A maior rede de estudos do Brasil

Grátis
156 pág.
Umacasaemdesmanchopart2 (1)

Pré-visualização | Página 1 de 30

�
,1752'8d­2
�
),*85$����&DPLQKRV�GH�LGD�H�FDPLQKRV�GH�YROWD�SDUD�j�FDVD�5XD�'U��7UDMDQR�5HLV������
/HJHQGD
&DPLQKR�GH�LGD
&DPLQKR�GH�YROWD
�
,1752'8d­2
�6HP�FRQWHPSODU�D�FXUYDWXUD�GD�WHUUD��PDV�D�&REHUWXUD�DHURIRWRJUDPpWULFD��
GD�5HJLmR�GR�6mR�)UDQFLVFR�� FRPR�XPD�FRQVHTrQFLD�GDV� H[SHULrQFLDV�GH�*DVSDUG�
)pOL[�7RXUQDFKRQ� ������������� R� IRWyJUDIR�1DGDU� H[SORURX� DV� SRVVLELOLGDGHV� GR� VHX�
LQRIHQVLYR� EDOmR��/H�*pDQW��³���� DO� TXDO� VH� DFFHGLD� VXMHWiQGRVH� D� ODV� QRUPDV� GH� XQ�
FXULRVR�UHJODPLHQWR�TXH� LQFOXtD� OD�SURKLELFLyQ�D�ERUGR�GH� ORV� MXHJRV�GH�D]DU��GHVGH�
pO� UHDOL]R� OD� SULPHUD� IRWRJUD¿D� DpUHD�� VREUH�3DULV�� HQ� �������´� �%,'21�&+$1$/��
������ ;9,,,��� SUHFXUVRUD� UHPRWD� GD� DHURIRWRJUDPHWULD�� &RQVLGHUHL� WDLV� LQIRUPDo}HV�
FRPR�FHQWHOKDV�GH�DQDORJLDV�QR�SDUDGR[R�GD�DWXDOL]DomR�GR�SDVVDGR�QD�KLVWyULD�GD�DUWH�
�$WUDYpV�GR�ROKDU��HP�SHUVSHFWLYD�F{QLFD��DIXQLODGR�QRV�OLPLWHV�GD�IRWRJUD¿D�
DpUHD��� IRL� SRVVtYHO� ID]HU� XPD� EXVFD� PLQXFLRVD�� ORFDU� R� GRPtQLR� WULDQJXODU� FRP�
HGL¿FDo}HV�H�GHVWDFDU�GR�FRQMXQWR�D�FDVD�j�5XD�'U��7UDMDQR�5HLV�������SDWULP{QLR�GH�
LQWHUHVVH�KLVWyULFR��8QLGDGH�GH�,QWHUHVVH�GH�3UHVHUYDomR�±�8,3��SDUD�R�0XQLFtSLR��HP�
&XULWLED��3DUDQi��2QGH�DFRQWHFHX�R� IHQ{PHQR�SRpWLFR�H�YLVXDO��REMHWR�GHVWD� UHÀH[mR�
SROLVVrPLFD�� SODQWHL� R� UDPR� GR�7HDWUR�PRQyWRQR��� tFRQH� GD� RFXSDomR� SURYLVyULD�� GH
�
� � �����������BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB
� � � � � � � � � ��³����&REHUWXUD�DHURIRWRJUDPpWULFD��&RQMXQWR�GH� IRWRJUD¿DV�GH�GHWHUPLQDGD�UHJLmR�TXH�
REWLGDV�SRU�PHLR�GH�XPD�FkPDUD�IRWRJUDPpWULFD�GH�SUHFLVmR�D�ERUGR�GH�XPD�DHURQDYH���´��&2%(5785$�
DHURIRWRJUDPpWULFD��JORVViULR��'LVSRQtYHO�HP���ZZZ�HVWHLR�FRP�EU�JORVVDULR�JORVV�&�KWP�!�$FHVVR�HP��
���GH�GH]HPEUR�GH�������
� ������������������,167,7872�'(�3(648,6$�(�3/$1(-$0(172�85%$12�'(�&85,7,%$�±�,338&��
5HJLmR�GR�6mR�)UDQFLVFR�±�3DUDQi��IRWRJUD¿D�DpUHD��&XULWLED��������(VFDOD����������
