138 pág.

# Pontes Metálicas

DisciplinaEstruturas Metálicas1.325 materiais12.728 seguidores
Pré-visualização16 páginas
```VmR\ufffd RV\ufffd HOHYDGRV\ufffd GD\ufffd 3HULPHWUDO\ufffd \ufffd H\ufffd /LQKD\ufffd
9HUPHOKD\ufffdQD\ufffdFLGDGH\ufffdGR\ufffd5LR\ufffdGH\ufffd-DQHLUR\ufffd\ufffd
2\ufffdHOHYDGR\ufffdGD\ufffd3HULPHWUDO\ufffdFRQVWUXtGR\ufffdGH\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd
WHP\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdP\ufffdGH\ufffdFRPSULPHQWR\ufffd\ufffdFRP\ufffdYmRV\ufffdYDULDQGR\ufffd
GH\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdD\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdP\ufffd\ufffdH\ufffdODUJXUD\ufffdGH\ufffdSLVWD\ufffdGH\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdP\ufffdSDUD\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd
IDL[DV\ufffdGH\ufffdWUiIHJR\ufffd\ufffdWRGR\ufffdHP\ufffdYLJDV\ufffdEL\ufffdDSRLDGDV\ufffd\ufffd
IRUPDGR\ufffd SRU\ufffd ORQJDULQDV\ufffd H\ufffd WUDQVYHUVLQDV\ufffd\ufffd
IRUPDQGR\ufffdJUHOKDV\ufffd\ufffd1HVWH\ufffdHOHYDGR\ufffd\ufffdR\ufffdFRQVXPR\ufffdGH\ufffd
DoR\ufffd\ufffdDOWD\ufffdUHVLVWrQFLD\ufffdj\ufffdFRUURVmR\ufffdDWPRVIpULFD\ufffd\ufffdIRL\ufffd
GD\ufffdRUGHP\ufffdGH\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdW\ufffdH\ufffdR\ufffdGH\ufffdFRQFUHWR\ufffdGH\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd
P\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd
2\ufffdHOHYDGR\ufffdGD\ufffd/LQKD\ufffd9HUPHOKD\ufffdIRL\ufffdFRQVWUXtGR\ufffdHP\ufffd
GXDV\ufffdHWDSDV\ufffd\ufffdVHQGR\ufffdD\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdD\ufffdGH\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdH\ufffdD\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdD\ufffdGH\ufffd
\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\$\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdD\ufffdHWDSD\ufffdFRP\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdP\ufffd\ufffdYmRV\ufffdYDULDQGR\ufffd
GH\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdD\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdP\ufffd\ufffdODUJXUD\ufffdGH\ufffdSLVWD\ufffdYDULiYHO\ufffd\ufffdVHQGR\ufffd
HP\ufffdDOJXQV\ufffdWUHFKRV\ufffdGH\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdSLVWDV\ufffdGH\ufffdWUiIHJR\ufffd\ufffdH\ufffdHP\ufffd
RXWUDV\ufffd \ufffd\ufffdSLVWDV\ufffd\ufffd VHQGR\ufffdSDUWH\ufffd HP\ufffdYLJD\ufffd FDL[mR\ufffd
