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Etimologia e Abreviaturas de Termos Médicos (PDF)

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third ventricle 
AVVM angiographically visualized 
vascular malformation 
AVY Arracacha virus Y 
AVZ avascular zone 
AW able to work; above waist; abrupt 
withdrawal; airways; alcohol withdrawal; 
alveolar wall; anterior wall;atomic warfare; 
atomic weight 
A&W alive and well 
aw airway; water activity 
AWAR anterior wall of aortic root 
AWBM alveolar wall basement membrane
AWBV Ahlum waterborne virus 
AWD alive with disease 
AWESOME Angina with Extremely 
Serious Operative Mortality Evaluation 
AWFM adaptive Walsh function modeling 
AWG American Wire Gauge 
AWGN additive white gaussian noise 
[telemedicine] 
AWHILES All-Wales Health Information 
and Library Extension Service 
AWI anterior wall infarction 
AWIGS advanced workplace for image 
guided surgery 
AWL active waiting list 
AWM abnormal wall motion 
AWMI anterior wall myocardial infarction
AWMN Acid Waters Monitoring Network 
[UK] 
AWMV amplitude-weighted mean 
velocity 
AWO airway obstruction 
AWOL absent without official leave 
AWP airway pressure; any willing 
provider; average of the wholesale prices; 
average wholesale price 
AWR absolute weighted residual; airway 
restriction 
AWRS anti-whole rabbit serum 
AWRU active wrist rotation unit 
AWS Alagille-Watson syndrome; alcohol 
withdrawal syndrome 
AWTA aniridia-Wilms tumor association 
awu atomic weight unit 
ax axillary; axis, axial 
AxCPV anti-xanthomista cypovirus 
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AXD axillary dissection 
AXF advanced x-ray facility 
AXG adult xanthogranuloma 
AXL anexelekto [oncogene]; axillary 
lymphoscintigraphy 
AXR abdominal x-ray [examination]
AXT alternating exotropia 
AYA acute yellow atrophy 
AYF antiyeast factor 
AYP autolyzed yeast protein 
AYV Anthriscus yellows virus
AZ Aschheim-Zondek [test]; 
5-azacytidine; azathioprine 
Az nitrogen [Fr. azote] 
AZA azadirachtin; azathioprine; azelaic 
virus
AzC azacytosine 
AZEV Acrobasis zelleri entomopoxvirus 
AZF azoospermia factor 
AzG azg azaguanine 
AZGP zinc-alpha-2-glycoprotein 
AZO [indicates presence of the group –
N=N-] 
AZOA azaorotic acid 
AZQ diaziquone 
AZR alizarin 
AZT Aschheim-Zondek test; azido-
thylmidine; 3’-azido-3’-deoxythymid-
ine;zidovudine (azidothymidine) 
AZTEC amplitude zone time epoch 
coding [in ECG] 
AZTMP azidothymidine monophosphate 
AZT-R azidothymidine-resistant 
AZT-S azidothymidine-susceptible or 
sensitive 
AZTTP azidothymidine trithiophosphate 
AZT-TP 3’-azido-3’-deoxythymidine 
triphosphate 
AZU azauracil; azurocidin 
AzUr 6-azauridine 
B
B bacillus; bands; barometric; base; 
basophil, basophilic; bath [Lat. balneum]; 
Baumé scale; behavior; bel; Benoist 
scale; benzoate; beta; biscuspid; black; 
blood, bloody; blue; body; boils at; 
Bolton point; bone marrow derived [cell 
or Iymphocyte]; born; boron; bound; 
bovine; break; bregma; bronchial, 
bronchus; brother; Brucella; bruit; 
buccal; Bucky [film in cassette in Potter-
Bucky diaphragm]; Bucky factor; bursa 
cells; burst [pacemaker]; bypass; byte; 
colorectal tumor extending into adipose 
tissue [Dukes classification]; magnetic 
induction; minimal detectable blurring; 
supramentale [point] 
B0 constant magnetic field in nuclear 
magnetic resonance 
B1 palpable one lobe prostatic tumor 
less than 1,5cm [Jewett staging system]; 
tumor extending into muscularis propria 
[Astler-Coller classification] 
B1 induced field in nuclear magnetic 
resonance; radiofrequency magnetic field 
in nuclear magnetic resonance; thiamine 
B2 palpable two-Iobe prostatic tumor 
largerthan 1.5cm [Jewett staging system]; 
tumor extending into perirectal adipose 
tissue [Astler-Coller classification] 
B2 riboflavin
B6 pyridoxine 
B7 biotin 
B8 adenosine phosphate
B12 cyanocobalamin 
 b barn; base; boils at; bom; brain; 