� �������������7HDWUR�PRQyWRQR�p�D�GHQRPLQDomR�FULDGD�H�XVDGD�SHOD�DUWLVWD�SDUD�LGHQWL¿FDU�R�WUDEDOKR�HP�
SURFHVVR��LQLFLDGR�QR�5LR�*UDQGH�GR�6XO�����������LWLQHUDQWH�SHOR�%UDVLO��SULQFLSDOPHQWH�QRV�(VWDGRV�GH�
6DQWD�&DWDULQD�H�3DUDQi��TXH�YHP�UHDOL]DQGR�SRU�YRQWDGH�SHVVRDO�GH�DSUHQGL]DJHP��VHP�¿QV�OXFUDWLYRV�
H�HP�HVWiJLR�GH�VRFLDOL]DomR�
��������������������,QLFLDOPHQWH�([�OLEULV��VHX�XVR�IRL�H[SDQGLGR�GR�VHQWLGR�GH�SURSULHGDGH��LVWR�p��µGRV�OLYURV¶��
R� UDPR� GR�7HDWUR�PRQyWRQR� IRL� UHSUHVHQWDGR�� HP� GHVHQKR�� D� SDUWLU� GH� XPD� SODQWD� FRQKHFLGD� FRPR�
VHQVLWLYD��0LPRVD�SXGLFD���FXOWLYDGD�HP�MDUGLP��&KDPD�DWHQomR�D�GHIHVD�GDV�IROKDV�TXH�VH�IHFKDP�DRV�
WRTXHV��DIDVWDQGR�VH�GR�SUHGDGRU��2�FDULPER�IRL�HVFDYDGR�HP�XP�GRV�ODGRV�GH�XPD�ERUUDFKD�TXDGUDGD��
PHGLQGR����[���[�FP��SHOD�DUWLVWD�$QD�*RQ]iOH]��HP������
�
DFHVVR�j�PHWiIRUD�GD�iUYRUH�FXMD�FRSD�³����VH�GHVGREUD�YLVLYHOPHQWH�SDUD�WRGRV�RV�
ODGRV��QR�WHPSR�H�QR�HVSDoR��D�PHVPD�FRLVD�DFRQWHFH�QR�FDVR�GD�REUD�GH�DUWH���´����������������
�./((�������������
$�IRWRJUD¿D�DpUHD�GD�5HJLmR�GR�6mR�)UDQFLVFR��),*85$����IRL�WUDQV¿JXUDGD�
FRP�R�REMHWLYR�GH�LQGLFDU�RV�FDPLQKRV�GH�LGD�H�RV�FDPLQKRV�GH�YROWD�SDUD�D�FDVD�j�
5XD�'U��7UDMDQR�5HLV�������FRQVLGHUDQGR�VH�D�5HJLmR�GR�&DEUDO�FRPR�UHIHUrQFLD�GH�
SDUWLGD�H�FKHJDGD��VHJXLQGR�RV�WUDoDGRV�HVYDtGRV�GD�LPDJHP�HVWiWLFD�GD�FLUFXODomR��
&RPSULGRV��LQFRQWiYHLV�YH]HV�SHUFRUULGRV��UHQGHULDP�VXSHUSRVLo}HV�TXH�URPSHULDP�
XPD�IROKD�GH�SDSHO�QD�LQWHQVLGDGH�GD�H[SUHVVmR��6RE�GLVFUHWD�URWLQD�IRUDP�GHFLIUDGRV�
RV�VLQDLV�GD�FLGDGH�SODQHMDGD��$R�HQWDUGHFHU��D�LOXPLQDomR�DUWL¿FLDO�SHQHWUD�QD�OX]�
QDWXUDO�TXH�VH�UHWUDL�DWUDLQGR�D�VRPEUD��RV�YROXPHV�VH�UHGX]HP�D�UHFRUWHV�FKDSDGRV�
H�R�VLOrQFLR�VH�DODVWUD�FRP�D�GLVSHUVmR�GRV�WUDQVHXQWHV�QD�QRLWH�FRPXP���������������������
2�FHQiULR�GH�/D�FDVD�GH�$VWHULyQ�±�FRP�XP�Q~PHUR�µLQ¿QLWR¶�GH�SRUWDV�DEHUWDV�
SDUD�HQWUDU�DTXHOH�TXH�TXLVHU��SHVVRDV�H�DQLPDLV��GLD�H�QRLWH��VHP�XPD�IHFKDGXUD��
VHP�XP�Vy�PyYHO��VHP�R�DSDUDWR�EL]DUUR�GRV�SDOiFLRV��PDV�TXLHWXGH�H�VROLGmR�±�p�
³����GHO�WDPDQKR�GHO�PXQGR��PHMRU�GLFKR��HV�HO�PXQGR´��%25*(6�������������4XDO�
p�R�µWDPDQKR�GR�PXQGR¶"�6HULD�SUHFLSLWDGR�D¿UPDU�TXH�8PD�FDVD�HP�GHVPDQFKR�IRL�
FRQVLGHUDGD�GR�WDPDQKR�GR�PXQGR��RX�VH�IRL�R�PXQGR�±�FRP�XP�Q~PHUR�¿QLWR�GH�
SRUWDV�TXH�QmR�HVWDYDP�DEHUWDV�SDUD�HQWUDU�DTXHOH�TXH�TXLVHVVH��SHVVRDV�H�DQLPDLV��GLD�
H�QRLWH��FRP�IHFKDGXUDV��FRP�PRELOLiULR��FRP�R�DSDUDWR�EL]DUUR�GDV�FDVDV�EXUJXHVDV��
PDV�TXLHWXGH�H�VROLGmR��&UHLR�TXH�QmR�VHUmR�HQFRQWUDGDV�RXWUDV�FDVDV�LJXDLV�D�HVVDV�
QD� IDFH�GD� WHUUD��HQTXDQWR�XPD�SHUPDQHFH�SULVLRQHLUD�GR�¿QtVVLPR�FRQWR��D�RXWUD�
VH�DEULX�HP�GLiORJR�IHFXQGR��GR�LQWHULRU�SDUD�R�H[WHULRU�FRQKHFL�VHXV�VHJUHGRV��jV�
YLVWDV�� DV� TXDOLGDGHV� SOiVWLFDV� H� R� DSXUR� FRQVWUXWLYR�� D� UHGH� HOpWULFD�� D� KLGUiXOLFD�
FRQWLQXDomR�GRV�ULRV�FRPSDUiYHLV�DR�VDQJtQHR�QDV�YHLDV��R�FRPSOH[R�GRV�FXSLQV�
TXH�VH�GHVHQYROYHP�SRU�PHWDPRUIRVHV�JUDGXDLV�QRV�VXEWHUUkQHRV��DV�FXUYDV�GH�QtYHO�
GR� VROR��³����3RU�DFDVR�XPD�SLQWXUD� VXUJH�GH�XPD� Vy� YH]"�1mR�� HOD� p� FRQVWUXtGD�
SHGDoR� D� SHGDoR�� DVVLP� FRPR� XPD� FDVD�´� �./((�� ������ �����2X� GHVFRQVWUXtGD��
SHGDoR�D�SHGDoR��UHVVDLQGR�GD�YLROrQFLD�QRYDGRUD�
�
2�/HYDQWDPHQWR�DUTXLWHW{QLFR��UHDOL]DGR�SDUD�HVWH�3URMHWR�GH�ORQJR�SUD]R��
UHSUHVHQWD�D�3/$17$�3$9,0(172�7e55(2� �),*85$�����D�3/$17$�'2�6Ï7­2�
�),*85$� ���� D�(/(9$d­2� H� D� ,03/$17$d­2� � �),*85$� ���� R�'(7$/+(� '$�
(6&$'$�H�R�&257(�$$���),*85$����GD�FDVD�j�5XD�'U��7UDMDQR�5HLV��������3UHWHQGH�
VH� SHUFHEHU� H� LGHQWL¿FDU� DV� DWXDLV� GLPHQV}HV� GH� HVSDoR� H� WHPSR� FRP� D� ¿QDOLGDGH�
GH� HVWDEHOHFHU� QRYDV� H� SURIXQGDV� UHODo}HV� SRpWLFR�YLVXDLV� SDUWLQGR� GR� IHQ{PHQR�
GD� GHVFRQVWUXomR�FRQVWUXomR� GR� DFRQWHFHU� WRWDO� QD� HVWpWLFD� GR� FRWLGLDQR��(P� FLQFR�
FDStWXORV�TXH�FRUUHVSRQGHP�j�RUJDQL]DomR�H�j�GLVSRVLomR�GDV�SDODYUDV�H�GDV�LPDJHQV��
$SUHVHQWR� R�'LiULR� GH� SHVTXLVD� H� RV� (QWUySLFRV� IRWRJUi¿FRV� FRPR� UHVXOWDGRV� GD�
IUDJPHQWDomR�H�GD�PRQWDJHP��IRFDQGR�D�GHVRUGHP�QR�VLVWHPD�RQGH�IRUDP�REVHUYDGRV�
GHVORFDPHQWRV� H� WUDQVIRUPDo}HV� DWp� R� HVYD]LDPHQWR� H� R� GHVPDQFKR�� 3HQHWUDU� QD�
VtQWHVH�FRPR�SRVVLELOLGDGH�GH�YHU��HP�PRYLPHQWR��PHGLDQWH�RV�UHFXUVRV�GD�YLGHRDUWH��
R�GHVWLQR�VH�HQFDPLQKD�SRU�PHLR�GH�Do}HV�SRpWLFDV�QR�HVSDoR�XUEDQR��
'HWHUPLQD�VH�R�'LiULR�GH�SHVTXLVD�VXEGLYLGLGR�HP�FLQFR�FDStWXORV��D�VDEHU��
��� GH� ��� GH� IHYHUHLUR� GH� ����� D� ��� GH� RXWXEUR� GH� ����� ±�GHVHQKRV� H� FDOLJUD¿D� D�
QDQTXLP�VREUH�SDSHO�GH�VHGD�����GH����GH�RXWXEUR�GH������D����GH�DJRVWR�GH������±�D�
PiTXLQD�IRWRJUi¿FD�p�PDLV�UiSLGD�����GH����GH�DJRVWR�GH������D����GH�IHYHUHLUR�GH�
�����±�D�PRYLPHQWDomR�GRV�REMHWRV�����GH����GH�IHYHUHLUR�GH������D����GH�GH]HPEUR�
GH������±�FURTXLV�SDUD�SURYiYHLV�SLQWXUDV�����GH����GH�GH]HPEUR�GH������D����GH�
MDQHLUR�GH������±�SDVVDJHP�SRU�EDWHQWHV�H�GHJUDXV��'RV�FLQFR�FDStWXORV��R�SULPHLUR��
R�VHJXQGR�H�R�WHUFHLUR�IRUDP�GHVHQYROYLGRV�QR�GHFRUUHU�GR�VpFXOR�;;��R�TXDUWR�H�R�
TXLQWR��QR�VpFXOR�;;,��7+20$=�����������������
2� IXWXUR� FKHJD� GHSUHVVD� H� WUrV� DFRQWHFLPHQWRV� HQULTXHFHUDP� R� TXLQWR�
FDStWXOR�GR�'LiULR�GH�SHVTXLVD��D�VDEHU��R�DFHVVR�j�UHFHQWHV�SXEOLFDo}HV�GH�REUDV�FRPR�
R�PRGHOR�LQDFDEDGR�QR�/LEUR�GH�ORV�SDVDMHV�GH�:DOWHU�%HQMDPLQ�������������H�&yPR�
YLYLU�MXQWRV�GH�5RODQG�%DUWKHV��������������SX]]OHV�GH�WHPDV�H�FLWDo}HV��GDV�ÀRUHV��
SRU�H[HPSOR��D�SDUWLFLSDomR�QD�&DPLQDWD�XUEDQD��RUJDQL]DGD�SRU�(VWHEDQ�,HUDUGR��QR�
ODELULQWR�GR�3DUTXH�&KD]��&LXGDG�GH�%XHQRV�$LUHV��HP����GH�RXWXEUR�GH������±�ËFDUR�
UHDSDUHFH�D�FpX�DEHUWR�HP�WHUULWyULR�HVWUDQJHLUR��RV�SULPHLURV�FRQWDWRV�FRP�R�HVSyOLR�
�
GH�*RUGRQ�0DWWD�&ODUN� �������������SDUFLDOPHQWH�H[SRVWR�GXUDQWH�D����%LHQDO�GH�
6mR�3DXOR��HP����H����GH�QRYHPEUR��7HQGR�FRPR�SRQWR�GH�SDUWLGD�D�FRQFHSomR�GH�VLWH�
VSHFL¿F��LVWR�p��GR�FRQKHFLPHQWR�GR�HVSDoR�FRPR�VXSRUWH�GD�DUWH��SDVVD�D�ID]HU�VHQWLGR�
XP�FRQWUDSRQWR�HQWUH�REUDV���6SOLWWLQJ�>5DFKDQGR@��%LQJR�H�8PD�FDVD�HP�GHVPDQFKR��
&RPR� UHÀHWLU� D� UHVSHLWR� GH� SRpWLFDV� YLVXDLV�� VH� R� TXH� QmR� YHMR�

Crie agora seu perfil grátis para visualizar sem restrições.