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AG 1999
z Course Goals
z Course Objectives
z Course Content
z Course Overview Diagram
z Main Business Scenario
Course Overview
© SAP AG TSCM52 3-2 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
This course will prepare you to:
z Familiarize yourself with the basic functions of
inventory management and perform them in the
R/3 System.
z Identify standard stock movements and their
effects in the R/3 System.
Course Goals
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At the conclusion of this course, you will be able to:
z Perform goods receipts, goods issues, and stock
z Process stock reservations
z Identify special Inventory Management features,
such as split value and non-valuated stock
z Explain consignment and pipeline stock
Course Objectives
© SAP AG TSCM52 4-1 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
z Special Features of Goods Receipts
Goods Receipts
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z Enter a goods receipt into blocked stock and
quality inspection stock
z Generate a purchase order automatically at goods
z Describe various functions, such as shelf life
expiration date check and unit of entry
z Identify other system settings for goods
At the conclusion of this unit, you will be able to:
Goods Receipts: Unit Objectives
© SAP AG TSCM52 4-3 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 2002
Inventory Management: Overview Diagram
Goods ReceiptsGoods Receipts
Reservations and Goods IssuesReservations and Goods Issues
Stock Transfers / Transfer PostingsStock Transfers / Transfer Postings
Special Inventory Management FeaturesSpecial Inventory Management Features
Appendix: Pipeline ProcessingAppendix: Pipeline Processing
00010001 00020002
B ??
© SAP AG TSCM52 4-4 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
z You can enter goods receipts in your enterprise in
several ways, depending on the material. You can
transfer some materials directly to unrestricted-use
stock. Others are subject to quality control and are
posted to quality inspection stock first. If a material
is already damaged at goods receipt, you can post
it to blocked stock.
Goods Receipts: Business Scenario
© SAP AG TSCM52 4-5 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
return delivery
Enjoy Transaction for Goods Receipts
Goods receipt
for known
purchase order
Transaction code
Goods receipt
for known
purchase order
Transaction code
blocked stock
Cancel material
docmt for goods
Goods receipt
for unknown
purchase order
Transaction code
Display material
docmt for goods
Other goods
Transaction code
Goods receipt for
Transaction code
4.6C 4.6C
„ As of Release 4.6, you can post goods receipts with the EnjoySAP transaction MIGO. 
„ You can use this function instead of the following old goods receipt transactions: 
y Goods receipt for known or unknown purchase order (transaction code MB01 and MB0A) 
y Goods receipt for order (transaction code MB31) 
y Other goods receipts ( transaction code MB1C) 
y Enter return delivery (transaction code MBRL) 
y Release blocked stock (transcation code MBSF) 
y Enter subsequent delivery (transaction code MBNL) 
y Cancel material document for goods receipts (transaction code MBST) 
y Display material document for goods receipts (transaction code MB03). 
„ The old transactions will remain fully functional until the limitations of the MIGO transactions have 
been fully resolved. 
„ In the settings for Enjoy transactions in Customizing for Inventory Management, you can define 
which fields appear on the MIGO transaction screen and how they appear. See also the 
documentation in Customizing. 
© SAP AG TSCM52 4-6 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
18, 1994
18, 1994
Without purchase order
Without production order
Initial entry of stock balance
Without purchase order
Without production order
Receipt of by-products
Delivery free of charge
Returns from customer
Goods receipt
Goods Receipt Without Reference to PO
„ With the initial entry of inventory data (movement type 561), you transfer the physical warehouse 
stocks or book inventory balances from a legacy system to the newly implemented SAP R/3 MM 
System. This initial inventory data entry is generally carried out via batch input. 
„ The valuation of the inventory data to be transferred is dependent on two factors: 
y The price control procedure and prices specified in the material master record from an accounting 
y Whether you have entered a value for the quantity to be transferred 
„ If the material has a standard price, the valuation of initially entered inventory data will be based on 
this standard price. If you have entered a different value, this difference is posted to a price 
difference account. 
„ If the material has a moving average price, the initial inventory data is valuated as follows: 
y If you entered a value for the initial inventory data entry, this value is used to valuate the quantity 
to be transferred. If the quotient of initial inventory value and initial inventory quantity differs 
from the moving average price, the moving average price is changed through the initial entry of 
inventory data. 
y If you have not entered a value for the initial entry of inventory data, the quantity to be transferred 
is valuated according to the moving average price, and this price does not change in this case. 
© SAP AG TSCM52 4-7 
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 Non-stock materials
Cost center
 Stock in quality inspection
Blocked stock (valuated)
GR blocked stock Mvt 103
Goods Receipt Blocked Stock
Unrestricted-use stock
101 +
„ At goods receipt, you can post a material for consumption or to stock. But you can also manage it as 
GR blocked stock. 
„ Goods that have been received subject to conditional acceptance (that is, damaged or unexpected 
deliveries) are posted to goods receipt blocked stock: 
y Quantities are posted to stock. 
y The material is not valuated. 
y The transaction is entered in the purchase order history. 
© SAP AG TSCM52 4-8 
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Return to vendor
Release to warehouse
Purchase order
GR blocked
Goods Receipt Blocked Stock and Release
Conditional acceptanceConditional acceptance
(GR blocked stock)(GR blocked stock)
„ Once a material has fulfilled the acceptance conditions, it can be released. It is then valuated 
„ If the goods are to be sent back to the vendor, you can send them back directly from GR blocked 
stock. This creates a material document and updates the purchase order history. 
„ When you release material from GR blocked stock, you can transfer it to the following stocks: 
y Unrestricted-use stock 
y Stock in quality inspection 
y Blocked stock (valuated) 
„ Effects of the release of material from GR blocked stock: 
y Material and financial accounting documents are created. 
y Total valuated stock is updated. 
y Purchase order and purchase order history are updated. 
y The G/L accounts are updated. 
© SAP AG TSCM52 4-9 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Quality inspection indicator is set
In material master
In the purchase order
At goods receipt
Goods receipt
Goods Receipt into Quality Inspection Stock
„ You can post goods receipts from vendors to quality inspection stock for the following reasons: 
y If the material always has to undergo quality