7135_TSCM_52-2ª_parte_(22)
70 pág.

7135_TSCM_52-2ª_parte_(22)


DisciplinaConsultoria817 materiais2.953 seguidores
Pré-visualização10 páginas
of these posting transactions lead to G/L account postings in individual 
cases. You cannot define this in Customizing. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 22-26 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Transaction Posting recordPosting record
Implementation: Example 3
Posting a goods receipt for a
purchase order for raw 
material MAT 1 in plant 1000
Posting a price change
for raw material MAT 1 in 
plant 1000
300000 to 282000:300000 to 282000:
100.00100.00
300000 to 191100:300000 to 191100:
100.00100.00
The two transactions are assigned to different value strings
(WE01 and RE05).
Value string WE01, for the goods receipt for a purchase order
into stock, contains transactions BSX and WRX.
Value string RE05 contains transactions BSX and UMB.
 
 
 
„ The goods receipt posting in the example in the slide illustrates a receipt into stock for a purchase 
order item of item category \u201cstandard\u201d and not subject to account assignment. Value string WE01 is 
assigned to this business transaction. The next slide contains the transaction key assigned to this 
value string. 
„ The transaction keys listed are: 
y BSX For (all) postings to stock accounts 
y WRX For postings to the GR/IR clearing account that result from goods receipts and invoice 
 receipts 
y UMB For the offsetting entry for the price change (account for revaluation) 
„ The documentation for the Customizing activity Configure Automatic Postings contains more 
extensive information on all of the SAP transaction keys. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 22-27 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
WE01
Value Strings Example 1: WE01
 BSX WRX PRD KDM EIN BSV FRL FRN BSX EKG UMB
 
 
 
„ In the standard system, value string WE01 is assigned to goods receipts (and also cancellations and 
return deliveries) for Standard and Subcontracting purchase order items without account assignment 
concerning valuated material into stock. 
„ In the case of (valuated) goods receipts for purchase order items not subject to account assignment, 
post the items to a stock account using the transaction key BSX and make an offsetting entry to a 
GR/IR clearing account. 
„ A price difference posting (transaction key PRD) is only used if the valuated material is subject to 
standard price control and if the order price (or invoice price) is different from the standard price. 
„ Transaction key KDM is required in Inventory Management for purchase orders in foreign 
currencies because of differences in exchange rates between goods receipts and invoice receipts, 
unless the material can not be debited or credited because it is subject to standard price control. 
„ The transaction keys EIN and EKG (and possibly FRE \u2013 see account determination for delivery 
costs) are only used in company codes where purchase account management is active (as required in 
France and Belgium for example). 
„ The transaction keys BSV, FRL, and FRN are only used for the Subcontracting item category. 
„ The explanations for transaction key BSX and transaction key UMB can be found on the next slide. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 22-28 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Value Strings Example 2: WA14
 BSX PRD BSX UMB
WA14
 
 
 
„ Value string WA14 is defined for deliveries without charge (movement type 511). 
„ The following scenarios are possible: 
y Delivery without charge for material subject to moving average price control 
\u2192 No accounting document 
y Delivery without charge for material subject to standard price control (and if the posting date is in 
the previous period \u2013 standard price in the posting period = standard price in the current period) 
 \u2192 Inventory posting (receipt at standard price) and offsetting entry to price differences account 
y Delivery without charge for material subject to standard price control, with posting date in the 
previous period and the standard price in the posting period is different to the standard price in the 
current period 
 \u2192 Inventory posting (receipt at standard price) and offsetting entry to price differences account 
(posting in the previous period) 
\u2192 Stock correction posting and Revenue/expense from revaluation (posting in the current period) 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 22-29 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
 BSX GBB PRD BSX UMB
WA01
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Value Strings Example 3: WA01
 
 
 
„ In the standard system, value string WA01 is assigned to goods issues and other goods receipts. The 
R/3 System uses an additional influencing factor, account grouping, to differentiate further between 
the various movements during account determination. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 22-30 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
400 INT
Client C/accts AG V classTransaction VM
VBR 3000GBB 0001 400 000 400 000
G/L acct CREDITG/L acct DEBIT
400 INT --- 3000PRD 0001 231 000 281 000
400 INT --- 3000WRX 0001 191 100 191 100
400 INT --- 3000BSX 0001 300 000 300 000
Influencing Factor: Business Transaction (2)
Account Grouping
Î Key for account determination that enables a G/L account assignment
differentiation for the offsetting entry for an inventory posting (transaction BSX)
and possibly other transactions
Î Depending on the movement type and the special stock indicator, you can assign
an account grouping (any account grouping) for individual transactions (such as
GBB, PRD, ...).
 
 
 
„ Since you use the posting transaction Offsetting entry for inventory posting for various transactions 
(such as goods issue, scrap, physical inventory), and these transactions should be assigned to 
different accounts (such as consumption accounts, scrap accounts, expense/revenue from physical 
inventory differences), it is essential to subdivide the posting transaction according to another key - 
the account grouping. 
„ Account grouping is a key that allows you to subdivide number assignments for each transaction key 
in account determination. 
„ In Materials Management in the standard system, account grouping is only active for transaction key 
GBB (Offsetting entry for inventory posting). 
„ You assign an account grouping to each movement type in Inventory Management that uses the 
posting transaction Offsetting entry for inventory posting. 
„ As well as the Offsetting entry for inventory posting, you can also use account grouping for other 
transactions (such as price differences) for further differentiation of account number assignments, 
depending on the movement type, if required in your company. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 22-31 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
ExamplePrinciple
Value string
Account grouping
Transaction 1
Transaction n
Goods issue
to
cost center
BSX GBB PRD BSX UMB
Transaction Keys and Account Grouping
WA01
VBR
Transaction in
Inventory
Management
or Invoice
Verification
PRA
 
 
 
„ The value strings contain keys for the posting transactions that can lead to G/L account updates in 
the case of a posting relevant for Accounting. SAP predefines these value strings. 
„ You can configure the automatic postings depending on the other influencing variables for each of 
these posting transactions. 
„ You can differentiate between certain posting transactions on a transaction-specific basis using an 
account grouping code. 
„ You can change the account grouping for transactions in Inventory Management, depending on the 
movement type and other indicators (for example, special stock indicators). 
„ The account grouping cannot be changed for transactions in Invoice Verification 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 22-32 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Implementation: Example 4
Transaction Posting recordPosting record
Posting a goods issue for a
production order for raw
material MAT 1 in plant 1000
400010 to 300000:400010 to 300000:
100.00100.00
Posting a goods issue to