FRQWtQXD\ufffdH\ufffdSDUWH\ufffdHP\ufffdJUHOKDV\ufffd\ufffdFRQVXPLQGR\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd
WRQHODGDV\ufffdGH\ufffdDoR\ufffdH\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdP\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdGH\ufffdFRQFUHWR\ufffd\ufffd\$\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdD\ufffd
)LJXUD\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd3RQWH\ufffdHP\ufffdYLJDV\ufffdPLVWDV
\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd
HWDSD\ufffdFRP\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdP\ufffd\ufffdYmRV\ufffdYDULDQGR\ufffdGH\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdD\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdP\ufffd\ufffd
ODUJXUD\ufffd GH\ufffd SLVWD\ufffd GH\ufffd \ufffd\ufffdP\ufffd FRQVXPLQGR\ufffd \ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd
WRQHODGDV\ufffdGH\ufffdDoR\ufffd\ufffdH\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdP\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd GH\ufffdFRQFUHWR\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd
)LJ\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd
1HVWH\ufffd UHVXPR\ufffd\ufffd PXLWRV\ufffd GHWDOKHV\ufffd KLVWyULFRV\ufffd
LQWHUHVVDQWHV\ufffd WLYHUDP\ufffdTXH\ufffdVHU\ufffd RPLWLGRV\ufffd\ufffdPDV\ufffd
SRGHPRV\ufffdGL]HU\ufffdTXH\ufffdDV\ufffdSRQWHV\ufffdPHWiOLFDV\ufffdVmR\ufffd
WmR\ufffdRX\ufffdPDLV\ufffdDQWLJDV\ufffdTXH\ufffdDV\ufffdGH\ufffdFRQFUHWR\ufffdFXMD\ufffd
SULPHLUD\ufffd SRQWH\ufffd IRL\ufffd FRQVWUXtGD\ufffd QD\ufffd )UDQoD\ufffd HP\ufffd
\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdSDUD\ufffd XP\ufffd YmR\ufffd GH\ufffd \ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdP\ufffd\ufffd ILFDQGR\ufffd VHX\ufffd
LQFUHPHQWR\ufffd SDUD\ufffd R\ufffd LQtFLR\ufffd GR\ufffd VpFXOR\ufffd\ufffd\$\ufffdPDLV\ufffd
UHFHQWH\ufffdWpFQLFD\ufffdGR\ufffdFRQFUHWR\ufffd\ufffdR\ufffdSURWHQGLGR\ufffdGDWD\ufffd
GH\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd
\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd±\ufffd5HVXPR\ufffdGDV\ufffdSULQFLSDLV\ufffd\ufffdSRQWHV\ufffdH\ufffd
YLDGXWRV\ufffdHP\ufffdDoR\ufffdFRP\ufffdSURMHWRV\ufffdQDFLR\ufffd\ufffd
QDLV\ufffdDOpP\ufffdGRV\ufffdMi\ufffdPRVWUDGRV\ufffd
(YROXomR\ufffdKLVWyULFD\ufffdGRV\ufffdSURMHWRV\ufffdGH\ufffdSRQWHV\ufffd
)LJXUD\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd±\ufffd(OHYDGR\ufffdGD\ufffd3HULPHWUDO\ufffd
