7135_TSCM_52-2ª_parte_(22)
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7135_TSCM_52-2ª_parte_(22)


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make the system settings for automatic 
postings by answering the wizard\u2019s questions. You can call up additional information by selecting 
About Recommendations and About R/3 Significance. Depending on the answers you give, the R/3 
System calls up the relevant Customizing tables. 
„ With the exception of a few restrictions (which are explained in the wizard), you can use the wizard 
to call up the following functions: 
y Display or maintain company codes, plants, and material types (prerequisite) 
y Select the material types to be used 
y Configure purchase account management (only required for certain countries, such as France, 
Belgium, and Spain) 
y Group valuation areas 
y Define rules for stock postings and other postings 
y Define valuation classes 
y Assign stock accounts 
y Assign the other G/L accounts depending on the business transaction involved 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 22-41 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
 WE Goods receipt
Document typeDocument type DescriptionDescription
Document Types for Accounting Documents
Required during document entryRequired during document entry
Number range 50
Reversal document type __
Authorization groups ____
PropertiesProperties
; Assets
… Customer
… Vendor
; Material
; G/L account
Account types allowedAccount types allowed
… Net document type
… Customer/vendor check
; Negative postings allowed
… Inter-company postings
… G/L account
… Trading partner can be entered
… SAP billing document
… Doc. type for subseq. adjust.
ControlControl
Special usageSpecial usage
Default valuesDefault values
Joint ventureJoint venture
 
 
 
„ The document type is a two-character alphanumeric code that provides a system for the filing of 
documents. 
„ You assign one number range to each document type. 
„ You select account types that may be used with the document type when entering documents. 
„ By assigning an authorization group, you can make the document type accessible only to certain 
users. 
„ The document type determines whether net posting is defined for the documents (for example, 
standard document type RN for \u201cNet invoice receipt\u201d and WN for \u201cNet goods receipt\u201d). 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 22-42 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
10001000
10001000 12001200
Company code
0101
nnnn
0202
0404 0303
Number range
Valid until
Interval
Number level
External
Materials Management 
transaction
Number Assignment for Accounting Docs from MM
Doc. type
 
 
 
„ You can change the accounting document type assigned to an MM transaction. However, the defined 
document type must allow the account types required for the transaction (for example, A = Asset, M 
= Material, S = G/L account). 
„ The number assignment is configured for each company code and can be linked to the fiscal year. No 
buffer is used in the numbering of accounting documents so that numbers are assigned without any 
gaps. 
„ The number range defines: 
\u2327 Whether number assignment is external or internal (in the case of goods movements, only internal 
number assignment is possible) 
y The interval from which the number is assigned. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 22-43 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Valuation and Account Assignment: Summary
You are now able to:
z List the organizational levels that are important for
material valuation
z List the influencing factors and their grouping
characteristics, upon which the settings for
automatic postings depend
z Outline the account determination process
z Configure account determination for certain
Materials Management transactions
z Use the simulation function
 
 
 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 22-44 
Valuation and Account Assignment Exercises 
 
 
 
Unit: Valuation and Account Assignment 
Topic: Influence of Valuation Level and Valuation 
Area 
 
 
At the end of this exercise, you will be able to: 
\u2022 Determine the valuation level 
\u2022 Configure valuation control 
\u2022 Group the valuation areas 
 
 
 
As subproject leader for the Logistics applications, you are also 
responsible for the account determination settings. You must 
ensure that the G/L accounts that Accounting predefines for you in 
accordance with the template are assigned for automatic postings. 
Your first consideration should be the organizational structure for 
automatic postings. 
1-1 Valuation Level 
During consultation on the modeling of the organizational structure, the following 
statements were made. Decide whether they are true or false and give reasons for 
your answers. 
1-1-1 You can change material valuation levels in the production system as 
often as you want. 
______________________________________________________ 
______________________________________________________ 
 
1-1-2 You must set material valuation at company code level if you are using 
the component Production Planning (PP). 
______________________________________________________ 
______________________________________________________ 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 22-45 
1-2 Influencing Factor \u201cOrganizational Level\u201d 
1-2-1 Decide whether the following statement is true or false and give reasons 
for your answer. 
Account determination is always done on a plant-specific basis. 
______________________________________________________ 
______________________________________________________ 
 
1-2-2 Decide whether the following statement is true or false and give reasons 
for your answer. 
You can assign only one chart of accounts for each company code. 
______________________________________________________ 
______________________________________________________ 
 
1-2-3 Explain the concept of the valuation grouping code and its use. 
______________________________________________________ 
______________________________________________________ 
1-3 Customizing Settings 
1-3-1 Find out if the valuation level in the training system is set at company code 
level or plant level. 
What consequences does this have? 
Which valuation area is assigned to plant 1000? 
______________________________________________________ 
______________________________________________________ 
 
1-3-2 Find out which chart of account is used in company code 1000. 
______________________________________________________ 
 
1-3-3 Find out if the valuation grouping code is active in the training system. 
What consequences does this have? 
______________________________________________________ 
______________________________________________________ 
 
1-3-4 Which valuation grouping code is assigned to valuation area 1000? Write 
down this valuation grouping code. 
Valuation area 1000: ____________________________________________ 
 
 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 22-46 
1-3-5 Is this valuation grouping code assigned to other valuation areas as well? 
What is the result of this? 
______________________________________________________ 
______________________________________________________ 
 
1-3-6 What do you do if, for your new plant TR##, you want to use: 
a) The same G/L account assignment as for plant 1000? 
______________________________________________________ 
______________________________________________________ 
 
b) A different G/L account assignment than that used for plant 1000 for selected 
business transactions? 
______________________________________________________ 
______________________________________________________ 
 
1-3-7 Define a new valuation grouping code for your new plant TR##. Use the 
valuation grouping code BM##. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 22-47 
Exercises 
 
 
 
Unit: Valuation and Account Assignment 
Topic: Influence of Material and Material Type 
 
 
At the end of this exercise, you will be able to: 
\u2022 Check the grouping of material types for account 
determination