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Automatic invoicing is based on the dates and values specified in the invoicing plan assigned to the PO item.
The invoicing plan type is defined in Customizing and assigned in the PO item.
To create a purchase order with an invoicing plan, you should use the document type FO (framework order). This document type enables you to enter a validity period in the purchase order header.
You must specify account assignments for PO items with an invoicing plan.
The invoicing plan function cannot be used in the case of valuated goods receipts. You must either cancel the GR indicator in the PO item or set the Non-valuated goods receipt indicator.
The automatic generation of invoices on the dates set out in an invoicing plan is possible only if the ERS indicator has been set in the Purchasing data of the vendor master record. If the indicator is set, you must enter a tax code in the PO item. 
You create a PO item with an invoicing plan by assigning the key for an invoicing plan type in the PO item. The invoicing plan type is defined in Customizing and determines, for example, whether invoicing dates are suggested (and according to which rules). 
In Customizing for Purchasing you can use the invoicing plan type to control how the R/3 System creates the schedule of dates in an invoicing plan.
The invoicing plan type contains the basic control data for the invoicing plan. For example, the invoicing plan contains rules for date determination. The invoicing plan type also contains a date rule for determining the horizon for the invoicing plan. The horizon calculates the last invoicing date in the invoicing plan, based on the current date plus a specified time period.
The date category defines data for each invoicing date that appears in the invoicing plan. You can assign a date category for every invoicing plan type.
To generate invoices automatically according to an invoicing plan, you need to set the Evaluated Receipt Settlement (ERS) indicator in the vendor master record (purchasing data).
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