)LJXUD\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd±\ufffd(OHYDGR\ufffdGD\ufffd/LQKD\ufffd9HUPHOKD\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdD\ufffd HWDSD\ufffd
)LJXUD\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd±\ufffd3RQWH\ufffdURGRIHUURYLiULD\ufffdVREUH\ufffdR\ufffd5LR\ufffd3DUDQi\ufffd±\ufffd
6mR\ufffd3DXOR\ufffd±\ufffd0DWR\ufffd*URVVR\ufffdGR\ufffd6XO\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdP\ufffd\ufffd
)LJXUD\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd±\ufffd3RQWH\ufffd5RGRIHUURYLiULD\ufffdVREUH\ufffdR\ufffd5LR\ufffd7RFDQWLQV\ufffd
±\ufffd0DUDEi\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd35\ufffd±\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdP\ufffd\ufffd
)LJXUD\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd±\ufffd9LDGXWR\ufffdVREUH\ufffdD\ufffdSUDoD\ufffd*HQHUDO\ufffd'DOOH\ufffd&RXWLQKR\ufffd
±\ufffd2VDVFR\ufffd±\ufffd63\ufffd±\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdP\ufffd
\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd
)LJXUD\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd±\ufffd3RQWH\ufffd9LWyULD\ufffd±9LOD\ufffd9HOKD\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd(6\ufffd±\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdP\ufffd
)LJXUD\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd±\ufffd9LDGXWR\ufffdGD\ufffd/LQKD\ufffd9HUPHOKD\ufffd\ufffdVREUH\ufffdD\ufffd\$Y\ufffd\ufffd%UDVLO\ufffd±\ufffd
5LR\ufffdGH\ufffd-DQHLUR\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdP\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdD\ufffd HWDSD\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd
)LJXUD\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd±\ufffd9LDGXWR\ufffdGD\ufffd/LQKD\ufffd9HUPHOKD\ufffd±\ufffd&DPSR\ufffdGH\ufffd6mR\ufffd
&ULVWyYmR\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdD\ufffd HWDSD\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd5LR\ufffdGH\ufffd-DQHLUR\ufffd
)LJXUD\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd±\ufffd9LDGXWR\ufffdVREUH\ufffdD\ufffdYLD\ufffd\ufffd'XWUD\ufffdHQWUDGD\ufffdGH\ufffd9ROWD\ufffd
5HGRQGD\ufffd \ufffd\ufffd \ufffd\ufffdP\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd
\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd±\ufffd(VWiJLR\ufffdDWXDO\ufffdH\ufffdIXWXUR\ufffdGDV\ufffdSRQWHV\ufffd
