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GR/IR clearing: ______________________________________ 
© SAP AG TSCM52 22-53 
Unit: Valuation and Account Assignment 
Topic: Business Transaction 
At the end of this exercise, you will be able to: 
\u2022 Establish the account groupings that play a role in a business 
transaction in Inventory Management 
\u2022 Check which G/L accounts are assigned for which goods 
movements (goods issues, other receipts) 
While checking the different business transactions in the IDES 
system by posting various goods withdrawals, you become aware 
that not every goods issue posting for your demonstration 
material is updated on the same consumption account. You want 
to analyze more closely the options for making the assignment to 
different accounts, depending on the movement type. 
4-1 Account Grouping 
4-1-1 In contrast to the postings to a stock account for issues and receipts, 
which are clearly defined from a business viewpoint, the offsetting entries can be 
posted to various expense and revenue accounts. How do you implement this in the 
SAP System? 
4-1-2 Which account grouping does the system use for goods issues to a cost 
center? Here you should note only goods withdrawals from the company's own 
valuated stock (the indicators for value and quantity update are set, and there is no 
special stock indicator). 
4-1-3 For goods issues in plant 1000 using movement type 201 with value and 
quantity updating active and no special stock indicator, assign consumption account 
400550 for both debit and credit postings for materials belonging to valuation class 
BK##. This entry is for the GBB offsetting posting, using account grouping VBR. 
© SAP AG TSCM52 22-54 
4-1-4 Check the account determination using the simulation function for 
posting a goods issue to a cost center for your material (created in 2-2-4) in plant 
Inventory posting: ______________________________________ 
Offsetting entry: ______________________________________ 
4-1-5 Extend your purchase order from the last exercise by adding your 
material (created in 2-2-4) with valuation class BK##. Use the standard item 
category and account assignment category K. Use cost center 1000. 
Does the system propose a G/L account for the consumption posting? 
© SAP AG TSCM52 22-55 
Unit: Valuation and Account Assignment 
Topic: Set Up Account Determination for a 
New Valuation Area 
At the end of this exercise, you will be able to: 
\u2022 Configure and check the account determination for a new plant 
Based on your analyses, your company has decided to assign 
different G/L accounts for various transactions in plant TR## to 
those for the same transactions in plant 1000. 
You have already prepared for this by assigning a separate 
valuation grouping code, BM##, to your plant TR##. However, 
no G/L accounts are assigned for your valuation grouping code 
Of course, you have to check and configure all the transactions in 
your project, but you will only do this for a few transactions here. 
5-1 Account Determination for a New Plant 
 In plant TR##, the system updates the following G/L accounts during the 
transactions dealt with in exercise 3 (BSX, PRD, WRX): 
 Account for transaction 
class Stock account Price differences
GR/IR clearing 
 3000 300550 231550 / 281550 191100 
 BK## 300550 231550 / 281550 191100 
 7900 790550 231500 / 281500 191100 
5-1-1 How can you configure the account determination for plant TR## for 
the transactions of inventory posting, price differences, and GR/IR clearing without 
changing the account determination for plant 1000. 
© SAP AG TSCM52 22-56 
5-1-2 Configure the account determination for plant TR## for the transactions 
inventory posting, price differences and GR/IR clearing, using the GL accounts 
listed in 5-1. 
5-1-3 To check these settings, simulate a goods receipt for a purchase order 
into stock in plant TR## with the three valuation classes specified. 
Note only the three transactions specified, BSX, PRD, and WRX, and ignore the 
other transactions that are displayed. 
Does the program find the accounts specified in activity 5-1 for the three 
5-1-4 Extend material T-T1## and, if you have not done so already, and your 
material with valuation class BK## (created in 2-2-4) by the views Purchasing 1 
and Accounting 1 for plant TR## (price control S, valuation price 10.00 
5-1-5 Extend your purchase order (created in 3-1-6) by a standard item 
without account assignment for both your material (created in 2-2-4) and the 
material T-T1##, both for plant TR##. Order a quantity of 10 each, with a 
purchase order price of 12.00 each. 
 Purchase order number: _______________________________________ 
Post the goods receipt for the open purchase order items. Display the material 
document and the accounting document. 
Material document number: ___________________________________ 
Verify the account numbers determined for these items are identical to those you 
entered in 5-1-2. 
© SAP AG TSCM52 22-57 
Valuation and Account Assignment Solutions 
Unit: Valuation and Account Assignment 
Topic: Influence of Valuation Level and 
Valuation Area 
1-1 Valuation Level 
1-1-1 False, since this could lead to inconsistencies, or you might have to 
\u201cconvert\u201d material accounting data and documents, which is a time-
consuming task. 
1-1-2 False, the use of Production Planning requires the valuation area to be set at 
the plant level. 
1-2 Influencing Factor \u201cOrganizational Level\u201d 
1-2-1 False, since you can only assign the accounts on a plant-specific basis if the 
following conditions are met: 
- The valuation level is the plant. 
- The valuation grouping code is activated. 
- A valuation grouping code is assigned to each plant. 
1-2-2 True, a company code can only be assigned to one chart of account. 
1-2-3 The valuation grouping code is used for valuation-area-specific 
differentiation during automatic account determination. At the same time, it 
allows you to arrange and group together valuation areas for account 
determination and General Ledger account assignment. 
1-3 Customizing Settings 
1-3-1 Choose Enterprise Structure \u2192 Definition \u2192 Logistics \u2013 General \u2192 
Define Valuation Level. 
The valuation level is defined at plant level and cannot be changed again. 
This means that material valuation is plant-specific, therefore account 
determination can be configured on a plant-specific basis. 
The valuation area key is always the same as the plant key. 
Plant 1000 is Valuation area 1000 
1-3-2 Choose SAP Reference IMG 
Financial Accounting \u2192 Financial Accounting Global Settings \u2192 
Company Code \u2192 Enter Global Parameters. 
 Select company code 1000 
 Choose Details 
Company code 1000 uses chart of accounts INT. 
© SAP AG TSCM52 22-58 
1-3-3 Choose Materials Management \u2192 Valuation and Account Assignment 
\u2192 Account