7132_TSCM_52-2ª_parte_(6-10)
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7132_TSCM_52-2ª_parte_(6-10)


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The R/3 System posts the price variance to the stock account. 
„ The material price changes: 
y If there is insufficient stock coverage for the invoice quantity, the R/3 System posts the price 
variance to a price difference account. 
y If there is stock coverage for only part of the invoice quantity, the R/3 System distributes the price 
variance proportionally between the stock account and the price difference account. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 6-11 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Quantity and Price Variance
Goods receipt
PO
Goods receiptInvoice
Stock account
GR/IR account
Vendor account
Price differences
 170 +
 170 -110 +
110 -
 
 80 pcs
100 pcs at
2.00 UNI/pc.
Invoice
50 pcs at
2.20 UNI/pc.
= 110 UNI
Invoice
 6 +
104 +
110 -
 
Invoice
50 pcs at
2.20 UNI/pc.
= 110 UNI
 
 
 
„ If the invoice is posted before the goods receipt, the R/3 System posts the invoice value to the GR/IR 
clearing account. This is cleared at goods receipt \u2013 the system makes the offsetting entry to the stock 
account in the case of a material subject to moving average price control. 
„ If the invoice is posted before the goods receipt and the goods receipt quantity is greater than the 
invoice quantity, the quantity that has already been invoiced is valuated at the invoice price \u2013 the 
quantity that has not been invoiced is valuated at the purchase order price. 
„ If the quantity in an invoice is greater than the goods receipt quantity, the R/3 System clears the 
GR/IR clearing account for the part of the invoice quantity that has already been delivered and posts 
a price difference to either the stock account or a price differences account, depending on the price 
control used. It posts the invoice value for the part of the invoice quantity that has not been delivered 
to the GR/IR clearing account. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 6-12 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Goods receipt
Material A
Invoice
Material A
Inspection 
lot
Rejected 
Invoice
Material A
Invoice
Material A
Blocked due to
quality inspection
Inspection 
lot
Usage
decision
Subject to GR check
with invoice block
Inspection 
lot
Accepted
Blocked due to
quality inspection
Usage 
decision
Inspection 
lot
Blocking due to Quality Inspection
 
 
 
„ In the material master record of a material, you define: 
y If a goods receipt for a material is subject to inspection 
In this case, an inspection lot is created for every goods receipt for this material. 
y If an invoice should be blocked due to quality inspection 
In this case, an inspection lot without a usage decision or a rejected inspection lot leads to the R/3 
System blocking the invoice. 
„ The R/3 System sets blocking reason I (quality) for an item in the following cases: 
y Goods-receipt-based invoice verification \u2013 The invoice is blocked if no usage decision has been 
made about the inspection lot for the goods receipt concerned or if the inspection lot has been 
rejected. 
y No goods-receipt-based invoice verification \u2013 The invoice is blocked if no usage decision has been 
made for any inspection lot for the purchase order item or if the inspection lot has been rejected. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 6-13 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Customizing
Amount tolerance limit
Upper limit 1500
OO
blockedblocked
blockedblocked
 4300
Invoice
Material A 1000
Material B 1700
Material C 1600
Blocking due to Amount
 
 
 
„ You can activate the amount check in Customizing for Invoice Verification. For each company code, 
you can set a tolerance limit for the amount check for each individual item. 
„ In Customizing for Invoice Verification, you can also define which purchase orders you want the 
checks to be performed for (according to the item category and the goods receipt indicator). 
„ If an invoice item exceeds the set tolerance, the item is given blocking reason O (other). The entire 
invoice is blocked for payment. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 6-14 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Tolerances
1000
UNI
X
X
X
X
above value
above
above
 10.00
 20.00 %
5.00 %
Tolerances for:
Company code
Amounts in
Absolute lower limit
No check
Check limits
Absolute upper limit
No check
Check limits
Percentage lower limit
No check
Check limits
Percentage upper limit
No check
Check limits
 
 
 
„ You define tolerances in Customizing for: 
y Quantity variances 
y Price variances 
y Purchase order price quantity variances 
y Schedule variances 
„ The R/3 System checks the following value in the case of quantity variance: 
y Purchase order price x quantity variance 
y The greater the purchase order price, the lower the tolerated quantity variance. 
„ The R/3 System checks the following value in the case of schedule variance: 
y Invoice value x days variance 
y The greater the invoice value, the lower the tolerated schedule variance. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 6-15 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
 Material Quantity Amount Ma Purchase order Item
 R244-11 100 4000 4151599003 20 
 R262-10 40 2000 4151599003 50 
Manual Blocking
X
Invoice
for PO 4151599003
100 pcs R244-11 4000.00
 40 pcs R266-10 2000.00
Item list
Payment method _______
Payment block _____
Basic data Details
At item level
At header level
9
Payment
 
 
 
„ You can block each individual invoice item manually, regardless of whether it is blocked for other 
reasons or not. 
„ You set the manual block on the item list. 
„ You can also set a payment block directly on the header screen area, on the tab page "Payment", 
without reference to a particular item. In this case, the system posts the field "Payment block" in the 
MM document and the FI document with the payment block entered. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 6-16 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Block
Invoice value
50%
100%
Threshold value
1000 2000 3000
Invoice
Material A 500
Material B 1000
 1500
Stochastic Blocking
 
 
 
„ Invoices that do not contain a blocking reason can be blocked stochastically (that is, at random). 
„ You set a threshold value and a percentage in Customizing. 
y If the invoice value is greater than or equal to the threshold value, the probability of a block is 
equal to the percentage. 
y If the invoice value is smaller than the threshold value, the R/3 System calculates the probability 
on a proportional basis. 
„ If an invoice is blocked stochastically, the R/3 System sets the payment block in the vendor line item 
in the FI document. The individual items do not contain a blocking indicator. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 6-17 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
z Enter invoices with variances and explain the
circumstances under which the R/3 System blocks
invoices
z Compare the postings for standard and moving
average priced stock materials
You are now able to:
Variances and Blocking Reasons: Summary
 
 
 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 6-18 
Variances and Blocking Reasons: Exercises 
 
 
 
Unit: Variances and Blocking Reasons 
 
 
 
At the end of this exercise, you will be able to: 
\u2022 Enter invoices with variances 
\u2022 Compare the postings for stock materials subject to standard 
price control and moving average price control 
 
 
One vendor sometimes sends an invoice for a higher amount than 
agreed upon in the purchase order. Although you have not yet 
received all the goods relating to one item, the vendor might 
include the entire quantity on the invoice. You need to test 
invoice blocking to be sure that the vendor is not paid until the 
differences have been corrected. You display the account 
movements to see which accounts the R/3 System posts to when 
there are variances. 
1-1 You receive the following invoice from your supplier. Enter