LIVRO Plant Ecology
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LIVRO Plant Ecology


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Nucleation
temperature
(°C)
Estimated
molecular mass
(kDa)
Number of
INPs
required for
nucleation
-12 to -13 150 1
-3 870 60
-2 19800 132
-1 83700 558
Peptide
linker
Membrane anchorPlasma membrane
Cylindrical INP
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Nov Dec
1978
4
Bacteria (total number)
INA bacteria
Ice crystals
1979
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
L
O
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c
e
 n
u
c
le
i/
g
fw3
2
1
0
4
3
2
1
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March April
1979
May
L
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o
f 
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 i
c
e
 n
u
c
le
i/
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fw
1
A
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
Bacteria (total number)
INA bacteria
Ice nuclei at -5 °C
Ice nuclei at -9°C
April
1979
May
1 10 20 30 20
B
1
7
6
5
4
3
2
INA bacteria
Bacteria (total number)
INA antagonist
mutant A 506
10 30
Ice nuclei at -9°C
Ice nuclei at -5 °C
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Temperature-1 (°C-1)
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