LivroVermelhoPlantasRarasCerrado
322 pág.

LivroVermelhoPlantasRarasCerrado


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sobre onde e como implantar 
projetos de infraestrutura e empreendimentos econô-
micos neste bioma. Que as informações desta edição 
sejam efetivamente usadas para evitar ou minimizar os 
impactos dos empreendimentos sobre as espécies do 
Cerrado. 
Por fim, desejamos também que este livro sirva para 
estimular o poder público e a sociedade em geral a va-
lorizar e conservar, para esta e para futuras gerações, par-
celas representativas desse imenso patrimônio, que é a 
riquíssima flora presente nos diversos ecossistemas dos 
cerrados brasileiros. 
Brazil has undertaken important commitments for the conservation of its biodiversity at inter-national forums and perhaps the most impor-
tant of these is to accomplish the targets set out in the 
Global Strategy for Plant Conservation \u2013 GSPC under 
the Convention on Biological Diversity \u2013 CBD. Goal 
1 of the GSPC, for example, recommends that each 
country should, by 2020, have published the botanical 
data of all known species of their national flora online. 
Goal 2, in turn, requires that each country should as-
sess the risk of extinction of all its species of flora, also 
by the year 2020. As Brazil probably has the greatest 
richness of flora in the world, the scope of these goals 
in such a short period is a huge challenge for our in-
Livro vermelho da flora do Brasil \u2013 Plantas raras do Cerrado | 9 
stitutions and the national scientific community in the 
field of botany. 
one of the main institutional objectives of the Rio 
de Janeiro Botanical Garden \u2013 JBRJ is to support pro-
posals for public policies that meet the needs of con-
servation and rational use of the plant genetic resources 
in Brazil. To meet such objectives the National Center 
for Plant Conservation \u2013 CNCFlora, which is a biol-
ogy conservation center within the JBRJ Directorate 
of Scientific Research, fulfills a strategic role. The 
CNCFlora is responsible for gathering all available data 
to assess the conservation status of species of national 
flora and define action plans with the goal to remove 
these species from the list of endangered species. The 
first large scale evaluation carried out by CNCFlora 
was consolidated in the Livro vermelho da flora do Brasil 
(Red Book of the Brazilian Flora) published in 2013. 
CNCFlora assessed the risk of extinction of about 4,600 
species of national flora based on previous studies, both 
national and regional, that had sited these species as being 
possibly threatened.
Among the Brazilian biomes with the highest con-
version rate of native forest into anthropogenic envi-
ronments is the Cerrado. The encroachment of agri-
business into vast tracts of land in central Brazil in re-
cent decades has caused a rapid disappearance of the 
habitats and ecosystems characteristic of this biome. 
Additionally, the over-exploitation of some species has 
led to the depletion of their populations at an alarming 
rate. Many species of plants and animals are currently 
endangered in this biome, some of them critically en-
dangered. In the present work, 578 species cited in the 
book Plantas raras do Cerrado (Rare Plants of Cerrado), 
which was prepared by the renowned botanist Dra. Ana 
Maria Giulietti and her collaborators, were assessed as to 
their risk of extinction. 
The heart of this book is a careful risk assessment 
that focuses on these Cerrado plants and on their en-
vironments using standardized and internationally ac-
cepted criteria. We sincerely hope that this is not just 
another publication on conservation biology. We hope 
that the information contained herein concerning the 
risk of extinction of the Cerrado plants is considered 
in practice; that is, we hope that political-administrative 
decisions are made on where and how to deploy infra-
structure projects and economic ventures in this biome, 
and that the information in this publication is effec-
tively used to prevent or minimize the impacts of such 
undertakings on the species of the Cerrado.
Finally, we also hope that this book will stimulate 
the government and society in general to value and 
maintain, for this and future generations, these protect-
ed areas representing this immense natural heritage of 
extremely rich flora in the different ecosystems of the 
Brazilian Cerrado.
10 | Livro vermelho da flora do Brasil \u2013 Plantas raras do Cerrado
As avaliações de risco de extinção de plantas no Brasil eram iniciativas isoladas e esporádicas, que indicavam espécies como ameaçadas de ex-
tinção. A publicação do segundo Livro vermelho da flora 
do Brasil \u2013 Plantas raras do Cerrado \u2013, dá continuidade ao 
esforço do Centro Nacional de Conservação da Flora 
\u2013 CNCFlora, de avaliar a flora megadiversa de nosso 
país. Essa conquista só foi possível pela colaboração de 
uma rede de 107 especialistas, pela dedicação da equipe 
do Projeto Lista Vermelha e pelo suporte técnico do 
Projeto Sistemas de Informações.
Plantas raras do Cerrado apresenta a avaliação de 578 
espécies consideradas raras por Giulietti et al. (2009) e 
com ocorrência e/ou endêmicas do Cerrado. Apesar da 
profusão dos conceitos de raridade e das diferentes defi-
nições, é consenso que espécies raras podem apresentar 
uma alta vulnerabilidade e, portanto, devem ser priori-
zadas em medidas de conservação. o bioma Cerrado é 
atualmente considerado uma das áreas críticas para con-
servação e a perda de hábitat nesse bioma vem alcançan-
do índices alarmantes.
Esta obra apresenta mais um conjunto de espécies 
categorizadas como ameaçadas de extinção e, além de 
contribuir para o alcance da meta 2 da Estratégia Global 
para Conservação de Plantas \u2013 GSPC no Brasil, pode 
ser utilizada na tomada de decisões e no direcionamen-
to de pesquisas e de esforços de conservação. Além disso, 
apresentamos no \u201cAnexo\u201d as listas de espécies \u201cDados 
insuficientes\u201d, \u201cMenos preocupantes\u201d e \u201cQuase amea-
çadas\u201d para conhecimento geral. As espécies endêmicas 
do Brasil estão sinalizadas com o símbolo \uf0fc ao lado da 
avaliação do risco de extinção, indicando as avaliações 
globais.
É com imenso prazer que publicamos este livro, com 
o intuito não apenas de preencher lacunas do conheci-
mento para plantas, mas também de ilustrar e informar 
sobre esse trabalho, que é fruto do esforço de especia-
listas colaboradores, de uma equipe determinada e de 
apaixonados por conservação da natureza.
Carta dos organizadores
Letter from the Editors 
G u stavo M art i ne l l i , Ta i nan M e s s i na & 
L u i z Santo s F i l h o
Extinction risk assessments of Brazilian flora have until now been isolated and sporadic initiatives, only pointing out species that were considered 
threatened. The publication of the second Livro vermelho 
da flora do Brasil (Red Book of Brazilian Flora) - Plantas 
raras do Cerrado (Rare Plants of the Cerrado) \u2013 continues 
the efforts of the National Center for Plant Conservation 
\u2013 CNCFlora to assess the megadiverse flora in the coun-
try. This publication was only made possible through 
the collaboration of a network of 107 experts, with the 
dedication of the Red List Project team and through the 
technical support of the Information Systems Project.
Plantas raras do Cerrado (Rare Plants of the Cerrado) 
covers the assessment of 578 species considered rare by 
Giulietti et al. (2009) and that are present and / or en-
demic to the Cerrado. Despite the profusion of concepts 
of rarity and the different definitions, the consensus is 
that rare species may be highly vulnerable and, there-
fore, should be prioritized for conservation measures. 
The Cerrado biome is currently considered a critical area 
needing conservation, and habitat loss in this biome has 
reached alarming levels. 
This work presents another set of species categorized 
as threatened and, in addition to contributing to achieve 
Goal 2 of the Global Strategy for Plant