Apostila_IGTA2_2013_2
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Apostila_IGTA2_2013_2


DisciplinaInglês Instrumental486 materiais8.937 seguidores
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\ufffd MANY 
 
Curso Superior de Tecnologia em Manutenção de Aeronaves 
Disciplina: Inglês Instrumental 2 (IGTA-2) 
Profa.: Daniela Terenzi (daniela.ufscar@gmail.com) 
 
 
 
 
 
IFSP \u2013 Campus São Carlos \u2013 Curso TMA / Disciplina: Inglês Instrumental 2 (IGTA-2) 
 
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EXAMPLES: 
 
 
The first fixed-wing aircraft: The 14-bis versus the Wright Flyers 
Mainstream aviation historians credit the Wright Brothers with the creation of the first 
successful heavier-than-air flying machine, able to take off under its own power and capable of 
sustained and controlled flight. 
The Wrights used a launching rail for their 1903 flights and a launch catapult for their 1904 
and 1905 machines, while the aircraft of Santos-Dumont and other Europeans had wheeled 
undercarriages. The Wright Brothers continued to use skids, which necessitated the use of a dolly 
running on a track. The Fédération Aéronautique Internationale, founded in France in 1905 to 
verify aviation records, stated among its rules that an aircraft should be able to take off under its 
own power in order to qualify for a record. Supporters of Santos-Dumont maintain that this means 
the 14-bis was, technically, the first successful fixed-wing aircraft. 
The issue of which aircraft was first or more practical is a matter of debate between 
supporters of Santos-Dumont and the Wright brothers. The Wrights flew earlier, and Santos-
Dumont took off on wheels before the Wrights, earning a variety of prizes and official records in 
France. Santos-Dumont's flights in the 14-bis contributed to the development of aviation by 
publicly demonstrating the feasibility of heavier-than-air flight, which encouraged other pioneers 
in Europe to begin or quicken the pace of their experiments. 
Fonte: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alberto_Santos-Dumont 
 
Curso Superior de Tecnologia em Manutenção de Aeronaves 
Disciplina: Inglês Instrumental 2 (IGTA-2) 
Profa.: Daniela Terenzi (daniela.ufscar@gmail.com) 
 
 
 
 
 
IFSP \u2013 Campus São Carlos \u2013 Curso TMA / Disciplina: Inglês Instrumental 2 (IGTA-2) 
 
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http://www.smartcockpit.com/aircraft-ressources/A330-Doors.html 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Curso Superior de Tecnologia em Manutenção de Aeronaves 
Disciplina: Inglês Instrumental 2 (IGTA-2) 
Profa.: Daniela Terenzi (daniela.ufscar@gmail.com) 
 
 
 
 
 
IFSP \u2013 Campus São Carlos \u2013 Curso TMA / Disciplina: Inglês Instrumental 2 (IGTA-2) 
 
15 
EXTRA ACTIVITYEXTRA ACTIVITYEXTRA ACTIVITYEXTRA ACTIVITY 
The Big Bang Theory 
Season 2, episode 16 (around 18 minutes) 
 
Scene: The apartment 
Leonard: Why are you crouching there? 
Sheldon: This is my spot. Where else am I supposed to crouch? 
Leonard: I don\u2019t know. Texas? 
Penny (arriving with cushion): Here you go. Fresh from the cleaners, good as new. 
Leonard: Really? Great. Sheldon, look. Good as new. 
Sheldon: From that key maker, I highly doubt it. 
Penny: Come on, Sheldon. Just give it a try. 
Sheldon: All right. 
Penny: There, nice and comfy cosy. Zero, zero, zero. 
Sheldon: There\u2019s one more zero. You forgot the time 
parameter. 
Penny: Sit on the damn couch. 
Sheldon: Nope. 
Penny: What do you mean, nope? What\u2019s wrong with it? 
Leonard: Nothing, it\u2019s what\u2019s wrong with him. 
Penny: It\u2019s exactly the same\u2026 
 
