d.
ex: she had
she\u2019d
REVIEW- I
PRESENT CONTINUOUS
sujeito + to be + verbo + ing
EX: I am visiting my family.
usado para:
1. uma ação que ocorre no momento em que se fala.
2. uma ação presente, que nem sempre pode estar ocorrendo na hora em que é mencionado.
3. ações que sempre se repetem.
SIMPLE FUTURE
sujeito + will + verbo + complemento
EX: I will visit my friends next weekend.
No futuro é necessário o uso do verbo auxiliar will.
» will pode ser substituído por shall na 1ª pessoa do singular e do plural.
formas contracta:
will= \u2018ll
shall=\u2019ll
will not= won\u2019t
shall not= shan\u2019t
É USADOPARA:
» descrever ações futuras.
» expressar decisões tomadas de imediato.
IMMEDIATE FUTURE
sujeito + to be + going to + verbo + complemento
EX: we are going to travel to Las Vegas tomorrow morning.
É USADO PARA:
» descrever algo que está prestes a acontecer.
SIMPLE PAST
sujeito + verbo no passado + complemento
EX: I studied English with my friend yesterday.
É USADO PARA:
» descrever ações já ocorridas.
REFLEXIVE AND EMPHASIZING PRONOUNS:
I= myself
you=youself
he= himself
she= herself
it= itself
we= ourselves
you= yourselves
they= themselves
» Os pronomes reflexivos surgem quando o sujeito sofre e faz a ação. também servem para enfatizar
o sujeito.
EX: I always cut myself.
NEW VERBS
to leave= deixar, partir, sair
to arrive= chegar
to lose= perder
to dream= sonhar
NEW WORDS
arm= braço
shoulder= ombros
foot= pé
hand= mão
brain=cérebro
bag= bolsa
bee= abelha
candle= vela
daily= diário
employment= emprego
job= emprego
freedom= liberdade
knowledge= conhecimento
law= lei
lonely=solitário
NEW EXPRESSIONS
amazing= surpreendente
and so on= etc...
to hurry up= apressar- se
to go on= continuar
to run into= entrar
ACTIVITY
1. se the contract form:
a) they had brought the dog with them.
_______________________________________________________
b) she had studied a lot, when her father arrived.
_______________________________________________________
c) I had not eaten anything when my mother arrived.
_______________________________________________________
d) she had not left her book with me.
_______________________________________________________
e) he had lost his wallet last week._______________________________________________________
2. translation
a) eu perdi meu emprego.
_______________________________________________________
b) nós viajaremos com meus pais.
_______________________________________________________
c) ela não gosta de cebola.
_______________________________________________________
d) ele não tinha estudado as leis e perdeu a liberdade.
_______________________________________________________
e) nós compraremos uma bolsa para minha mãe.
_______________________________________________________
3. use the past perfect with the verbs in parentheses in the sentences below:
a) Ane and his boyfriend ________________ ( leave) the party after we arrived.
b) they ____________________( lose) their homework when the teacher entered the classroom.
c) she arrived at home after her family ______________( eat).
d) John lost the pen that her girlfriend_______________( give) him.
e) I___________(leave) my house when you called me.
f) when we called Francy , she _____________ already ____________( leave).
g) I ____________( sleep) for three hours when Paul knocked the door.
h) Nick didn\u2019t go to the movies with me. he___________ (see) that film.
4. pass the sentences to present continuous:
a) I read a newspaper.
_______________________________________________________
b) she drank a glass of milk.
_______________________________________________________
c) we worked a lot.
_______________________________________________________
d) I will leave this room.
_______________________________________________________
e) John and Julie study English now.
_______________________________________________________
5. use the simple future in this sentences:
I don\u2019t arrive in your house thisafternoon.
_______________________________________________________
we went to the movies last night.
_______________________________________________________
she learned