H\ufffdYLDGXWRV\ufffd
(PERUD\ufffdR\ufffdS~EOLFR\ufffdH\ufffdDOJXQV\ufffdDUTXLWHWRV\ufffdH\ufffdHQJH\ufffd\ufffd
QKHLURV\ufffdGH\ufffdFDGD\ufffdpSRFD\ufffdDFUHGLWDVVHP\ufffdWHU\ufffdDOFDQ\ufffd\ufffd
oDGR\ufffdR\ufffdOLPLWH\ufffd~OWLPR\ufffdSDUD\ufffdSURMHWR\ufffdH\ufffdFRQVWUXomR\ufffd
GH\ufffdSRQWHV\ufffdH\ufffdYLDGXWRV\ufffdH\ufffdDVVLP\ufffdWHU\ufffdFKHJDGR\ufffdQR\ufffd
ILP\ufffdGD\ufffdHVWUDGD\ufffdGRV\ufffdQRYRV\ufffdGHVHQYROYLPHQWRV\ufffd\ufffdD\ufffd
+LVWyULD\ufffdWHP\ufffdLQGLFDGR\ufffdXPD\ufffdRXWUD\ufffdUHDOLGDGH\ufffd\ufffd
+RMH\ufffdR\ufffdHQJHQKHLUR\ufffdHVWUXWXUDO\ufffdWHP\ufffdD\ufffdVXD\ufffdGLVSR\ufffd\ufffd
VLomR\ufffdXP\ufffdJUDQGH\ufffdSRGHU\ufffdGH\ufffdDQiOLVH\ufffd\ufffdFRP\ufffdR\ufffdXVR\ufffd
GH\ufffdSURJUDPDV\ufffd FRPSXWDFLRQDLV\ufffd QXQFD\ufffd DQWHV\ufffd
LPDJLQDGR\ufffd\ufffd(VWD\ufffdIHUUDPHQWD\ufffdSRGH\ufffdGHVHQYROYHU\ufffd
HP\ufffdPLQXWRV\ufffdR\ufffdTXH\ufffdDQWHV\ufffdOHYDULD\ufffdPHVHV\ufffdRX\ufffdDQRV\ufffd\ufffd
&RP\ufffdHVWH\ufffd JDQKR\ufffd GH\ufffd WHPSR\ufffd\ufffdPXLWRV\ufffd WLSRV\ufffd GH\ufffd
SRQWHV\ufffd WrP\ufffdVLGR\ufffd LQYHVWLJDGDV\ufffdH\ufffdRXWUDV\ufffdHVWmR\ufffd
DWLQJLQGR\ufffdR\ufffdVHX\ufffdGLPHQVLRQDPHQWR\ufffdyWLPR\ufffd\ufffd
)LJXUD\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd±\ufffd3RQWH\ufffd-.\ufffd±\ufffd%UDVtOLD
\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd
(YROXomR\ufffdKLVWyULFD\ufffdGRV\ufffdSURMHWRV\ufffdGH\ufffdSRQWHV\ufffd
1RYRV\ufffdPDWHULDLV\ufffdVHP\ufffdG~YLGD\ufffdDSDUHFHUmR\ufffd\ufffdWRU\ufffd\ufffd
QDQGR\ufffdSRVVtYHO\ufffdSRQWHV\ufffdH\ufffdYLDGXWRV\ufffdPDLV\ufffdOHYHV\ufffdH\ufffd
ERQLWRV\ufffd\ufffd2\ufffdGHVDILR\ufffdH[LVWH\ufffdH\ufffdVRPHQWH\ufffdRV\ufffdHQJH\ufffd\ufffd
QKHLURV\ufffdTXDOLILFDGRV\ufffdWHUmR\ufffdVXFHVVR\ufffdQRV\ufffdQRYRV\ufffd
WHPSRV\ufffd\ufffd
)LJXUD\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd±\ufffd3RQWH\ufffdSDVVDUHOD\ufffdHP\ufffd0DQFKHVWHU\ufffd,QJODWHUUD\ufffd
)LJXUD\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd±\ufffd3RQWH\ufffd'DPHQ\ufffd\$YHQXH\ufffdHP\ufffd&KLFDJR\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd(8\$\ufffd
)LJXUD\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd±\ufffd3RQWH\ufffd\$QWUHQDV\ufffdHP\ufffd0DUYHMROV\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd)UDQoD\ufffd
)LJXUD\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd±\ufffd3RQWH\ufffd6ROIpULQR\ufffd)RRWEULGJH\ufffdHP\ufffd3DULV\ufffd \ufffd\ufffd)UDQoD
