27 pág.


DisciplinaConsultoria909 materiais3.246 seguidores
Pré-visualização2 páginas
transactions or document types.
If you require only the standard configuration in the initial screens and header screens, you do not have to change anything in Customizing.
You can configure fields in the screens for:
Goods movements
Invoice receipt (Logistics Invoice Verification)
External services
Returns to vendor are return deliveries of material from a plant to an external vendor. You include these as returns order items in purchase orders by setting a \u201creturns indicator\u201d in the item overview of the purchase order. For returns to vendor, you do not have to reference the preceding document used to procure the material you are returning. 
For movement type 161, you can also set the indicator for the automatic generation of purchase orders. 
You can configure Customizing in such a way that the R/3 System always creates a purchase order in the background after you receive goods for which no purchase order exists. You can also carry out invoice verification afterwards.
In the step \u201cCreate purchase order automatically\u201d in Customizing, you define for each movement type whether the R/3 System always creates a purchase order whenever you post a goods receipt. This means that you can also carry out invoice verification immediately after you have posted the goods receipt.
The R/3 System valuates the goods receipt with the price defined in the purchasing info record.
You can create purchase orders automatically only for valuated materials.
The shelf life expiration date is checked only if the following conditions have been fulfilled:
The minimum remaining shelf life has been maintained in the material master or the purchase order. 
The minimum remaining shelf life value is the number of days that a material has to be usable in order that the R/3 System will accept the goods receipt.
The shelf life expiration date check is active in the plant.
The shelf life expiration date check is activated for this movement type.
If the shelf life expiration date check is activated, you have to enter the expiration date or production date of the material at the time of goods receipt.
When the goods are received, the R/3 System checks whether the minimum remaining shelf life meets the requirements entered in the purchase order or the material master. If this is not the case, it issues a warning message or error message, depending on how it is configured.
When the goods entry has been posted, the shelf life expiration date is recorded in the material document.
The shelf life expiration date is printed on the goods receipt/issue slip.
If the latest acceptable goods receipt date has been entered in the purchase order, at goods receipt the R/3 System checks whether the posting date is after this date. If this is the case, it issues a warning message or error message, depending on how it is configured.
As of Release 4.5, the R/3 System compares the goods receipt date with the planned delivery date from the purchase order. The user can configure whether it should issue a warning message or error message in the event of goods being received early. 
This function is useful if capacity in your warehouse is limited or if you want to prevent the invoice for the goods receipt being paid too early.
If the message is configured as an error message, you can only post the goods receipt to GR blocked stock.
You can define any unit of entry for a goods movement or reservation, provided that the unit of entry is defined in the material master record or can be converted using standard calculations (for example, g \u2013 kg).
If you do not specify a unit of measure, the R/3 System uses the unit of measure that is intended for the relevant goods movement, that is the:
Order unit for goods receipt with reference to purchase order
Production unit for goods receipt for order
Unit of issue for other movements and reservations
All functions in Inventory Management and Physical Inventory are subject to an authorization check.
If some users are no longer authorized to carry out certain analyses, assign them to the following authorization profile: M_BEFU_ANZ (all inventory management display authorizations).
A system-wide list viewer is used to format some reports. You can now output application tables with any contents in a convenient list.
Users can define and save their own display variants as well as choose their display variants on the initial screen for a report. 
For Release 4.6, the plant stock availability display was converted to the ABAP List Viewer.
As of Release 4.6A, you can use the Analysis of Conversion Differences report to analyze the goods movements for a specified period of time for each material and plant. You can also determine the rounding differences separately for each stock type. The following stock types are listed individually:
Unrestricted-use stock, blocked stock, and stock in quality inspection
All of a material\u2019s special stocks
All of a material\u2019s batches
You can use report RM07MBST to display the total stock quantity and total stock value for one or more materials. It also determines the stock account that is posted when you post a goods movement for the material specified.
You can display the balance values for each company code and G/L account. The system compares the balance of the G/L account with the stock value of the specified material and displays the difference between the two.
If you start the report without specifying a material, the balance of each stock account must correspond to the total valuated stock of all materials belonging to the relevant valuation class. Variances can result for the following reasons:
You made manual postings to the stock account.
Other postings as well as stock postings are made to the stock account. In this case, you have to check account determination in Customizing for valuation. Ensure that the stock accounts are used for transaction key BSX (stock postings) only.
Account determination for the stock accounts (transaction/event key) BSX were changed in the current operation, but the relevant stocks were not debited directly from the old account (MVT 562) and posted to the new one (MVT 561).
(C) SAP AG	TAMM40	23-\ufffd PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT \ufffd1\ufffd