7132_TSCM_52-2ª_parte_(6-10)
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7132_TSCM_52-2ª_parte_(6-10)


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41515081## is 
obviously the purchase order that the invoice refers to. You select the 
purchase order and choose Adopt. The system copies the selected purchase 
order to the invoice verification screen. You choose Enter to make the 
allocation. 
 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 9-16 
 
1-1-2 The account assignment category is displayed in column A (account 
assignment). You can change the account assignment if no valuated goods 
receipts are defined for the purchase order and you are allowed to change 
the account assignment for the account assignment category (Customizing 
setting). You can change the account assignment for the first and third 
items. 
 
1-1-3 When you choose Simulate, a dialog box appears in which you see the 
account movements that will take place when the invoice is posted. 
 
Item Account Amount 
001 Vendor account 187 - 
002 GR/IR clearing account 0 
003 Consumption account 80 
004 GR/IR clearing account 50 
005 GR/IR clearing account 0 
006 Consumption account 40 
007 Tax account 17 
(The zero lines displayed on the GR/IR clearing account are suppressed at 
the time of posting.) 
You choose Post to post the document. A message appears displaying the 
document number. 
 
1-1-4 You can display the invoice document as follows: 
Logistics \u2192 Materials Management \u2192 Logistics 
Invoice Verification \u2192 Document Entry \u2192 Display Invoice 
 
1-2 Logistics \u2192 Materials Management \u2192 Logistics Invoice Verification \u2192 
Document Entry \u2192 Enter Invoice 
 
1-2-1 You enter the following data on the Basic data tab page: 
 
Field name or data type Values 
Document date <today\u2019s date> 
Reference 7002## 
Amount 4180 
Tax amount 380 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 9-17 
You enter the purchase order number as the allocation: 
 
Field name or data type Values 
Purchase order/scheduling 
agreement 
41515082## 
 
1-2-2 On the item list, you click Multiple account assignment for item 10. A 
window appears in which you can enter the account assignment. You enter 
the following data: 
 
Field name or data type Values 
Amount 700 
G/L account 476000 
Cost center 1000 
And in the next line: 
 
Field name or data type Values 
Amount 700 
G/L account 476000 
Cost center 4200 
Tax code 1I 
Select the second item and choose Adopt. 
On the item list, you click Multiple account assignment for item 20. A 
window appears in which you can enter the account assignment. You enter 
the following data: 
 
Field name or data type Values 
Amount 2400 
G/L account 477000 
Cost center 1000 
Choose Adopt. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 9-18 
1-2-3 When you choose Simulate, a dialog box appears in which you see the 
account movements that will take place when the invoice is posted. 
 
Item Account Amount 
001 Vendor account 4180 - 
002 GR/IR clearing account 0 
003 Consumption account 700 
004 GR/IR clearing account 0 
005 Consumption account 700 
006 GR/IR clearing account 0 
007 Consumption account 2400 
008 Tax account 380 
 
(The zero lines displayed on the GR/IR clearing account are suppressed at 
the time of posting.) 
You choose Post to post the document. A message appears displaying the 
document number. 
 
1-2-4 You can display the purchase order as follows: 
Logistics \u2192 Materials Management \u2192 Purchasing \u2192 Purchase order 
\u2192 Display 
In the item details on the Limits tab page, you can display the value invoiced 
so far. 
 
 
 
 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 10-1 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Delivery Costs
z Planned Delivery Costs
z Unplanned Delivery Costs
z Posting Planned and Unplanned Delivery Costs
Contents:
 
 
 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 10-2 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
z Enter planned delivery costs for an invoice
z Enter unplanned delivery costs so that they are
apportioned to the items
At the conclusion of this unit, you will be able to:
Delivery Costs: Objectives
 
 
 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 10-3 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Delivery Costs: Course Overview Diagram
Variances Without 
Reference to an Item
Basic Invoice Verification 
Procedure
Taxes, Cash Discounts, 
and Foreign Currency
Variances and 
Blocking Reasons
Invoice Reduction
Introduction to 
Invoice Verification
Invoices for POs with 
Account Assignment
Delivery Costs
Subsequent 
Debits/Credits
Invoices Without
Reference to POs
§%
 WWW
+ XXXX
+ YYY
= ZZZZ
+
Customs
 WW
+ XX
= ZZ
 WWW
+ XXXX
= ZZZZ
 WWW
+ XXXX
+ YYY
= ZZZZ
 WWW
+ XXXX
+ YYY
= ZZZZ
 
 
 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 10-4 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
z Freight charges are sometimes planned in the
purchase order. More often, they are not known in
detail when the purchase order is created and are
entered only in Invoice Verification on the basis of
information in the invoice. You need to test both
possibilities.
Delivery Costs: Business Scenario
 
 
 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 10-5 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Delivery costsDelivery costs
PO 4500012345
100 pcs 1000 UNI
Freight 2 UNI/pc.
PO 4500023456
100 pcs 1000 UNI
Freight none
PlannedPlanned UnplannedUnplanned
Invoice for
purchase order 4500012345
100 pcs 1000 UNI
Freight 200 UNI
1200 UNI
Invoice for
purchase order 4500023456
100 pcs 1000 UNI
Freight 50 UNI
1050 UNI
Delivery Costs
 
 
 
„ Delivery costs can be divided into: 
y Planned delivery costs 
y Unplanned delivery costs 
„ Planned delivery costs are entered at item level in the purchase order. 
„ Unplanned costs are entered at invoice receipt. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 10-6 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Purchase 
order
Planned delivery costsPlanned delivery costs
FreightFreight CustomsCustoms
Quantity-dependent 
amount
Percentage 
of goods valueFixed amount
Freight forwarding Customs
Planned Delivery Costs
 
 
 
„ Planned delivery costs can be divided into: 
y Freight costs 
y Customs 
„ Delivery costs can be invoiced in the following ways: 
y Fixed amount, independent of scope of supply 
y Quantity-dependent amount 
y Percentage of value of goods to be delivered 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 10-7 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Purchase order: 100 pcs at 1.30 UNI/pc.
Planned delivery costs:
Freight 0.10 UNI/pc.
Customs duty 6.00 UNI
Goods
receipt Invoice
Goods receipt for this purchase order: 100 pcs
Invoice: 100 pcs at 1.30 UNI/pc. = 130 UNI
plus Freight 0.10 UNI/pc. = 10 UNI
 Customs duty = 6 UNI
146 UNI
Account Movements with Planned Delivery Costs
Stock account
GR/IR account
Vendor account
Freight clearing
Customs clearing
146 +
130 -
 10 -
 6 -
130 +
146 -
 10 +
 6 +
 
 
 
„ For planned delivery costs, the R/3 System makes postings to a clearing account at goods receipt. 
There are separate accounts for costs of different origins. 
„ These postings are cleared when the invoice is posted. 
„ If the delivery costs in the invoice differ from the planned delivery costs, the R/3 System posts the 
differences in the same way as it posts normal price and quantity variances. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 10-8 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
 Price
variance
Customizing
Reference to
purchase order
automatic
Posting to
separate G/L account
Distribution to
invoice items
Invoice
Delivery
costs
Unplanned Delivery Costs
 
 
 
„ In Customizing for Invoice Verification, you configure whether the R/3 System is to distribute 
unplanned delivery costs among the items or post the costs to a separate G/L account. 
„ If the R/3 System distributes unplanned delivery costs among the items, it treats them in the same 
way as price differences. However, it does not check the price after distributing the delivery costs. 
„ If the R/3 System