\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd
&DStWXOR\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd
7LSRV\ufffdGH\ufffdVXSHUHVWUXWXUDV\ufffd
GH\ufffdSRQWHV\ufffdH\ufffdYLDGXWRV
\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd
7LSRV\ufffdGH\ufffdVXSHUHVWUXWXUDV\ufffdGH\ufffdSRQWHV\ufffdH\ufffdYLDGXWRV\ufffd
\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd±\ufffd,QWURGXomR\ufffd
\$\ufffdHVFROKD\ufffdGD\ufffdVXSHUHVWUXWXUD\ufffd\ufffdGH\ufffdXPD\ufffdSRQWH\ufffdRX\ufffd
YLDGXWR\ufffd\ufffdGHSHQGH\ufffdGH\ufffdYiULRV\ufffdIDWRUHV\ufffdTXH\ufffdGHYHP\ufffd
VHU\ufffdOHYDGRV\ufffdHP\ufffdFRQVLGHUDomR\ufffd\ufffdWDLV\ufffdFRPR\ufffd\ufffd
\ufffd )XQomR\ufffd
\ufffd 7RSRJUDILD\ufffdORFDO\ufffd
\ufffd 1DWXUH]D\ufffdGR\ufffdVROR\ufffd
\ufffd ([WHQVmR\ufffdH\ufffdYmR\ufffdOLYUH\ufffdQHFHVViULR\ufffd
\ufffd *DEDULWRV\ufffdD\ufffdVHUHP\ufffdREHGHFLGRV\ufffd
\ufffd (VWpWLFD\ufffd
\ufffd \$FHVVRV\ufffd
\ufffd /RFDOL]DomR\ufffd
\ufffd 7HPSR\ufffdGH\ufffdH[HFXomR\ufffdSUHYLVWR\ufffd
\ufffd &XVWRV\ufffdGLVSRQtYHLV\ufffdSDUD\ufffdD\ufffdREUD\ufffd\ufffd
(P\ufffd REUDV\ufffd GH\ufffdPDLRU\ufffd H[SUHVVmR\ufffd\ufffd p\ufffd QRUPDO\ufffd D\ufffd
FRQWUDWDomR\ufffdGH\ufffd XP\ufffdHVFULWyULR\ufffd GH\ufffdHQJHQKDULD\ufffd
HVSHFLDOL]DGR\ufffdQR\ufffdDVVXQWR\ufffd\ufffdSDUD\ufffdID]HU\ufffdXP\ufffdHVWX\ufffd\ufffd
GR\ufffdGH\ufffdYLDELOLGDGH\ufffdWpFQLFD\ufffdH\ufffdHFRQ{PLFD\ufffd\ufffdDQWHV\ufffd
GH\ufffdVH\ufffdUHDOL]DU\ufffdD\ufffdFRQFRUUrQFLD\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd
\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd±\ufffd7LSRV\ufffdGH\ufffd6XSHUHVWUXWXUDV\ufffd
([LVWH\ufffdXPD\ufffdVpULH\ufffdGH\ufffdFRQFHSo}HV\ufffdHVWUXWXUDLV\ufffdSDUD\ufffd
VHUHP\ufffdXVDGRV\ufffdFRPR\ufffdVXSHUHVWUXWXUDV\ufffdQR\ufffdSURMHWR\ufffd
GH\ufffdXPD\ufffdSRQWH\ufffdRX\ufffdYLDGXWR\ufffd\ufffdGHQWUH\ufffdHODV\ufffdSRGHPRV\ufffd
FLWDU\ufffd\ufffd
\ufffd\ufffd9LJDV\ufffd\ufffdGH\ufffdDOPD\ufffdFKHLD\ufffd
\ufffd\ufffd7UHOLoDV\ufffd
\ufffd\ufffd9LJDV\ufffdHP\ufffdFDL[mR\ufffd
\ufffd\ufffd3yUWLFRV\ufffd
\ufffd\ufffd\$UFRV\ufffd
\ufffd\ufffd9LJDV\ufffdPLVWDV\ufffd
\ufffd\ufffd6XVSHQVDV\ufffdSRU\ufffdFDERV\ufffd\ufffdHVWDLDGDV\ufffdH\ufffdSrQVHLV\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd
\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd±\ufffd\ufffd9LJDV\ufffdGH\ufffd\$OPD\ufffd&KHLD\ufffd
