7138_TSCM_52-2_ª_parte_(24)
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7138_TSCM_52-2_ª_parte_(24)


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E-MSG 
MÁSTER EN SOFTWARE DE GESTIÓN DE EMPRESA 
SAP R/3 
 
2003-2004 
Certificación MM (7138) 
Xavier Rovira-Juan Carlos Sarrasi
TSCM 52-2ª parte (24-2) 
 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 24-91 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 2001
Phase 3: Realization - Work Packages (4)
Project ManagementProject Management
Organizational Change ManagementOrganizational Change Management
Training in the Realization PhaseTraining in the Realization Phase
QCQC
Develop System Test Plans / Develop System Test Plans / 
Establish QA EnvironmentEstablish QA Environment
BaselineBaseline
ConfigurationConfiguration Final ConfigurationFinal Configuration IntegrationIntegration
Workflow, ABAP,Workflow, ABAP,
Conversions and InterfaceConversions and Interface Prog Prog..
Enhancements, Reports, Forms,Enhancements, Reports, Forms,
User Roles, ArchivingUser Roles, Archiving
Establish Production Establish Production 
EnvironmentEnvironment
 
 
 
„ The work comprises eight distinct work packages, all of which are done in parallel with the 
configuration and confirmation: 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 24-92 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 2001
Content and Tools
Tools
ABAP ABAP WorkbenchWorkbench::
\u2022Standard data transfer programs
\u2022Standard interface programs
\u2022Standard reports
\u2022User exits
Define standard
Workflow
Programs/
Forms
Develop 
Workflow
Programs/
Forms
Test
Workflow
Programs/
Forms
Transport
Workflow 
Programs/
Forms
Procedure
Content
Program realization forProgram realization for::
\u25cf\u25cf Workflow Workflow
\u25cf\u25cf Dev Dev.. Conversion Programs Conversion Programs 
\u25cf\u25cf Dev Dev.. Application Application Interface Interface Program Program
\u25cf\u25cf Develop Enhancements Develop Enhancements
\u25cf\u25cf Create Create Reports Reports
\u25cf\u25cf Create FormsCreate Forms (Layout Sets) (Layout Sets)
RealizationRealization
OtherOther R/3 R/3 tools tools::
\u2022Graphic Workflow Editor
\u2022ABAP Queries
\u2022Report Writer / Report Painter
\u2022Information systems in the
 applications (LIS, EIS, etc.)
 
 
„ Workflow Development 
y The purpose of this work package is to automate a new business process using SAP Business 
Workflow. SAP delivers standard templates as part of the R/3 applications modules. If you simply 
want to activate a standard template you will not need to follow this package. Instead you should 
refer to the on-line documentation of the application and the ASAP cross-application knowledge 
corner. 
„ Reports 
y Different types of reporting capabilities should be addressed and defined: 
y Reports Requirements/ABAP-Query/Report-Writer-Painter/Application-based Information 
System. 
y The \u201dR/3 Report Navigator\u201d is available from the Simplification Group on a separate CD. 
„ Interfaces, Conversions, Enhancements 
y The teams that are assembled to discuss and make decisions about each of these programs should 
be comprised of people with technical and functional expertise on both the current legacy system 
and the SAP R/3 application modules. Note: See \u201dData Conversion Made Easy\u201d in the 
Knowledge Corner. 
y With enhancements / modifications to the R/3 Systems, the cost / benefit relation should always be 
your first consideration. 
y To realize the programmes, SAP offers an extensive range of utilities. Please use the programs 
included in the SAP standard. 
„ Forms (Layout Sets) 
y You can use the accelerator, Print Out Made Easy, in the Knowledge Corner for information on 
how to print out the forms. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 24-93 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 2001
Change Levels
System SoftwareSystem Software
Modifications
Change
Repository
Objects
R/3 BasisR/3 Basis
Create
Repository
Objets
Customer
Programs
Customer
Exits
Enhance
Repository
Objets
Business
Applications
Set
System
Parameters
CustomerCustomer
DevelopmentDevelopment
CustomizingCustomizingEnhance-Enhance-
mentsments
 
 
 
„ There are four different ways in which you can adapt the R/3 System to meet your requirements: 
y Customer Development - The R/3 System contains a customer namespace in which they can create 
their own repository objects. 
y Enhancements - This allows the customer to enhance SAP Repository objects without using 
modifications. 
y Customizing - This is where the system parameters are set using a special user interface. All 
possible settings are allowed for and organized by SAP. Customizing is a mandatory part of 
setting up the R/3 System. 
y Modification - Modifications are changes to SAP Repository objects. When the system is 
upgraded, all the versions of modified objects must be compared with the new SAP version and 
reconcilled. 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 24-94 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 2001
Activities
User Roles and Authorization Concept
Implement User Roles and Authorization Concept
Validate User Roles and Authorization Concept 
Define User and Authorization Management Strategy
Cut Over User Roles and Authorization Concept
Accelerators
Establish User Role and Authrization Concept
RealizationRealization
\u25a0 Knowledge Corner:
Cross-SAP Implementation Topics
Authorization and User Roles
BASIS
PP
HRSD/ MM
FI/ CO
KUKU
BCBC
KUKUKUKU
KUKU
BCBC
KUKU
KU = Key User 
BC = Basis User
 
 
 
„ The purpose of this work package is to set up enterprise-wide user roles along with the required 
authorizations for system access. 
„ In order to accomplish a task, employees need to traverse a variety of business applications. The 
transactions and reports that characterize a typical job position can be summarized in a user role. It is 
important that users can only perform those tasks for which they are authorized and prevent them 
from unintentional or unskilled changes in other system areas. 
„ Since each SAP business application component provides options for controlling the use of functions 
through authorizations, a user role is associated with a set of authorizations that are required to 
accomplish the tasks of the role. Besides the assigned authorizations, a user role further contains the 
definition of the user menu. The user menu specifies in a hierarchical structure the access paths to 
transactions, reports and websites for the end user, thus defining the interface for system access. 
 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 24-95 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 2001
Phase 3: Realization - Work Packages (5)
Project ManagementProject Management
Organizational Change ManagementOrganizational Change Management
Training in the Realization PhaseTraining in the Realization Phase
QCQC
Develop System Test Plans / Develop System Test Plans / 
Establish QA EnvironmentEstablish QA Environment
BaselineBaseline
ConfigurationConfiguration Final ConfigurationFinal Configuration IntegrationIntegration
Workflow, ABAP,Workflow, ABAP,
Conversions and InterfaceConversions and Interface Prog Prog..
Enhancements, Reports, Forms,Enhancements, Reports, Forms,
User Roles, ArchivingUser Roles, Archiving
Establish Production Establish Production 
EnvironmentEnvironment
 
 
 
„ The purpose of this work package is to plan and execute the final integration test. This is important 
for the functional verification of your production system. It should be a simulation of live operations. 
„ The test includes verification of dependencies of business processes on the value chain, plus on 
interfaces, output, enhancements, and authorization test. Remote locations should be included in the 
test. This test is performed in the quality assurance system (or a QA client). 
 
© SAP AG TSCM52 24-96 
\uf8e9 SAP AG 2001
\u2022\u2022 Simulate the live operation of the businessSimulate the live operation of the business
including remote locationsincluding remote locations
\u2022\u2022 Verify that R/3 solution seamlessly meetsVerify that R/3 solution seamlessly meets
the business needsthe business needs
Test is process oriented and conducted