Enciclopédia da Energia Natural   CPMA.COMUNIDADES.NET
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Enciclopédia da Energia Natural CPMA.COMUNIDADES.NET


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Climate Change and Policy | Economics of Forest Carbon Sequestration as a Climate Change Mitigation Strategy 47
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
O Edenhofer, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), Potsdam, Germany; IPCC Working Group III; Mercator Research
Institute on Global Commons and Climate Change (MCC), Berlin, Germany
K Seyboth, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), Potsdam, Germany; IPCC Working Group III
ã 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Glossary
Calibrated uncertainty language A standard framework of
terminology used by the IPCC to characterize uncertainty in
scientific literature. This includes two over-arching metrics:
(1) confidence, measured qualitatively and (2) likelihood,
measured quantitatively based on, for example, statistical
analysis.
Climate change adaptation As defined in the IPCC\u2019s fourth
Assessment Synthesis Report, adaptation can be initiatives and
measures to reduce the vulnerability of natural and human
systems against actual or expected climate change effects.
Climate change mitigation Actions taken with the aim of
lessening the impacts of climate change, by for example
reducing greenhouse gas emissions and/or enhancing
carbon sinks. For a more comprehensive characterization,
please see Figure 3.
Climate change As defined in the IPCC\u2019s fourth Assessment
Synthesis Report, climate change is a change in the state of
the climate that can be identified (e.g., by using statistical
tests) by changes in the mean and/or the variability of its
properties, and that persists for an extended period, typically
decades or longer. Climate change may be due to natural
internal processes or external forcings or to persistent
anthropogenic changes in the composition of the
atmosphere or in land use.
Emissions scenarios As defined in the IPCC\u2019s fourth
Assessment Synthesis Report, emissions scenarios are
plausible representations of the future development of
emissions of substances that are potentially radiatively active
(e.g., greenhouse gases, aerosols), based on a coherent and
internally consistent set of assumptions about driving forces
(such as demographic and socioeconomic development,
and technological change) and their key relationships.
Representative concentration pathway (RCP) Simplified
from Moss, Edmonds, et. al\u2019s description in Nature, an RCP
is one of four specific greenhouse gas concentration
trajectories identified by experts in peer-reviewed literature
as presenting a plausible pathway towards reaching target
radiative forcing levels (a measure describing the balance of
incoming and outgoing energy in the earth\u2019s atmosphere) of
2.6, 4.5, 6.0, and 8.5 W m\ufffd2 in 2100.
Scenarios As defined in the IPCC\u2019s fourth Assessment
Synthesis Report, scenarios are plausible and often
simplified descriptions of how the future may develop,
based on a coherent and internally consistent set of