,QWURGXomR\ufffd
&RP\ufffd R\ufffd DGYHQWR\ufffd GRV\ufffd SHUILV\ufffd ODPLQDGRV\ufffd DWp\ufffd
\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdPP\ufffd\ufffdH\ufffdSRVWHULRUPHQWH\ufffdFRP\ufffdD\ufffdGLIXVmR\ufffdGRV\ufffd
SHUILV\ufffdVROGDGRV\ufffdDWp\ufffdD\ufffdDOWXUD\ufffdGHVHMDGD\ufffd\ufffdp\ufffdSRVVt\ufffd\ufffd
YHO\ufffdD\ufffdFRQVWUXomR\ufffdGH\ufffdSRQWHV\ufffdGH\ufffdWDEXOHLUR\ufffdVLPSOHV\ufffd\ufffd
R\ufffdTXH\ufffdQR\ufffdSDVVDGR\ufffdHUD\ufffdEHP\ufffdPDLV\ufffdFRPSOLFDGR\ufffd\ufffd
SRLV\ufffdHUD\ufffdQHFHVViULR\ufffdD\ufffdFRPSRVLomR\ufffdFRP\ufffdUHELWHV\ufffd\ufffd
(P\ufffdJHUDO\ufffdD\ufffdDOWXUD\ufffdyWLPD\ufffdGDV\ufffdYLJDV\ufffdILFD\ufffdHQWUH\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd
\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdD\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdGR\ufffdYmR\ufffdH\ufffdVmR\ufffdXVDGRV\ufffdRV\ufffdVHJXLQWHV\ufffd
WLSRV\ufffdGH\ufffdSHUILV\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd
3HUILO\ufffdODPLQDGR\ufffd\ufffdRV\ufffd\ufffdSHUILV\ufffdODPLQDGRV\ufffdQR\ufffd%UDVLO\ufffd
VmR\ufffdHQFRQWUDGRV\ufffdFRP\ufffdDOWXUD\ufffdDWp\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdPP\ufffd\ufffdH\ufffdSHU\ufffd\ufffd
PLWHP\ufffdD\ufffdFRQVWUXomR\ufffdGH\ufffdSRQWHV\ufffdFRP\ufffdYmRV\ufffd\ufffdDWp\ufffd
\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdP\ufffd\ufffdPDV\ufffdFRP\ufffdR\ufffdXVR\ufffdGH\ufffdXPD\ufffdFKDSD\ufffdGH\ufffdUH\ufffd\ufffd
IRUoR\ufffdQD\ufffdPHVD\ufffdLQIHULRU\ufffdH\ufffdQR\ufffdVLVWHPD\ufffdPLVWR\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdWD\ufffd\ufffd
EXOHLUR\ufffdGH\ufffdFRQFUHWR\ufffd WUDEDOKDQGR\ufffd MXQWR\ufffdFRP\ufffdD\ufffd
PHVD\ufffd VXSHULRU\ufffd GD\ufffd YLJD\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd SHUPLWHP\ufffd\ufffdYmRV\ufffdDWp\ufffd
\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdP\ufffd\ufffd2\ufffdDoR\ufffdHPSUHJDGR\ufffd p\ufffd HP\ufffdJHUDO\ufffd WLSR\ufffd
\$670\ufffd\$\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdFRP\ufffd)\\ufffd \ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdN1\ufffdFP\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd
3HUILO\ufffdVROGDGR\ufffd\ufffdRV\ufffdSHUILV\ufffdVROGDGRV\ufffdQmR\ufffdWrP\ufffdOL\ufffd\ufffd
PLWHV\ufffdGH\ufffdDOWXUD\ufffdSDUD\ufffdVXD\ufffdIDEULFDomR\ufffd\ufffdH\ufffdSRGHP\ufffd
