7129_TSCM_52-1ª_parte_(8-13
91 pág.

7129_TSCM_52-1ª_parte_(8-13


DisciplinaConsultoria909 materiais3.268 seguidores
Pré-visualização10 páginas
Cycle Counting: Course Overview Diagram
 
 
 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 12-4 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 2002
z In your company, you assign a cycle counting
indicator to materials. These indicators are set
in the material master record through an ABC
analysis. You want to count your A materials
every 30 days. In other cases, you manually
assign a cycle counting indicator to the material
master record. This indicator determines the
intervals at which the physical inventory is
carried out.
Cycle Counting: Business Scenario
 
 
 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 12-5 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 2002
A
B B C
B
A B C D
12 x 6 x 4 x 1 x ...n x
...
Stock:
Indicator:
Number of inventories:
Stock
Plant 0001Plant 0001
Cycle Counting
PhysicalPhysical inv inv..
Cycle Counting
 
 
 
„ Cycle counting is a method of physical inventory whereby material is inventoried at regular intervals 
within a fiscal year. These intervals or cycles depend on the cycle counting indicator set for the 
material. 
„ Cycle counting allows fast-moving items to be counted more frequently than slow-moving items, for 
example. 
„ All materials to be included in the cycle counting inventory are flagged. This is done either 
manually, using a cycle counting indicator in the material master record (storage data), or 
automatically, by means of an ABC analysis. The cycle counting indicator allows you to classify 
materials into individual cycle counting categories (for example: A, B, C, D) In Customizing, you 
can set for each category how often the materials are inventoried. 
 
 
 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 12-6 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 2002
Consumption-based 
analysis
Purchasing
cc- AMaterial
master
data
Material
master
data
Analysis
Reqmnts-based 
analysis
Material Text CC CC
Value Quantity new old
$ pc.
PP-001...
21.500 19.850
PP-008...
20.330 15.100
PP-015...
Plant 0001
No. Text CC CC
Material new old
PP-001... A
PP-008 A A
PP-015 B B
B A
C A
C C
...
1.
2.
Manually
Via report
RMCBIN00
Setting the Indicator
 
 
 
You can flag materials that are to be included in cycle counting as follows: 
-Manually in the material master record (storage data) 
-Automatically using ABC analysis. 
You can use program RMCBIN00 to carry out an ABC analysis, which assigns materials to 
each category according to consumption or requirements. You can choose whether the analysis 
should only include materials with cycle counting indicators or all materials. The cycle counting 
indicator can be automatically updated in ABC analysis. 
 
 
 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 12-7 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 2002
Plant No. inv. Interval Buffer Percent
*0001
0001
0001
0001
A
B
C
D
12
6
3
1
20
41
82
247
5
10
20
50
30
15
05
Number of
phys. invs
per year
Number of
workdays
Number of
workdays
that the
count day
can vary from
the planned
count day
= 100
CC
Indicator
* All materials in plant 0001 with CC indicator A must be counted 12 times 
 per year (every 20 days)
For all new materials in stock, the date when the accounting view
was initialized is relevant.
Batches: The date when the batch was created is relevant.
When is the Next Physical Inventory?
 
 
 
„ To plan the cycle counting inventories, start the RM07ICN1 cycle counting program at regular 
intervals. This program checks the due dates for inventories for all cycle counting materials. 
„ If it is time for an inventory for a certain material, use the program to create a batch input session to 
create physical inventory documents. Physical inventory documents are only created for stock type 1 
(unrestricted use). The planned inventory count date is calculated as follows: 
Date of last inventory + pre-defined interval 
„ The interval between inventories for each cycle counting indicator is set in Customizing. 
„ Use the batch input session to create the physical inventory documents. 
„ Now you can carry out the inventory. When the difference is posted, the actual inventory count date 
is recorded in the material inventory data as the date of the last inventory. 
 
 
 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 12-8 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 2002
z Cycle counting is a method of physical inventory
whereby material is inventoried at regular intervals
within a fiscal year. These intervals or cycles depend
on the cycle counting indicator set for the material.
Cycle Counting: Summary
 
 
 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 12-9 
Cycle Counting: Exercises 
 
 
 
Unit: Cycle Counting 
Topic: Cycle Counting 
 
 
\u2022 Explanation of the cycle counting process 
\u2022 Assigning a cycle counting indicator to a material 
\u2022 Carrying out the cycle counting process 
\u2022 Configuration and settings for cycle counting 
 
 
In your company, materials are grouped in different cycle counting 
categories. You have materials A, B and C. Materials belonging to group 
A are the highest in value and are therefore counted every 30 days. In 
some cases, you manually assign a cycle count category to a material, in 
others, the cycle count program assigns the indicator. 
1-1 Cycle Counting 
1-1-1 Display the settings for cycle counting in Customizing and answer the 
following questions by filling out the table. 
What are the cycle counting indicators for plant 1000? 
How many physical inventories are carried out? 
What is the percentage for each indicator? 
 
 Cycle count. 
indicator 
Number of 
physical 
inventories
Percentage 
 
Plant 1000 
 
 
 
1-1-2 Set the cycle count indicator for material T-AM8## in the material master to 
C. Which view is this field in? 
 
_________________________________ 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 12-10 
1-1-3 Determination of cycle counting indicator 
Carry out this analysis of past consumption values (time period 1 year) for the 
finished products in plant 1000. Choose List display first as the processing 
step! 
What is the suggested new cycle counting indicator for material T-AM8##? 
 _______________________ 
Only change the cycle counting indicator for your material T-AM8##. 
Save the ABC analysis. 
 
 
 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 12-11 
Cycle Counting: Solutions 
 
 
 
Unit: Cycle Counting 
Topic: Cycle Counting 
1-1 Cycle Counting 
1-1-1 Menu path: Tools \u2192 Accelerated SAP \u2192 Customizing \u2192 Edit Projects \u2192 
SAP Reference IMG \u2192 Materials Management \u2192 Inventory Management 
and Physical Inventory \u2192 Physical Inventory \u2192 Cycle Counting 
 Cycle count. 
indicator 
Number of 
physical 
inventories
Percentage 
 A 12 56 
Plant 1000 B 6 28 
 C 3 14 
 D 1 2 
 
1-1-2 In the material master, set the cycle counting indicator for material T-
AM8## to C. 
Menu path: Logistics \u2192 Materials Management \u2192 Material Master \u2192 Material \u2192 
Change \u2192 Immediately 
In which view is the Cycle counting physical inventory field? Storage 1 
 
1-1-3 Determination of cycle counting indicator. 
Carry out this analysis of past consumption values (time period: 1 year) for the 
finished products in plant 1000. Carry out the analysis for previous 
consumption values for raw materials in plant 1000. Choose List display 
first as the processing step! 
What is the new cycle counting indicator for material T-AM8##? Determining 
the new CC indicator depends on the consumptions of this material, for T-
AM8##, \u2018D\u2018 should be the indicator. 
Only change the cycle counting indicator for your material T-AM8##. 
Select your material T-AM8## and choose 'Change CC indicator'. 
Change the indicator to the calculated value. 
Save the ABC analysis. 
 
 
 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 13-1 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 2002
z Inventory Sampling: Preparation
z Inventory Sampling: Procedure
Inventory Sampling
Contents:
 
 
 
 
© SAP AG