4. Reference Devices: Compound Relative Pronouns 
The words whoever, whatever, whichever, however, whenever and wherever are called 
compound relative pronouns. These are used to mean \u2018it doesn\u2019t matter who/what/which etc. 
Whoever comes to the door, ask them to wait. 
Whatever happens, happens for good. 
Whoever phoned just now was very rude. 
Don\u2019t open the door whoever they are. 
Wherever you go, I will follow you. 
Informal usesInformal usesInformal usesInformal uses 
In an informal style, these conjunctions are sometimes used as short answers. 
\u2018When should I come?\u2019 \u2018Whenever\u2018. / \u2018Tea or coffee?\u2019 \u2018Whichever\u2019. 
Let\u2019s practice! Now it\u2019s your turn to use short answers. Reply the following sentences using 
compound relative pronouns. 
\ufffd What kind of food would you like to have? 
\ufffd Would you like to have some tea or some coffee? 
\ufffd Saturday or Sunday? 
\ufffd We can ask either Laura or Jane for help. Who are we going to call? 
http://bigbangtrans.wordpress.com/series-2-episode-16-the-cushion-saturation-3/ 
Curso Superior de Tecnologia em Manutenção de Aeronaves 
Disciplina: Inglês Instrumental 2 (IGTA-2) 
Profa.: Daniela Terenzi (daniela.ufscar@gmail.com) 
 
 
 
 
 
IFSP \u2013 Campus São Carlos \u2013 Curso TMA / Disciplina: Inglês Instrumental 2 (IGTA-2) 
 
16 
Reference Devices: Compound Relative Pronouns 
Aviation Context 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. The policy states that aircraft will be monitored every two years 
or 1000 flight hours, whichever is longer. 
2. Destroy when 5 years old or when superseded or obsolete, 
whichever is sooner 
3. (\u2026) the vent header shall not be less than one foot above the average 
maximum snow depth, or 3 feet (1 meter) above ground level, whichever 
is higher \u2026 
4. Whenever a runway length has been temporarily or permanently 
shortened, state the word \u201cshortened\u201d immediately following the 
runway number \u2026 
5. Do not use this procedure whenever conditions indicate the 
probability of a steep pressure gradient between two locations \u2026 
6. Those of us in the FAA's Office of Commercial Space Transportation 
are certainly eager to do whatever we can to assist our partners at 
NASA in ... 
7. They also contended that the Board was constituted to take 
whatever combination of actions it chose relating to hours of airport 
operation and that ... 
http://www.faa.gov 
Curso Superior de Tecnologia em Manutenção de Aeronaves 
Disciplina: Inglês Instrumental 2 (IGTA-2) 
Profa.: Daniela Terenzi (daniela.ufscar@gmail.com) 
 
 
 
 
 
IFSP \u2013 Campus São Carlos \u2013 Curso TMA / Disciplina: Inglês Instrumental 2 (IGTA-2) 
 
17 
TEMA 4 
Characteristics 
Word Order 
Nominal Groups 
 
Curso Superior de Tecnologia em Manutenção de Aeronaves 
Disciplina: Inglês Instrumental 2 (IGTA-2) 
Profa.: Daniela Terenzi (daniela.ufscar@gmail.com) 
 
 
 
 
 
IFSP \u2013 Campus São Carlos \u2013 Curso TMA / Disciplina: Inglês Instrumental 2 (IGTA-2) 
 
18 
 
 
 
Curso Superior de Tecnologia em Manutenção de Aeronaves 
Disciplina: Inglês Instrumental 2 (IGTA-2) 
Profa.: Daniela Terenzi (daniela.ufscar@gmail.com) 
 
 
 
 
 
IFSP \u2013 Campus São Carlos \u2013 Curso TMA / Disciplina: Inglês Instrumental 2 (IGTA-2) 
 
19 
 
 
 
Curso Superior de Tecnologia em Manutenção de Aeronaves 
Disciplina: Inglês Instrumental 2 (IGTA-2) 
Profa.: Daniela Terenzi (daniela.ufscar@gmail.com)