VHU\ufffdFRPSRVWRV\ufffdGH\ufffdYiULDV\ufffdPDQHLUDV\ufffdSDUD\ufffdSRGH\ufffd\ufffd
UHP\ufffdVHU\ufffdRV\ufffdPDLV\ufffdHFRQ{PLFRV\ufffdQD\ufffdFRQVWUXomR\ufffdGD\ufffd
VXSHUHVWUXWXUD\ufffdGDV\ufffdSRQWHV\ufffdH\ufffdYLDGXWRV\ufffd\ufffd
3DUD\ufffd YmRV\ufffdDWp\ufffd \ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdP\ufffdXVD\ufffdVH\ufffd HP\ufffdJHUDO\ufffd XPD\ufffd
PHVPD\ufffdHVSHVVXUD\ufffdH\ufffdODUJXUD\ufffdSDUD\ufffdDV\ufffdFKDSDV\ufffd\ufffdGH\ufffd
PHVD\ufffdSDUD\ufffdHVWUXWXUDV\ufffdQmR\ufffdPLVWDV\ufffd\ufffdPDV\ufffdVH\ufffdR\ufffdVLV\ufffd\ufffd
WHPD\ufffd IRU\ufffdPLVWR\ufffd GHYH\ufffdVH\ufffd XVDU\ufffd XPD\ufffd FKDSD\ufffd GH\ufffd
PHVPD\ufffdODUJXUD\ufffdH\ufffdHVSHVVXUDV\ufffdGLIHUHQWH\ufffdSDUD\ufffdDV\ufffd
PHVDV\ufffd\ufffdVHQGR\ufffdD\ufffdPDLV\ufffdILQD\ufffdSDUD\ufffdD\ufffdPHVD\ufffdFRPSUL\ufffd\ufffd
PLGD\ufffd\ufffd
3DUD\ufffdYmRV\ufffdDFLPD\ufffdGH\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdP\ufffdR\ufffdUHFRPHQGiYHO\ufffdH\ufffd
R\ufffdPDLV\ufffdHFRQ{PLFR\ufffdp\ufffdR\ufffdXVR\ufffdGH\ufffdYLJDV\ufffdPLVWDV\ufffdFRP\ufffd
YDULDomR\ufffdGH\ufffdHVSHVVXUD\ufffdGDV\ufffdPHVDV\ufffd\ufffdRX\ufffdYDULD\ufffd\ufffd
omR\ufffdGH\ufffdODUJXUD\ufffdGDV\ufffdPHVPDV\ufffd\ufffd\$VVLP\ufffd\ufffdXP\ufffdYmR\ufffdGH\ufffd
\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdP\ufffdSRGH\ufffdWHU\ufffdD\ufffdSDUWH\ufffdFHQWUDO\ufffdGH\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdP\ufffdFRP\ufffd
PHVDV\ufffdPDLV\ufffdODUJDV\ufffdH\ufffdDV\ufffdSDUWHV\ufffdODWHUDLV\ufffdGH\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd
P\ufffdFRP\ufffdODUJXUDV\ufffdPHQRUHV\ufffd\ufffdRX\ufffdPHVPD\ufffdODUJXUD\ufffdH\ufffd
HVSHVVXUDV\ufffdPHQRUHV\ufffd\ufffd
2\ufffdDVVXQWR\ufffdGHVWH\ufffdFDStWXOR\ufffdVH\ufffdUHVWULQJH\ufffdjV\ufffdYLJDV\ufffd
GH\ufffdXPD\ufffdVy\ufffdDOPD\ufffd\ufffd(ODV\ufffdSRGHP\ufffdVHU\ufffdVLPSOHVPHQ\ufffd\ufffd
WH\ufffdDSRLDGDV\ufffdRX\ufffdFRQWtQXDV\ufffd\ufffdDVVRFLDGDV\ufffdD\ufffdODMH\ufffdRX\ufffd
QmR\ufffd
\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd
)LJXUD\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd±\ufffd6Ho}HV\ufffdWUDQVYHUVDLV\ufffd WtSLFDV\ufffdGH\ufffdYLJDV\ufffdGH\ufffdDOPD\ufffd
FKHLD\ufffd
&DUDFWHUtVWLFDV\ufffdLPSRUWDQWHV\ufffd
D\ufffd\ufffd\$\ufffdSULQFLSDO\ufffdYDQWDJHP\ufffdGH\ufffdXPD\ufffdYLJD\ufffdGH\ufffdDOPD\ufffd
