7130_TSCM_52-1ª_parte_(14-16)
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7130_TSCM_52-1ª_parte_(14-16)


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© SAP AG TSCM52 15-11 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
DivisionDivision
Valuation level
DivisionDivision
DivisionDivision
DistributionDistribution
channelchannel
Purchasing organizationPurchasing organization 001001
00010001 00020002
Sales organizationSales organization
Plant 1000Plant 1000 Plant 1100Plant 1100
Company code
Organizational Structure of Logistics
Shipping point
0002
Shipping point
0001
Storage location 
0002
Storage location
0001
Stor. location 0003
(WMS warehouse)
 
 
 
„ The valuation level can be the plant (slide = SAP\u2019s recommendation) or the company code. 
„ Purchasing organizations can be active for one or more plants. 
„ Sales organizations can be active for one or more plants. Sales organization, distribution channel, 
and product division are grouped to form a sales area. 
„ You can assign a plant to more than one sales organization/distribution channel combination. 
„ You assign each plant and division to one business area only. 
„ A plant can contain more than one shipping point. You can assign a shipping point to more than one 
plant. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 15-12 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Controlling area
1000
ClientClient
Controlling area
2000
Company
code 1000
Plant 1000Plant 1000
ValuationValuation
area 1000area 1000
ValuationValuation
area 1200area 1200
Plant 1200Plant 1200
ValuationValuation
area 1100area 1100
Plant 1100Plant 1100
ValuationValuation
area 2100area 2100
Plant 2100Plant 2100
ValuationValuation
area 3100area 3100
Plant 3100Plant 3100
Company
code 2000
Company
code 3000
Chart of
accounts
INT
R/3 Organizational Levels: MM and FI
 
 
 
„ The R/3 System differentiates between various organizational units, which have a specific 
significance within each application. 
„ For the purposes of product costing ann PP, it is absolutely essential that there is a separate valuation 
area for each plant. 
„ You always perform value-based inventory management at the level of the valuation area. 
„ Partial stocks of the same material can be subject to split valuation (for example, stocks of a material 
produced in-house can be valuated at a different price to stocks of the same material that were 
procured externally). Split valuation is controlled using the valuation category and valuation type. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 15-13 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Creating a Creating a \u201csingle plant\u201d\u201csingle plant\u201d
Maintain general plant data
Location (city)/street
Country/postal code
Address
Make assignments
e.g.: Plant Î Purchasing organization
Plant Î Company code
Check assignments
Check functional parameters for plant
Check/maintain all plant-dependent 
tables in the application areas.
Copying a Copying a \u201ccomplex plant\u201ccomplex plant\u201d\u201d
Copy the general plant data and check
 Î Location (city)/street
Country/postal code
Address and so on
Copy all assignments
e.g.: Plant Î Purchasing organization
Plant Î Company code
Î Check assignments
Copy the functional parameters
The system copies all plant-dependent
tables in the application areas.
Check if necessary.
Plant 2000
Plant 1000
Creating a New Plant
 
 
 
„ You use the following extended functions to process organizational units: 
y Copy 
y Delete 
y Check 
y Create and process Project IMG view 
 These functions allow you to maintain not only the general plant data (key, description, address, 
country, language, factory calendar, and so on), but also additional plant-dependent table entries. 
„ Project IMG: 
 You use this function to create a new view for a Customizing project. The view that you create 
contains all the activities required to process the organizational unit within the scope of the 
Customizing project. 
The prerequisite for using this function is that you have already created a Customizing project. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 15-14 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Plant
dependent
tables
Plant
dependent
tables
Plant
dependent
tables
Plant
dependent
tables
Plant
dependent
tables
Checking a Plant
 
 
 
„ Checking a plant is a two-step procedure: 
y In the first step, the R/3 System checks if there is an entry in all tables in which the organizational 
unit specified in the table key exists. 
y In the second step, the R/3 System checks if the entry specified also exists in the dependent tables, 
which it checks against the table key. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 15-15 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
z List the most important functions of the MM
organization structures
z Identify the relationships between the MM
organization levels and their environment
z Configure the Logistics (MM) organizational
levels in the Implementation Guide
z Use the plant copying and checking functions
You are now able to:
MM Organizational Levels: Summary
 
 
 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 15-16 
MM Organizational Levels Exercises 
 
 
Unit: MM Organizational Levels 
Topic: Settings for the Enterprise Structure from 
the Materials Management Perspective 
 
 
\u2022 At the end of this exercise, you will be able to:Indentify the 
organizational structures relevant to Materials Management 
\u2022 Explain the reference purchasing organization and how it is 
used to support purchasing 
\u2022 Configure a new plant with storage locations, and maintain the 
assignment to the company code and relevant purchasing 
organizations 
\u2022 Use the plant copy functions 
\u2022 Explain the financial organizational units of company code 
and controlling area and how they relate to a plant 
 
 
Part of your job on the implementation team includes modeling 
the organizational structure of your company for the Logistics 
applications in the R/3 System. It has been determined that 
additional plants need to be created for the implementation. It has 
also been identified that the new plants will benefit if they can 
utilize the existing contracts and pricing negotiated by the global 
purchasing organization. It will be necessary to define the 
organizational assignments for the new plant so that this goal can 
be accomplished. 
1-1 General Relationships 
During consultation on the modeling of the organizational structure, the following 
statements were made. Decide whether they are true or false and give reasons for 
your answers. 
1-1-1 \u201cOne plant can be assigned to several company codes.\u201d 
______________________________________________________ 
______________________________________________________ 
 
1-1-2 \u201cA purchasing organization must always be assigned to a company 
code.\u201d 
______________________________________________________ 
______________________________________________________ 
 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 15-17 
1-1-3 \u201cYou can use the storage location key 0001 more than once.\u201d 
 
______________________________________________________ 
______________________________________________________ 
1-2 Studying the MM Organizational Units 
You are helping to define the organizational units based on the current 
organizational structure of your company. 
In your view, what are the main criteria for defining the following? 
1-2-1 ... A new company code 
______________________________________________________ 
______________________________________________________ 
 
1-2-2 ... A new plant 
______________________________________________________ 
______________________________________________________ 
 
1-2-3 ... A new storage location 
______________________________________________________ 
______________________________________________________ 
 
1-2-4 ... A new purchasing organization 
______________________________________________________ 
______________________________________________________ 
 
1-2-5 ... A new purchasing group