7135_TSCM_52-2ª_parte_(22)
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7135_TSCM_52-2ª_parte_(22)


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order for raw
material MAT 1 in plant 1100
Implementation: Example 1
The valuation grouping code must be activated.
Different valuation grouping codes are assigned to
plants 1000 and 1100.
 
 
 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 22-19 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
400 INT
Client C/accts AG V classTransaction VM
VBR 3000GBB 0001 400 000 400 000
G/L acct CREDITG/L acct DEBIT
400 INT --- 3000PRD 0001 231 000 281 000
400 INT --- 3000WRX 0001 191 100 191 100
400 INT --- 3000BSX 0001 300 000 300 000
Influencing factor: Material/Material Type
Valuation Class
Î Key for account determination that enables a differentiation for G/L account
assignment depending on the material
Î You assign materials to a valuation class for each valuation area on the
Accounting view.
Î You can use the assignment of allowed valuation classes to the material type
(indirectly) to enter restrictions.
 
 
 
„ The valuation class is a key for grouping materials that have the same account determination. If 
different accounts are to be posted according to valuation class in a transaction, the account 
determination for this transaction is to be set as dependent on the valuation class. 
„ The allowed valuation classes depend on the material type. More than one valuation class can be 
allowed for a material type. 
„ More than one material type can be allowed for a valuation class. 
„ The relationship between valuation classes and material types is established by the account category 
reference. The account category reference is a compilation of valuation classes. A material type is 
assigned to only one account category reference. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 22-20 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Option 1
FERT
HIBE
ROH
Option 2
FERT
HIBE
ROH
Option 3
Mat. 2
ROH
Grouping of Materials
Mat. 5
Mat. 6
Mat. 3
Mat. 4
Mat. 1
Mat. 2 Acct 1
Mat. 5
Mat. 6
Mat. 3
Mat. 4
Mat. 1
Mat. 2
Acct 2
Acct 3 Acct 2
Acct 1 Acct 1Mat. 1
Acct 2
 
 
 
„ You can configure the G/L account determination uniformly for all materials belonging to a material 
type or even for several material types. 
„ However, you can also define that the R/3 System is to determine different G/L accounts for 
different materials belonging to a single material type. 
„ You can also combine options two and three, that is: 
y Group several material types 
y Assign different G/L accounts to different materials within this group 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 22-21 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Material Type and Valuation Class
ROHROH
HIBEHIBE
PIPEPIPE
COMPCOMP
ERSAERSA
HALBHALB
FERTFERT
PROCPROC
00010001
00030003
00080008
00090009
30003000
30013001
30023002
......
30403040
79007900
79107910
79207920
Account categoryAccount category
referencereference Valuation classValuation classMaterial typeMaterial type
 
 
 
„ The account category reference is the grouping term for account determination based on the material 
type. 
„ You can assign more than one valuation class to an account category reference. 
„ You assign each material type that is subject to quantity-based and value-based inventory 
management to an account category reference (mandatory). 
When you maintain the accounting data for a material of this material type, you can choose one of 
the valuation classes defined for the corresponding account category reference. 
The R/3 System determines the G/L account for this material according to the settings for this 
valuation class. 
„ If a material is subject to split valuation, the R/3 System determines the account using the valuation 
class for the valuation type record (see information later in this unit). 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 22-22 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Implementation: Example 2
Transaction Posting recordPosting record
Posting a goods issue for a
production order for raw
material MAT 1 in plant 1000
Posting a goods issue for a
production order for raw
material MAT 2 in plant 1000
Posting a goods issue for a
production order for auxiliary
material MAT 3 in plant 1000
400100 to 300100:400100 to 300100:
100.00100.00
400010 to 300000:400010 to 300000:
100.00100.00
400020 to 300000:400020 to 300000:
100.00100.00
You have allowed (at least) two valuation classes for material
type ROH. Materials MAT 1 and MAT 2 are assigned to
different valuation classes.
Auxiliary material MAT 3 is assigned to a different valuation
class (possibly with its own account category reference).
 
 
 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 22-23 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
400 INT
Client C/accts AG V classTransactn VM
VBR 3000GBB 0001 400 000 400 000
G/L acct CREDITG/L acct DEBIT
400 INT --- 3000PRD 0001 231 000 281 000
400 INT --- 3000WRX 0001 191 100 191 100
400 INT --- 3000BSX 0001 300 000 300 000
Influencing Factor: Business Transaction (1)
Transaction
Î Key for account determination that symbolizes the business transaction
Î Posting transactions for MM are fixed. You use the transaction key to control
if the R/3 System is to make a posting to a stock account, a price difference
account, a GR/IR clearing account, and so on.
 
 
 
„ In the R/3 System, posting transactions are defined for each transaction in Materials Management 
that is relevant for Accounting. General posting records are assigned to each transaction or event in a 
\u201cvalue string\u201d. 
„ Instead of definite G/L account numbers, this value string contains transaction keys for the relevant 
posting transaction. The first transaction key for a posting rule usually stands for the debit posting. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 22-24 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
G/L account number
Inventory
Management
Invoice
Verification
Posting string
for values
Transaction
TransactionTransaction
MaterialMaterial
Account Determination Process in MM
300000 281000
BSX PRD
 
 
 
„ The posting transactions for the transactions in Inventory Management and Invoice Verification that 
are relevant for accounting are fixed. Posting records are assigned to each relevant movement type in 
Inventory Management and to each transaction in Invoice Verification. These posting records are 
generalized in a value string (posting rule). Instead of fixed G/L account numbers, this contains keys 
for the respective posting transaction (such as BSX for a stock posting and PRD for a price 
difference posting). 
„ You do not need to define these transaction keys, the R/3 System determines them from the 
transaction (in Invoice Verification) or from the movement type (in Inventory Management). You 
only need to assign to each posting transaction the account to which it is posted. 
„ You can see the assignments of value strings to goods movements and the breakdown of the value 
string into transaction keys in Customizing for Inventory Management and Physical Inventory, but 
you can not change them. 
„ In Customizing for Valuation and Account Assignment, you specify G/L accounts for the various 
posting transactions. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 22-25 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Determining the Value String for Goods Movements
Input/
internal
Material
Input/
internal
Transaction
Purchase order
type/
internal
Acct assgt
category
Material type
Movement type
Value
update
Special stock
indicator
Movement
indicator
Inward
mvmt type
Consumption
indicator
Quantity
update
Value
string
Transaction
key
Transaction
key
used
Specific
process
11
22
33
44
NN
11
22
33
 
 
 
„ The R/3 System automatically determines the value string assigned to a specific transaction. It 
depends partly on entered parameters manually and partly on parameters derived internally by the 
system. 
„ The value string contains all posting transactions that are possible for a certain transaction. The 
program decides which