Inorganic Chemistry
359 pág.

Inorganic Chemistry

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Instant Notes 
Inorganic Chemistry 
Second Edition
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Series Editor: B.D.Hames School of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of 
Leeds, Leeds, UK 
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Consulting Editor: Howard Stanbury 
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Psychology series 
Sub-series Editor: Hugh Wagner Dept of Psychology, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK
Forthcoming titles 
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Physiological Psychology 
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Instant Notes 
Inorganic Chemistry 
Second Edition 
Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory, 
New College, Oxford, UK 
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© Garland Science/BIOS Scientific Publishers, 2004 
First published 2000 
Second edition 2004 
All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted, in any form or by any 
without permission. 
A CIP catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library. 
ISBN 0-203-48827-X Master e-book ISBN 
ISBN 0-203-62533-1 (OEB Format) 
ISBN 1 85996 289 0 (Print Edition) 
Garland Science/BIOS Scientific Publishers 
4 Park Square, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 4RN, UK and 
29 West 35th Street, New York, NY 10001\u20132299, USA 
World Wide Web home page: 
Garland Science/BIOS Scientific Publishers is a member of the Taylor & Francis Group 
This edition published in the Taylor & Francis e-Library, 2005. 
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Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data 
Cox, P.A. 
Inorganic chemistry/P.A.Cox.\u20142nd ed. 
p. cm.\u2014(The instant notes chemistry series) 
Includes bibliographical references and index. 
ISBN 1-85996-289-0 (pbk.) 
1. Chemistry, Inorganic\u2014Outlines, syllabi, etc. I. Title. II. Series. 
QD153.5.C69 2004 
Production Editor: Andrea Bosher 
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 Abbreviations vii
 Preface viii
Section A\u2014 
Atomic structure 
A1 The nuclear atom 1
A2 Atomic orbitals 5
A3 Many-electron atoms 9
A4 The periodic table 12
A5 Trends in atomic properties 16
Section B\u2014 
Introduction to inorganic substances 
B1 Electronegativity and bond type 21
B2 Chemical periodicity 25
B3 Stability and reactivity 29
B4 Oxidation and reduction 33
B5 Describing inorganic compounds 37
B6 Inorganic reactions and synthesis 41
B7 Methods of characterization 45
Section C\u2014 
Structure and bonding in molecules 
C1 Electron pair bonds 51
C2 Molecular shapes: VSEPR 56
C3 Molecular symmetry and point groups 61
C4 Molecular orbitals: homonuclear diatomics 67
C5 Molecular orbitals: heteronuclear diatomics 72
C6 Molecular orbitals: polyatomics 76
C7 Rings and clusters 81
C8 Bond strengths 85
C9 Lewis acids and bases 89
C10 Molecules in condensed phases 92
Section D\u2014 
Structure and bonding in solids 
D1 Introduction to solids 95
D2 Element structures 99
D3 Binary compounds: simple structures 103
D4 Binary compounds: factors influencing structure 108
D5 More complex solids 112
D6 Lattice energies 116
D7 Electrical and optical properties of solids 120
Section E\u2014 
Chemistry in solution 
E1 Solvent types and properties 125
E2 Brønsted acids and bases 129
E3 Complex formation 133
E4 Solubility of ionic substances 137
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E5 Electrode potentials 140
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Section F\u2014 
Chemistry of nonmetals
F1 Introduction to nonmetals 145
F2 Hydrogen 149
F3 Boron 153
F4 Carbon, silicon and germanium 157
F5 Nitrogen 161
F6 Phosphorus, arsenic and antimony 165
F7 Oxygen 169
F8 Sulfur, selenium and tellurium 173
F9 Halogens 177
F10 Noble gases 181
Section G\u2014 
Chemistry of non-transition metals 
G1 Introduction to non-transition metals 185
G2 Group 1: alkali metals 189
G3 Group 2: alkaline earths 193
G4 Group 12: zinc, cadmium and mercury 196
G5 Group 13: aluminum to thallium 199
G6 Group 14: tin and lead 203
Section H\u2014 
Chemistry of transition metals 
H1 Introduction to transition metals 207
H2 Ligand field theory 211
H3 3d series: aqueous ions 215
H4 3d series: solid compounds 218
H5 4d and 5d series 221
H6 Complexes: structure and isomerism 224
H7 Complexes: kinetics and mechanism 228
H8 Complexes: electronic spectra and magnetism 231
H9 Complexes: \u3c0 acceptor ligands 235
H10 Organometallic compounds 239
Section I\u2014 
Lanthanides and actinides 
I1 Lanthanum and the lanthanides 245
I2 Actinium and the actinides 248
Section J\u2014 
Environmental, biological and industrial aspects
J1 Origin and abundance of the elements 253
J2 Geochemistry 256
J3 Bioinorganic chemistry 259
J4 Industrial chemistry: bulk inorganic chemicals 264
J5 Industrial chemistry: catalysts 267
J6 Environmental cycling and pollution 271
 Further reading 275
Appendix I\u2014 The elements 1\u2013103 277
Appendix II\u2014 The Periodic Table of Elements 278
 Index 279
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3c2e three-center two-electron 
3c4e three-center four-electron 
3D three dimensional 
ADP adenosine diphosphate 
An actinide 
AO atomic orbital 
ATP adenosine triphosphate 
bcc body-centered cubic 
BO bond order 
BP boiling point 
CB conduction band 
ccp cubic close packing 
CN coordination number 
Cp cyclopentadienyl (C5H5) 
E unspecified (non-metallic) element 
EA electron affinity 
EAN effective atomic number 
EDTA ethylenediamine tetraacetate 
Et ethyl (C2H5) 
fcc face-centered cubic 
hcp hexagonal close packing 
HOMO highest occupied molecular orbital 
HSAB hard and soft acid-base 
IE (first) ionization energy 
In nth ionization energy (n=1, 2,\u2026) 
IUPAC International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry 
L unspecified ligand 
LCAO linear combination