7053_TSCM_50-1ª_parte_(12-13)
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7053_TSCM_50-1ª_parte_(12-13)


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change how lists are displayed. You can then display additional fields from 
the column set, or hide unwanted fields from the column selection. You can also put the fields in the 
order you choose, and generate totals. You can also adjust the size of the columns. 
„ You have the option of saving these changes as your own layout. You can create your own variants 
cross-user or user-specifically. SAP delivers standard layouts for your own lists. 
„ The screen above shows the dialog box Change layout for the detail list of the material document 
list. 
„ It depends on the particular list whether layouts can be used. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM50 12-10 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
LISLISLIS
PPISPPISPPISSISSISSIS PURCHISPURCHISPURCHIS INVCOINVCOINVCO
RISRISRISQMISQMISQMIS PMISPMISPMIS WMISWMISWMIS
R1
:
R4
1988
------
------
------
1994
------
------
------
MM-MM-
PURPURSDSD
QMQM PMPM
PPPPMM-MM-IMIM
WMWM R/3
SAP Logistics Information System (LIS)
 
 
 
„ SAP Logistics offers a range of application-related information systems. All have a standard 
interface and similar basic functionality. 
All Logistics information systems have the same type of data retention. A range of special tools and 
ways of working emphasize the typical character of a data warehouse in the LIS. 
„ In Logistics, you can distinguish between the following information systems: 
y SIS Sales Information System 
y PURCHIS Purchasing Information System 
y INVCO Inventory Controlling 
y WMIS Warehouse Management Information System 
y PPIS Shop Floor Information System 
y QMIS Quality Management Information System 
y PMIS Plant Maintenance Information System 
y RIS Retail Information System 
 
© SAP AG TSCM50 12-11 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Qty
Time
Info structures
Business
Intelligence
SAP R/3SAP R/3 SAP R/2SAP R/2
S012S012
LIS updating
S...S...
S039S039
S001S001
Online
Transaction
Processing
DATA
WARE-
HOUSE
OLTP
OLAP OnlineAnalytical
Processing
The Logistics Data Warehouse in the SAP System
 
 
 
„ The information systems in the LIS are continuously supplied with data from the transaction systems 
(Sales and Distribution, Purchasing, Production, Plant Maintenance, and so on). This level is also 
known as OLTP (Online Transaction Processing). The data can come from documents in the SAP 
R/2 or SAP R/3 system, or from non-SAP systems. 
„ Important information is stored in the SAP Open Information Warehouse's own database, which is 
maintained in parallel to the operational systems. As data is updated periodically, the data volume is 
reduced quantitatively and the information is reduced qualitatively to the sections relevant to 
statistics. 
„ Convenient analysis and reporting tools are available at OLAP level (Online Analytic Processing) for 
analyzing data. 
 
 
© SAP AG TSCM50 12-12 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Info structure:Info structure: PurchasingPurchasing
Characteristics
Plant 
Material 
Vendor
Period unit Key figure
Monthly
Weekly 
Daily
PO quantity 
PO value 
No. of deliveries 
Last purchase order
Standard info structuresStandard info structures
PurchasingPurchasing ProductionProductionS&DS&D
Logistics Data Warehouse
 
 
 
„ The physical tables in the SAP Information Warehouse are information structures, or info structures 
for short. These have a typical structure. 
„ The objects to be analyzed in the real business world go into info structures as evaluation groups in 
the form of characteristics. Statistical information on characteristics, such as vendor, customer, or 
material is aggregated. Organizational elements, such as purchasing group, material group, valuation 
area, plant, or storage location are also used as characteristics in info structures. 
„ Time base is another option for aggregation. Data is not only aggregated per characteristic, but also 
by period. With regard to periodicity, you can aggregate data on a daily, weekly, or monthly basis. 
„ The system updates Logistics key figures for each characteristic combination and periodicity. This 
encompasses quantitative factors informing you of measurable subject matters. Key figures can be 
cumulated per evaluation group, for example, order quantity, or production order quantity. They can 
also be a single counter, for example, "number of deliveries". 
„ The standard R/3 System contains various info structures for different application areas. You can use 
convenient tools to group characteristics and key figures into individual info structures to meet your 
requirements and use separate update programs to fill them with data. 
 
 
© SAP AG TSCM50 12-13 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
From Document to Analysis
Purch. ord.
Vendor: 1000
PO date: May 15, 98
10 pcs M-01 at 1100 UNI 11 000
10 pcs M-02 at 1000 UNI 10 000
Info structure
in Purchasing
Vendor
1000
1000
1100
Material
M-01
M-02
M-01
Month
05.98
05.98
05.98
PO val.
11 000
30 000
13 000
Material: M-01
Month: May 98
PO value
11 000
13 000
Vendor
1000
1100
Vendor: 1000
Month: May 98
PO value
11 000
30 000
Material
M-01
M-02
 
 
 
„ When you post a document, as is shown here using a purchase order, the system updates the key 
figures of the info structures for the relevant characteristic combinations. 
„ If there is no data record for the characteristic combination in the document, the system creates a new 
data record and enters the characteristics and key figures (example: vendor 1000, material M-01, 
month 05.98, purchase order value 11 000). 
„ If the characteristic combination already exists in the info structure, the system increases or 
decreases the key figures in the data line by the relevant values (example: vendor 1000, material M-
02, month 05.98, purchase order value (old) 20 000 + purchase order value (document) 10 000 = 
purchase order value (new) 30 000). 
„ In the various analyses, lists can be created for all possible characteristic combinations on the basis 
of data in the info structures. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM50 12-14 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Flexible analysisFlexible analysis
Standard analysis
Advanced analysisAdvanced analysis
techniquestechniques
zz Selection versionsSelection versions
zz AuthorizationsAuthorizations
zz HierarchiesHierarchies
EWSEWS
Early Warning SystemEarly Warning System
FI
PPMMExternal
data SD
Reporting in the LIS
 
 
 
„ The standard analyses in LIS offer numerous ways of analyzing data. Standard analyses offer a 
multitude of functions that enable a detailed and specific analysis of data. 
„ In each standard analysis, you can use various selection options to determine the scope of data to be 
analyzed. You can preset the selection of key figures you want to analyze or it can be carried out 
interactively during the analysis. 
„ You can use the Early Warning System (EWS) to look for any unusual situations and react to and 
correct these in good time. 
„ Using flexible analyses, you can individually compile and compress key figures. You can also 
structure the layout of your report to meet your requirements. For reports, you can also define key 
figures composed of computing formulas from existing key figures. This means that you can 
multiply key figures or calculate the quotient of two key figures, for example. The data contained in 
the list can be converted into graphic format. 
„ The Logistics Data Warehouse is open and therefore allows you to carry out analyses using external 
programs, such as MS-EXCEL or native SQL. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM50 12-15 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Functions
z ABC analysis
z Classification
z Dual classification
z Pld act. comparison
z Cum. freq. curve
z Correlation
z Time series
Additional
information
z Master data
z Documents