FKHLD\ufffd p\ufffd D\ufffd VLPSOLFLGDGH\ufffd GH\ufffd VXD\ufffd JHRPHWULD\ufffd
FRPSDUDGD\ufffdFRP\ufffdRXWUDV\ufffdDOWHUQDWLYDV\ufffd\ufffdWDLV\ufffdFRPR\ufffd
WUHOLoDV\ufffd\ufffd(VWD\ufffdYDQWDJHP\ufffdSURSLFLD\ufffdFXVWRV\ufffdEDL[RV\ufffd
GH\ufffdIDEULFDomR\ufffd\ufffde\ufffdLPSRUWDQWH\ufffdFRQVHUYi\ufffdOD\ufffdDWUDYpV\ufffd
GH\ufffdXP\ufffdGHWDOKDPHQWR\ufffdFXLGDGRVR\ufffd\ufffdSRU\ufffdH[HPSOR\ufffd\ufffd
HP\ufffd FRQVWUXo}HV\ufffd VROGDGDV\ufffd\ufffd R\ufffd SURMHWR\ufffd GHYH\ufffd
SHUPLWLU\ufffdDR\ufffdPi[LPR\ufffdR\ufffdHPSUHJR\ufffdGH\ufffdSURFHVVRV\ufffd
DXWRPiWLFRV\ufffdH\ufffdVHPL\ufffdDXWRPiWLFRV\ufffdGH\ufffdVROGD\ufffd\ufffd
E\ufffd\ufffd\$\ufffdVLPSOLFLGDGH\ufffdGD\ufffdVHomR\ufffdWUDQVYHUVDO\ufffdWDPEpP\ufffd
FRQWULEXL\ufffdSDUD\ufffdFXVWRV\ufffdGH\ufffdPDQXWHQomR\ufffdUD]RiYHLV\ufffd\ufffd
HPERUD\ufffdQmR\ufffdVH\ufffdSRVVD\ufffdHVSHUDU\ufffdTXH\ufffdVHMDP\ufffdWmR\ufffd
EDL[RV\ufffdFRPR\ufffdHP\ufffdXPD\ufffdHVWUXWXUD\ufffdHP\ufffdFDL[mR\ufffd\ufffd
F\ufffd\ufffd\$\ufffdPDLRULD\ufffdGDV\ufffdSRQWHV\ufffdHP\ufffdYLJDV\ufffdGH\ufffdDOPD\ufffdFKHLD\ufffd
WHP\ufffdR\ufffdWDEXOHLUR\ufffdQR\ufffdQtYHO\ufffdGD\ufffdPHVD\ufffdVXSHULRU\ufffd\ufffdR\ufffd
TXDO\ufffdSRGH\ufffdVHU\ufffdLQWHJUDGR\ufffdjV\ufffdYLJDV\ufffdSDUD\ufffdWUDEDOKDU\ufffd
FRPR\ufffdSDUWH\ufffdGDV\ufffdPHVPDV\ufffd\ufffd
G\ufffd\ufffd+i\ufffdXPD\ufffd WHQGrQFLD\ufffd SDUD\ufffd R\ufffd XVR\ufffd GH\ufffdPHVDV\ufffd
ODUJDV\ufffdH\ufffdILQDV\ufffd\ufffde\ufffdSRVVtYHO\ufffdDMXVWDU\ufffdD\ufffdiUHD\ufffdGD\ufffdPHVD\ufffd
SRU\ufffd XPD\ufffd YDULDomR\ufffd GD\ufffd ODUJXUD\ufffd\ufffd HP\ufffd OXJDU\ufffd GD\ufffd
HVSHVVXUD\ufffd\ufffd e\ufffd WDPEpP\ufffd H[HTtYHO \ufffd SUHYHU\ufffd
HQULMHFHGRUHV\ufffd ORQJLWXGLQDLV\ufffd SDUD\ufffd FRQWURODU\ufffd R\ufffd
FRPSRUWDPHQWR\ufffdGD\ufffdPHVD\ufffd\ufffdODUJD\ufffdj\ufffdIODPEDJHP\ufffd\ufffd
H\ufffd\ufffd\$R\ufffdVH\ufffdSURMHWDU\ufffdD\ufffdDOPD\ufffdGH\ufffdXPD\ufffdYLJD\ufffd\ufffdKi\ufffdXPD\ufffd
HVFROKD\ufffd D\ufffd ID]HU\ufffd HQWUH\ufffd R\ufffd XVR\ufffd GH\ufffd XPD\ufffd DOPD\ufffd
HVSHVVD\ufffdVHP\ufffdRX\ufffdFRP\ufffdSRXFRV\ufffdHQULMHFHGRUHV\ufffdH\ufffd
XPD\ufffd HVEHOWD\ufffd FRP\ufffd XP\ufffd Q~PHUR\ufffd PDLRU\ufffd GH\ufffd
HQULMHFHGRUHV\ufffd\ufffd\$\ufffdHVFROKD\ufffdHVWi\ufffdUHODFLRQDGD\ufffdQR\ufffd
FRQIURQWR\ufffdGH\ufffdFXVWRV\ufffdGH\ufffdPDWHULDO\ufffdH\ufffdPmR\ufffdGH\ufffdREUD\ufffd\ufffd```