7128_TSCM_52-1ª_parte_(5-7)
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7128_TSCM_52-1ª_parte_(5-7)


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Std price 6.00
Stor. loc. 0002
Quantity 70
Italy
Quantity 30
France
Quantity 40
Stor. loc. 0001
Quantity 30
Italy
Quantity 10
France
Quantity 20
 
 
 
„ The stocks and stock values of split-value materials are cumulated at valuation area level. Moving 
average price control is required for material at valuation area level, because the moving average 
price is used for the entire valuation area. 
„ The system also creates a valuation record containing specific valuation data for each valuation 
category used. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 7-7 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Valuation category Valuation type
Origin0001
Procur.
Quality
USA
Italy
Internal
External
New
Defective
0002
0003
Local Global
Valuation area
Split Valuation
 
 
 
„ If the split valuation function is active, you can valuate partial stocks of a material separately. If you 
want to use split valuation for a material, you enter a valuation category in the accounting data for 
the material. This defines the valuation types that can be specified. A valuation type denotes one of 
the possible partial stocks within a certain valuation type. You can define default valuation types for 
a valuation category. These then influence the user\u2019s input with regard to the valuation type to be 
entered in a purchase order. 
„ When you set up the valuation categories and valuation types, they are initially defined on a global 
basis \u2013 that is, independent of the valuation area. 
„ After that, you have to assign the permissible valuation categories to the valuation areas. As a result, 
the category-specific data (in particular, the valuation categories assigned to this category) is then 
valid locally. 
„ You can change the characteristics of valuation categories and types locally. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 7-8 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
External purchase orders allowed?
Internal purchase orders allowed?
Account category reference
(Mandatory) suggested type in case
of internal/external procurement
Indicator \u201cCreate valuation 
type automatically\u201d
Assignment of categories to
organizational units
Change types/categories locally
Define global typesDefine global types
Define global categoriesDefine global categories
Define local definitionsDefine local definitions
Settings for Split Valuation
 
 
 
„ You define an account category reference for a valuation type. When a master record is created for 
this valuation type, you can choose one of the valuation classes that are allowed for this account 
category reference. 
The R/3 System carries out account determination for movement type transactions relevant for 
financial Accounting using the valuation class in this valuation type record and not using that of the 
material. 
„ If a valuation type specifies that the R/3 System creates valuation types (records), the system 
automatically creates a valuation record for each batch. A valuation category of this type only makes 
sense for materials subject to batch management. 
„ When you assign a valuation category to an organizational unit, the R/3 System automatically 
assigns all valuation types that are globally active for the valuation category to this organizational 
unit. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 7-9 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Mat
M2
Mat
M1
Vendor A
Us/customerUs/customer
MATERIAL STOCKS
SPECIAL STOCK RTP
M1
M2
PALLETS DEL. C
PALLETS DEL. B
PALLETS DEL. A
Returnable Transport Packaging
 
 
 
„ Returnable transport packaging (for example, pallets and containers) is a medium for multiple 
transports of ordered materials between vendors and customers. 
„ Returnable transport packaging belonging to the vendor and situated in the storage area is managed 
as special stock and clearly allocated to the relevant vendor. Because this packaging belongs to the 
vendor, it is not included in the valuated stock. 
„ In addition to material master data, special stock data is necessary to keep returnable transport 
packaging belonging to different vendors separate. 
„ This special stock data is defined at storage location level for each vendor. 
„ The R/3 System creates special stock data the first time you receive returnable transport packaging 
stocks. The data cannot be maintained manually, but is automatically updated with every goods 
movement or inventory. 
„ Returnable transport packaging can only be allocated to \u201cunrestricted use\u201d stock. You cannot take 
samples for quality inspections or create blocked stocks. Depending on how your R/3 System is 
configured, you can have negative stocks. 
„ You can enter \u201cother\u201d goods receipts into returnable transport packaging stock, enter the quantity of 
returnable transport packaging when entering a goods receipt with reference to a purchase order, and 
carry out a transfer posting from one storage location to another (always with reversal and return). 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 7-10 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Handling Units
Handling unit 1234
Packing
Keyboard 03
PC 01
Monitor 02
Mouse 04 Disks 05
 
 
 
„ A handling unit (= package) is the physical combination of materials and consists of: 
y Packing materials (for example, pallet, box, shrink film, container) 
y Goods (that are shipped, stored, consumed, and so forth) 
„ A handling unit has a unique identification number, via which you can read all information about the 
handling unit. 
„ Handling units can also be nested, with the result that several identification numbers are managed 
within the superordinate handling unit. 
„ Handling units are used throughout the logistics process - in Inventory Management, Production, 
Quality Management, Warehouse Management, and SD. 
„ Note: Handling units are dealt with in more detail in the course Lo610 Shipping. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 7-11 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Example: Goods Rcpt Process with Handling Units
Inbound
shipment
Inbound delivery/
shipping notification
with HU no.
Transfer
order/Plcmt
in storage
HU no. 69179
HU no. 69180
Goods receipt
posting HU no. 69179
HU no. 69180
HU no. 69181
HU no. 69181
 
 
 
„ If a goods receipt is to be posted to a storage location that is managed in handling units, you have to 
create an inbound delivery. 
„ Within the inbound delivery, you can now create new handling units or copy existing ones. 
„ The handling units must exist before you create the transfer order for placement into storage. 
„ When the transfer order is confirmed, you can post the goods receipt for the inbound delivery using 
the relevant handling units. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 7-12 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Checklist for Handling Units (1)
You must maintain the following customizing settings:
In the IMG: Logistics - General -> Handling Unit Management
- Basic functions
 \u2022 Basic technical functions
 - Define number ranges for handling units
 \u2022 Define packaging material types
 \u2022 Materials Management
 - HU requirement for storage locations
 
 
 
„ You must make certain settings in customizing in order to be able to use Handling Unit 
Management. 
„ The most important settings are as follows: 
„ You must define at least one internal number range for handling units, as the system assigns an 
internal number when a handling unit is created. (Standard system: number range interval 01). 
„ You must define packaging material types, since handling units consist of packaging material and, 
for example, trading goods. The packaging material type determines, for example, from which plant 
the packaging material comes and which number range interval should be used for number 
assignment. 
„ You must decide which storage locations are to be managed using handling units. You can only set 
a handling unit requirement for storage locations for which no stock has been