branched; [chromosome] break; 
supramentale [point]; twice [Lat. bis] 
b sample regression coefficient [statistics] 
b+ positron emission 
b- beta emission 
ß see beta 
BA Bachelor of Arts; backache; bacterial 
agglutination; bactericidal activity; 
barbituric acid; basion; benzanthracene; 
benzyladenine; best amplitude; beta 
adrenergic; betamethasone acetate; 
bilateral asymmetrical; bile acid; biliary 
atresia; biological activity; blocking 
antibody; blood agar; blood alcohol; bone 
age; boric acid; bovine albumin; brachial 
artery; breathing apparatus; bronchial 
asthma; bucco-axial; buffered acetone 
Ba barium; barium enema; basion 
ba basion 
BAA benzoylarginine amide; branched 
amino acid 
Baa Bucky amino acid 
BAAP bone-anchored auricular prosthesis
BAATAF Boston Area Anticoagulation 
Trial for Atrial Fibrillation 
BAAV bovine adeno-associated virus 
BAB blood agar base 
Bab Babinski reflex; baboon 
BabK baboon kidney 
BABs bom after the ban cases 
BABV Babahoya virus 
BAC baclofen; bacterial adherent 
coIony; bacterial antigen complex; 
bacterial artificial chromosome; blood 
alcohol concentration; breast arterial 
calcification; British Association of 
Chemists; bronchoalveolar carcinoma; 
bronchoalveolar cells; bucco-axiocervical 
Bac, bac Bacillus 
BACE beta-amyloid converting enzym 
BACT bacterium [UMLS]; best available 
control technology 
Bact, bact Bacterium; bacterium, bacteria 
BACUS Balloon Angioplasty Compliance 
Ultrasound Study 
BAD biological aerosol detection; 
biologically active dose; British 
Association of Dermatologists 
BADE [Thoracic] Bioimpedance 
as an Adjunct to Dobutamine 
Echocardiography [study] 
BADLs basic activities of daily living 
BADS black locks-albinism-deafness 
syndrome
BAdV bovine adenovirus 
BAdV-A, B, C bovine adenovirus A, B and C 
BAE bovine aortic endothelium; bronchial 
artery embolization 
BaE barium enema 
BAEC bovine aortic endothelial cell 
BAEDP balloon aortic enddiastolic 
pressure 
BAEE benzoylarginine ethyl ester 
BaEn barium enema 
BAEP brainstem auditory evoked 
Potential 
BAER brainstem auditory evoked 
response 
BaEV baboon endogenous virus 
BaFBr:Eu europium-activated barium 
fluorohalide
BAFF B-cell activating factor 
BAG buccoaxiogingival 
BAGG buffered azide glucose glycerol 
BAGV Bagaza virus 
BAHA® bone-anchored hearing aid 
BAHAMA Baragwanath Hypertension 
Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring 
Multiarm
BA/HPCC biomeclical application of 
high performance computing and 
communication
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BAHS Boston Area Health Study; 
butoctamide hydrogen succinate 
BAHV Bahig virus 
BAI beta-aminoisobutyrate 
BAIB beta-aminoisobutyric [acid] 
BAIF bile acid independent flow 
BAIT bacterial automated identification 
technique 
BAKUV Baku virus 
BAKV Bakel virus; Bakau virus 
BAL bioartificial liver; biphenotypic acute 
leukemia, blood alcohol level; British 
antilewisite; bronchoalveolar lavage 
bal balance; balsam 
BALB binaural alternate loudness balance 
BALF bronchoalveolar lavage fluid
bals balsam
BALT bronchus-associated lymphoid 
tissue 
BAM Bacteriological Analytical Manual; 
basilar artery migraine; bilateral 
augmentation mammoplasty; brachial 
artery mean [pressure]
BaM barium meal 
Bam benzamide 
BAME benzoylarginine methyl ester 
BaMMV barley mild mosaic virus 
BaMV bamboo mosaic virus 
BAN British Approved Name; British 
Association of Nourologists 
BANS back, arms, neck, and scalp 
BANTER Bayesian Network Tutoring and 
Explanation 
BANV banzi virus 
BAO basal acid output; brachial artery 
output
BAO-MAO basal acid output to maximal 
acid output [ratio] 
BAP bacterial alkaline phosphatase; 
Behavior Activity Profile; beta-amyloid 
peptide; blood-agar plate; bovine 
albumin in phosphate buffer; brachial 
artery pressure; brightness area product 
BAPhysMed British Association of 
Physical Medicine