7136_TSCM_52-2ª_parte_(23)
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7136_TSCM_52-2ª_parte_(23)


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and processes of the R/3 System. 
y It reduces the risks and effort involved in the requirements analysis and in setting up the 
conceptual design. 
y To set the scope of the business process requirements and thus for R/3 customizing required. 
„ In addition to the SAP Reference Structure in the Q&Adb, there is also another representation of the 
R/3 system provided in the R/3 system itself. this is R/3 software component oriented rather than 
business process oriented, and is used for customizing. The structure here is the Reference IMG. It 
contains all Customizing activities needed to customize the R/3 System. 
„ The SAP Reference structure is most important in requirements gathering in the Business Blueprint 
phrase. The Reference IMG is then used in the Realization phase to customize the R/3 system as 
required to \u201ctranslate\u201d business requirements defined and agreed in the Business Blueprint phase. 
 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 23-24 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 2001
+
+
Development
Basis Components
+ Training and Documentation
+ User Roles
SAP Reference Structure: Process View
+
+
+
+
+
SAP Reference Structure
Cross-Application Components
Business Processes
Master Data
General Settings
Organization
+ mySAP.com
+ KPI
+ Business Strategy
 
 
 
„ The SAP Reference Structure is a hierarchical structure containing all the elements that you need to 
create your Business Blueprint. It contains substructures with structure items such as enterprise 
areas, scenarios, process groups, processes and objects. These structure items are in turn assigned 
associated items, such as questions, IMG activities and organizational units. 
„ The SAP Reference Structure helps you to identify and select your enterprise\u2019s specific needs from 
the available SAP functions. These can then be mapped to your SAP System. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 23-25 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 2001
KnowledgeMapKnowledgeMap
MatrixMatrix
SAP Reference Structure: Graphical Representation
SAP Reference Structure
+ Business Processes
Q&Adb
EPCEPC
Aris for R/3 (IDS)
ERP Modeler (CASE wise)
Live Model (Intellicorp)
Diagram Explorer
Delivered with ASAP
changechange
displaydisplay
 
 
 
„ In order to perform a qualified gap analysis, enterprises may have to document the requirements that 
are not included in the standard solution in the form of a model. These models can be created using 
the modeling tools of SAP's technology partners and used as templates for customer developments. 
„ Options you have for launching diagrams: 
y Diagram Explorer delivered by SAP 
y A modeling tool (which you purchase and install separately) 
„ During ASAP installation, you have the option to install the Diagram Explorer provided on the CD. 
„ Before launching diagrams, you need to specify in your user profiles which modeling tool you are 
going to use. 
 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 23-26 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
+
SAP Reference IMG
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
Implementation Guide for R/3 Customizing
+
Basis Components
...
Quality Management
Materials Management
Logistics - General
...
Financial Accounting
Cross-Application Components
Enterprise Structure
Global Settings
Customizing
Activities
 
 
 
„ The Reference IMG (component view) contains all the Customizing activities defined in the R/3 
System. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 23-27 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 1999
Customer Specific Configuration of the IMG
Project
IMGs
Project
IMG
Views
Customizing
Transactions
Project
Documentation
Project
Management
SAP
Reference
IMG
Generate
Project IMG
Views
Customizing
Projects
Manually
Generate
IMG Link
Save
 
 
 
„ For the realization, you can divide the scope of the Reference IMG into different projects, which are 
assigned in turn to individual Project IMGs. 
„ Once created, the Project IMG is populated to produce one or more \u201cviews\u201d. You can create views to 
specify how your Project IMGs are structured. You use the Project IMG to work on Customizing 
transactions, project and cross-project documentation, as well as project management information. 
Do this for each view and/or all views combined. 
„ With Release 4.6, you can create Project views via the IMG link. This functionality transports the 
Project Scope which is defined in the Question and Answer database (Q&Adb) to the R/3 System. 
The views generated by the IMG link contain the Customizing activities assigned to the processes 
that have been put in scope in the Q&Adb. 
„ The IMG link does not create a Project IMG. This must be created beforehand in the R/3 System. 
The IMG link is used to generate and view processes which are assigned, processes which are not 
assigned, or entire Project IMG views of existing IMG projects. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 23-28 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 2001
Transporting IMG Settings
SAP 
System
Development
Customizing
SAP (Targ.)
System
Production
SAP 
System
Client zxxzxx
Client yxxyxx
Client xxxxxx
XXX
Development
Customizing
Training
automatic
system setting
recording
automatic
system setting
recording
automatic
system setting 
recording
automatic
system setting 
recording
Tool
Transport
Management
System
Client
Copy
Function
 
 
 
„ The Change and Transport System (CTS) manages the transport requests in the R/3 System in 
relation to an assigned Customizing Project. 
„ In the Transport Mánagement System (TMS), you can use the transport requests to copy SAP 
objects from one system, such as the development system, to a target system, such as the 
production system. 
„ You can also use the client copy function to copy SAP objects from one client (e.g. development 
client) to another client (e.g. training client) of the system as defined by a transport request. 
„ The system settings of the Customizing transactions are automatically recorded in transport requests. 
It is assumed that the client has been set correctly. 
 
 
 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 23-29 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 2001
Tools for R/3 Project Documentation
Business Navigator
SAP
script
IMG
Fiscal year
...
...
Financial accounting
Diagram Explorer
(Intellicorp)
External modeling tools
for graphical process
modeling
ASAP Roadmap
 
 
 
„ With the documentation for the ASAP Roadmap, SAP provides information about which 
documentation tools can be used for which project activities. 
„ The following tools are provided for the R/3 implementation: 
y Implementation Assistant (e.g. Q&Adb, Issue DB) for request analysis, problem documentation 
and end-user and Project documentation 
y External modeling tools for graphical process modeling 
y IMG Documentation for Customizing settings: 
- Microsoft Word or SAPscript editors are used for documenting the Customizing settings 
- Forms are available for Microsoft Word documentation 
- It is possible to create multiple documents for each setting 
- The documentation is: 
Cross-client 
Transportable 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 23-30 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 2001
z Describe ASAP within SAP Services
z Outline the purpose, functions, and deliverables of
ASAP
You are now able to:
AcceleratedSAP Overview: Unit Summary
 
 
 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 23-31 
Exercises 
 
 
 
Unit: AcceleratedSAP Overview 
Topic: Implementation Assistant 
 
 
At the conclusion of this exercise, you will be able to: 
\u2022 Navigate the Implementation Assistant 
 
 
 
 
You understand the purpose and function of the ASAP 
Implementation Assistant and now need to practice navigating its 
structure in preparation to bringing to bear ASAP methodology on 
to your SAP implementation project. 
Before starting, set all structure