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organizations. Both 
settings are independent of one another. Purchasing groups are created for 
the individual employees to enable definition of user-specific activities 
settings (such as the printer for the purchase order printout, and contact 
person details, telephone number, and fax number on purchasing 
documents). Purchasing groups are assigned to materials through the 
material master record. 
Purchasing organizations are set up as a level for defining conditions (price 
determination) and negotiating outline agreements. 
1-3-10 IMG\u2192 Enterprise Structure \u2192 Assignment \u2192 Controlling \u2192 Assign 
company code to controlling area. 
Controlling area 1000 is responsible for plant TR##. This results from the 
Plant \u2192 Company code 
Company code \u2192 Controlling area. Company code 1000 is assigned to 
controlling area 1000. Therefore, controlling area 1000 is responsible for 
your plant. 
1-3-11 IMG\u2192 Enterprise Structure \u2192 Definition \u2192 Logistics \u2013 General \u2192 
Define, copy, delete, check Plant. 
Choose Copy, delete, check plant 
Select Copy org. object 
Enter from plant 1200 to plant TR## 
Choose Enter 
Select Yes to copy the complete object. 
© SAP AG TSCM52 16-1 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 2002
Inventory Management
z Settings for Goods Movements
z Definition of New Movement Types
© SAP AG TSCM52 16-2 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Inventory Management: Unit Objectives
At the conclusion of this course, you will be able to:
z Create number ranges for material documents
and assign transactions
z Modify the field selection and screen layout for
goods movements
z List the most important characteristics of
movement types
z Define a new movement type and configure
account determination for movement types that
use account grouping
© SAP AG TSCM52 16-3 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 2002
Customizing Inventory Management: Overview
Diagram (III)
Section OverviewSection Overview
Inventory ManagementInventory Management
Master Data in Master Data in 
Materials ManagementMaterials Management
MM Organizational LevelsMM Organizational Levels
© SAP AG TSCM52 16-4 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Inventory Management: Business Scenario
z You have been asked to create a new movement
type for goods issues to cost centers.
z Your company\u2019s aim is to use this movement type
to separate expenses between different G/L
accounts according to certain criteria.
z You want to configure the dynamic availability
check for these new movement types to inform
users of possible unavailability.
z You have been asked to provide an overview of
the configuration of output determination in
Inventory Management.
© SAP AG TSCM52 16-5 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Accounting documentsAccounting documents
Document type
Number range
Number interval
(Dependent on year and company code)
Group 2
(Other goods movements, 
physical inventory differences)
To year: number interval 2
2000: 49 000 000 ---
49 999 999
Transaction type 3
Transaction type 2
Number Assignment for Goods Movements
Transaction type 1
Material documentsMaterial documents
To year: number interval 1
2000: 50 000 000 ---
50 999 999
Group 1
(Goods receipt for purchase order,
goods receipt for order, ...)
„ You must not change the transaction type assigned to a goods movement. 
„ Internal number assignment is defined for material documents. 
„ For Italy, you have the option of defining external or internal number assignment for GR/GI slips. 
© SAP AG TSCM52 16-6 
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Field selection for 
movement type
Field selection rules 
for G/L account
Field selection for:Field selection for:
ggoods issues, transfer postings, other receiptsoods issues, transfer postings, other receipts
Screen Layout for Movement Types
„ The settings made in the Define Screen Layout activity, concerning the field selection for the 
movement type, apply for goods movements and reservations. 
„ You configure the field selection for the fields G/L account and Reason for movement using separate 
„ The field selection for the movement type must not conflict with the settings for field selection for 
the G/L account to be posted to (offsetting entry for inventory posting). 
„ You define the field selection dependent on the G/L account using the field status group in the G/L 
account master. You assign the G/L account-dependent field selection to the company code using the 
field status variant. 
„ In addition, the R/3 System checks if the field selection for the G/L accounts matches the field 
selection for the relevant posting key for the transaction. 
„ In Customizing for Financial Accounting, you can define the field selection for posting keys and for 
the various field status groups. 
„ In particular, you should note that you must define a mandatory entry in the G/L account as a 
mandatory entry for the movement type as well. 
© SAP AG TSCM52 16-7 
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Field Sel. for Goods Movements: Special Aspects
Customizing Enter goods movement
Reason for movement:
- Define key
- Define field selection for 
 each movement type
222 On the Details screen, 
the field \u201cReason for 
movement\u201d is:
- Mandatory entry
- Optional entry
- Suppressed
Configure manual 
account assignment 
for each movement type
111 Account for offsetting entry
for inventory posting is: 
- Mandatory entry
- Optional entry
- Suppressed
„ In the standard system, you can enter the account for the offsetting posting for the inventory posting 
manually when you enter goods movements. In doing this, you change the account number 
assignment predefined in account determination. In the Set Manual Account Assignment activity, you 
define the movement types for which the G/L account is to be available for manual input of the 
offsetting account for the inventory posting. 
„ When entering goods movements (such as in the case of a return delivery of material to the vendor), 
you can specify the reason for performing this movement (such as due to unacceptable quality). 
The R/3 System saves the reason for the movement in the material document. In Inventory 
Management, you can use a report to analyze the material documents for which a reason for the 
movement was specified. 
„ In Customizing, you can do the following for each movement type: 
\u2327 Define whether the field Reason is mandatory, optional, or suppressed for entry 
\u2327 Store a key for explaining the movement (such as reason for return in the case of a return delivery) 
and a relevant text. When entering a goods movement, you can only enter reasons that are defined 
for this movement type. 
© SAP AG TSCM52 16-8 
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Field Selection for Initial Screen/Header Screen
The settings apply to all initial 
screens/header screens (1):
You can have settings apply
under certain conditions,
for example: transaction code
Document date
Document header text
Posting date
Bill of lading
Reason for movement
Delivery note number
Material slip
Modifiable fieldsModifiable fields
Input Reqd Disp. Supp. HiLi.
„ In the case of modifiable fields, you use indicators to define how the individual fields are displayed 
on the screen. You have the following options: 
y The field is ready for input (standard setting). 
y The field requires an entry (mandatory entry). 
y The field is displayed only. 
y The field is suppressed. 
y The field is highlighted. 
„ These settings can apply to the entire client or you can narrow them down using the influencing 
fields. This enables you to define the field as a mandatory entry depending on the transaction or the