7051_TSCM_50-1ª_Parte_(8)
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7051_TSCM_50-1ª_Parte_(8)


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price 
Effective price 
 
Why was no info record created for the one-time vendor? 
 
3-3 Change info record 
The vendor T-K12A## sends you new purchasing data and conditions for material 
T-RM2##. Change the info record for this vendor and this material in accordance 
with this data. 
The average delivery time (planned delivery time) is 10 days. In addition, the 
vendor accepts only purchase orders for quantities above the minimum quantity of 
50 pieces. 
As of today, the conditions will change as follows: 
Validity period: 1 year 
Gross price: 85 UNI 
Discount from gross (RA01): 15% from 50 pieces upwards 
18% from 200 pieces upwards 
 
3-4 Questions 
Finally, answer the questions below: 
You want to order 20 pieces of the material T-RM2## from the vendor 
T-K12A##. Is this possible? What message does the system issue? 
 
_____________________________________________________ 
 
What net price would you have to pay per piece if you wanted to order the 
following quantities of material T-RM2## from vendor T-K12A##? 
 
20 pieces 50 pieces 150 pieces 320 pieces 
 
 
© SAP AG TSCM50 8-30 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Stock Overview
Client
++
++
++
Company code
Plant
Storage location
Client 400
4600 pieces
Co. code 2000
2500 pieces
Co. code 1000
2100 pieces
Plant 1000
1200 pieces
Plant 1100
900 pieces
SLoc 0001
300 pieces
SLoc 0002
600 pieces
 
 
 
„ The material stocks are displayed in the stock overview for each individual organizational level. 
Quantities posted for a particular stock type are totaled for each organizational unit. 
„ You can display the stock overview for batches/valuation types and special stocks (for example, 
consignment material), as well as for the client, company code, plant, and storage location. 
„ The stock overview is a static display of stocks. This means that you can only view the current stock 
situation. You cannot see future planned goods receipts and goods issues in this list. But you can call 
up additional information functions via the menu bar. 
„ There are several display versions for stock overviews, which vary in the way the stock types are 
listed and in the order they appear. In Customizing for Inventory Management, the system 
administrator defines which stocks are displayed in each column and the order in which they are 
displayed. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM50 8-31 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
3000
Company code Plant
Valuation areaValuation area
Valuation Area
............ ............
........
........ ........
........
 
 
 
„ The valuation area is the organizational level at which material is valuated. Plant and company code 
are two possible valuation areas in the R/3 System. 
„ When stock is valuated at plant level, you can valuate a material in different plants at different 
prices. 
„ When you valuate stock at company code level, the valuation price of a material is the same in all of 
a company's plants (that is, in a company code). 
„ SAP recommends that you valuate material at plant level. Valuation at plant level is mandatory if 
you want to use either of the Production Planning or Product Cost Accounting components, or if 
your system is a Retail system. 
„ Caution: Defining the valuation level in Customizing is a fundamental setting, and is very difficult 
to reverse. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM50 8-32 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Material typeMaterial type
300100
300000
Valuation class 1Valuation class 1
Valuation class 2Valuation class 2Accounting 1
Valuation class
Valuation Class
MaterialMaterial
mastermaster
 
 
 
„ You can use the valuation class to combine materials for assigning G/L accounts so that you do not 
have to manage a separate stock account for each material. 
„ You maintain the valuation class in the Accounting view of the material master record. The valuation 
class allowed for a material depends on the material type, and can be configured in Customizing. 
„ In automatic account determination, the R/3 System works with valuation classes. The valuation 
class is used to determine which stock account is to be updated upon goods movements. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM50 8-33 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Price control
(in material master)
\u201cS\u201d
Standard price
\u201cV\u201d
Moving average price
Material valuationMaterial valuation
Material Valuation Procedures
 
 
 
„ Valuation of goods receipts depends on the price control procedure you set in the material master 
record. In the R/3 System, material valuation can be carried out according to the moving average 
price procedure (V price) or the standard price procedure (S price). 
„ In the standard price procedure (price control \u201cS\u201d), the system carries out all stock postings at a price 
defined in the material master. Variances are posted to price difference accounts. 
„ In the moving average price procedure (price control \u201cV\u201d), the system valuates goods receipts with 
the purchase order price and goods issues with the current moving average price. The system 
automatically calculates the latter upon every goods movement by dividing the total value by the 
total stock quantity. Differences between the purchase order price and the invoice are posted directly 
to the relevant stock account if there is sufficient stock coverage. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM50 8-34 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
GR/IR
250
Stock account
200
Valuation of Goods Receipts
Price control
S (Standard price) = fixed
V (Moving average price) = value / quantity
Amount from purchase orderStandard price * quantity
GR/IR
250
Stock account
250
Amount from purchase order
Accounting 1
Price difference
50
MaterialMaterial
mastermaster
 
 
 
„ You set the material valuation procedure you want to use in the accounting view of the material 
master record. In the R/3 System, you can carry out material valuation using the standard price 
procedure or moving average price procedure. 
„ Irrespective of the valuation procedure set in the material master record, the system increases the 
stock quantity by the relevant goods receipt quantity when you post a goods receipt into stock. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM50 8-35 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Stock account
(1)
Material Master Record: Valuation Data
Financial Accounting: Account Movements
GR/IR clearing account Vendor
Transaction Stock Total value Standard
price
 Moving ave. 
price
( 1 ) Initial situation 100 200.00 2.00 2.00
Income from 
price differences
Expenditure from 
price differences
200
Example: Posting at Standard Price (1)
 
 
 
„ The initial stock quantity and value are displayed in the \u201cInitial situation\u201d column. 
„ For statistical purposes, the system also calculates the moving average price for materials that are 
valuated at the standard price. This means that you can spot major differences between the current 
procurement price and the standard price and react accordingly. 
„ The system calculates the total stock value of materials with standard price control as follows: 
total value = standard price (per base unit of measure) * total stock. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM50 8-36 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Example: Posting at Standard Price (2)
Financial Accounting: Account Movements
Material Master Record: Valuation Data
Transaction Stock Total value Standard
price
Moving ave.
price
( 1 ) Initial situation 100 200.00 2.00 2.00
( 2 ) GR for PO: 100 at 2.40 200 400.00 2.00 2.20
Stock account
(1)
GR/IR clearing account Vendor
Income from
price differences
Expenditure from 
price differences
200
(2) 200
240 (2)
(2) 40
 
 
 
„ The system updates the stock value and the stock quantity with the standard price. 
„ It updates the GR/IR clearing account with the purchase order price. 
„ It posts the difference between