a correct choice, since an underwater diver certainly has to be physically fit. Nevertheless, the passage nowhere states this directly. 10 Increase your Vocabulary to Boost your reading Comprehension Score 1. You can increase your vocabulary tremendously by learning Latin and Greek roots, prefixes, and suffixes. Knowing the meanings of difficult words will thereby help you to understand a passage better. Sixty percent of all the words in our English language are derived from Latin and Greek. By learning certain Latin and Greek roots, prefixes, and suffixes, you will be able to understand the meanings of more than 150,000 additional English words. See \u201cThe Gruber Prefix-Root-Suffix List\u201d beginning on page 368. 2. This book also includes a \u201cGRE 3,400-Word List\u201d beginning on page 379. This Word List will prove to be a powerful vocabulary builder for you. There are other steps\u2014in addition to the two steps explained above\u2014to increase your vocabulary. Here they are: 3. Take vocabulary tests like the 100 Tests to Strengthen Your Vocabulary beginning on page 428. 4. Read as widely as possible\u2014novels, nonfiction, newspapers, magazines. 5. Listen to people who speak well. Many TV programs have very fine speakers. You can pick up many new words listening to such programs. 6. Get into the habit of using a dictionary often. You can get a dictionary app for your phone or look up words online. 7. Play word games\u2014crossword puzzles will really build up your vocabulary. rEaD. CO MP. StratEg y 9 GRE2015_P04.indd 167 4/18/14 11:30 AM 168 \u2022 GRUBER\u2019S COMPLETE GRE GUIDE 2015 example 1 Acting, like much writing, is probably a compensation for and release from the strain of some profound mal - adjustment of the psyche. The actor lives most intensely by proxy. He has to be somebody else to be himself. But it is all done openly and for our delight. The dangerous man, the enemy of nonattachment or any other wise way of life, is the born actor who has never found his way into the Theater, who never uses a stage door, who does not take a call and then wipe the paint off his face. It is the intrusion of this temperament into political life, in which at this day it most emphatically does not belong, that works half the mischief in the world. In every country you may see them rise, the actors who will not use the Theater, and always they bring down disaster from the angry gods who like to see mountebanks in their proper place. questions 1. The meaning of \u201cmaladjustment\u201d (lines 2\u20133) is a (A) replacement of one thing for another (B) profitable experience in business (C) consideration for the feelings of others (D) disregard of advice offered by others (E) poor relationship with one\u2019s environment 2. The meaning of \u201cpsyche\u201d (line 3) is (A) person (B) mind (C) personality (D) psychology (E) physique 3. The meaning of \u201cintrusion\u201d (line 9) is (A) entering without being welcome (B) acceptance after considering the facts (C) interest that has developed after a period of time (D) fear as the result of imagination (E) refusing to obey a command 4. The meaning of \u201cmountebanks\u201d (line 15) is (A) mountain climbers (B) cashiers (C) high peaks (D) fakers (E) mortals explanatory answers 1. Choice E is correct. The prefix mal- means \u201cbad.\u201d Obviously a maladjustment is a bad adjustment\u2014 that is, a poor relationship with one\u2019s environment. 5 10 15 2. Choice B is correct. The root psyche means the mind functioning as the center of thought, feeling, and behavior. 3. Choice A is correct. The prefix in- means \u201cinto\u201d in this case. The root trud, trus means \u201cpushing into\u201d\u2014or entering without being welcome. 4. Choice D is correct. The root mont means \u201cto climb.\u201d The root banc means a \u201cbench.\u201d A mountebank is literally \u201cone who climbs on a bench.\u201d The actual meaning of mountebank is a quack (faker) who sells useless medicines from a platform in a public place. example 2 The American Museum of Natural History has long por- trayed various aspects of man. Primitive cultures have been shown through habitat groups and displays of man\u2019s tools, utensils, and art. In more recent years, there has been a tendency to delineate man\u2019s place in nature, displaying his destructive and constructive activities on the earth he inhabits. Now, for the first time, the Museum has taken man apart, enlarged the delicate mechanisms that make him run, and examined him as a biological phenomenon. In the new Hall of the Biology of Man, Museum techni- cians have created a series of displays that are instructive to a degree never before achieved in an exhibit hall. Using new techniques and new materials, they have been able to produce movement as well as form and color. It is a human belief that beauty is only skin deep. But nature has proved to be a master designer, not only in the matter of man\u2019s bilateral symmetry but also in the marvelous packaging job that has arranged all man\u2019s organs and systems within his skin-covered case. When these are taken out of the case, greatly enlarged, and given color, they reveal form and design that give the lie to that old saw. Visitors will be surprised to discover that man\u2019s insides, too, are beautiful. questions 1. The meaning of \u201cbilateral\u201d (line 17) is (A) biological (B) two-sided (C) natural (D) harmonious (E) technical 2. The meaning of \u201csymmetry\u201d (line 17) is (A) simplicity (B) obstinacy (C) sincerity (D) appearance (E) proportion 5 10 15 20 GRE2015_P04.indd 168 4/18/14 11:30 AM STRATEGY SECTION \u2022 169 explanatory answers 1. Choice B is correct. The prefix bi- means \u201ctwo.\u201d The root latus means \u201cside.\u201d Therefore, bilateral means \u201ctwo-sided.\u201d 2. Choice E is correct. The prefix sym- means \u201ctogether.\u201d The root metr means \u201cmeasure.\u201d The word symmetry, therefore, means \u201cproportion,\u201d \u201charmonious relation of parts,\u201d \u201cbalance.\u201d Know how to Deal with Questions that ask you to Find Statements that Support or Weaken the arguments in a Passage or Statements that the Passage Does Not Provide any Information about Children should be required to play a musical instrument at an early age so that they will develop an appreciation for music. Furthermore, they should be exposed to classical music and be made knowledgeable of the history in the composer\u2019s time so that they can associate the composer\u2019s music with the particular period in time. By incorporating these aspects in the children\u2019s educational program, the children will develop an appreciation and understanding of classical music. supporting an argument Which of the following statements, if true, is supported by the passage? (A) Great musicians have developed their talents at an early age. (B) Adults who love classical music are aware of the historical period of the compositions they listen to. (C) Children who play an instrument show greater affinity for appreciation of classical music later in life. (D) Children who are exposed to and listen to clas- sical music develop an appreciation for music in their teenage and adult years. (E) Classical music develops the intellect of the mind and provides carryover for creativity in other disciplines. explanatory answer Choice C is correct: See lines 1\u20132. Choice A is incorrect: The passage doesn\u2019t describe how great musicians developed their talent. Choice B is incorrect: The passage does not say that a \u201clove\u201d or even \u201cappreciation\u201d 5 for classical music is associated specifically with the knowledge of the period in history of the compositions. Choice D is incorrect: The passage only says that appre- ciation for music is based on the playing of a musical instrument. Choice E is incorrect: This is not mentioned in the passage.