Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics by Moran Shapiro

Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics by Moran Shapiro


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5th Edition
John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
\ufffdFundamentals of 
Engineering Thermodynamics
Michael J. Moran
The Ohio State University
Howard N. Shapiro
Iowa State University of Science and Technology
Fundamentals of 
Engineering 
Thermodynamics
5th Edition
John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
\ufffdFundamentals of 
Engineering Thermodynamics
Michael J. Moran
The Ohio State University
Howard N. Shapiro
Iowa State University of Science and Technology
Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons Ltd, The Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichester,
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Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Moran, Michael J.
Fundamentals of engineering thermodynamics: SI version / Michael 
J. Moran, Howard N. Shapiro. -- 5th ed.
p. cm.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN-13 978-0-470-03037-0 (pbk. : alk. paper)
ISBN-10 0-470-03037-2 (pbk. : alk. paper)
1. Thermodynamics. I. Shapiro, Howard N. II. Title.
TJ265.M66 2006
621.402\ufffd1--dc22
2006008521
ISBN-13 978-0-470-03037-0
ISBN-10 0-470-03037-2
British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data
A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library
Typeset in 10/12 pt Times by Techbooks
Printed and bound in Great Britain by Scotprint, East Lothian
This book is printed on acid-free paper responsibly manufactured from sustainable forestry in which at least two trees
are planted for each one used for paper production.
In this fifth edition we have retained the objectives of the first four editions:
\ufffd to present a thorough treatment of engineering thermodynamics from the classical viewpoint,
\ufffd to provide a sound basis for subsequent courses in fluid mechanics and heat transfer, and
\ufffd to prepare students to use thermodynamics in engineering practice.
While the fifth edition retains the basic organization and level of the previous editions,
we have introduced several enhancements proven to be effective for student learning. In-
cluded are new text elements and interior design features that help students understand and
apply the subject matter. With this fifth edition, we aim to continue our leadership in effec-
tive pedagogy, clear and concise presentations, sound developments of the fundamentals, and
state-of-the-art engineering applications.
\ufffd An engaging new feature called \u201cThermodynamics in the News\u201d is intro-
duced in every chapter. News boxes tie stories of current interest to concepts discussed
in the chapter. The news items provide students with a broader context for their
learning and form the basis for new Design and Open Ended problems in each chapter.
\ufffd Other class-tested content changes have been introduced:
\u2013A new discussion of the state-of-the-art of fuel cell technology (Sec. 13.4).
\u2013Streamlined developments of the energy concept and the first law of thermodynamics
(Secs. 2.3 and 2.5, respectively).
\u2013Streamlined developments of the mass and energy balances for a control volume
(Secs. 4.1 and 4.2, respectively).
\u2013Enhanced presentation of second law material (Chap. 5) clearly identifies key concepts.
\u2013Restructuring of topics in psychrometrics (Chap. 12) and enthalpy of combustion and
heating values (Chap. 13) further promotes student understanding.
\u2013Functional use of color facilitates data retrieval from the appendix tables.
\ufffd End-of-chapter problems have been substantially refreshed. As in previous editions, a
generous collection of problems is provided. The problems are classified under head-
ings to assist instructors in problem selection. Problems range from confidence-building
exercises illustrating basic skills to more challenging ones that may involve several
components and require higher-order thinking.
\ufffd The end-of-chapter problems are organized to provide students with the opportunity to
develop engineering skills in three modes:
\u2013Conceptual. See Exercises: Things Engineers Think About.
\u2013Skill Building. See Problems: Developing Engineering Skills.
\u2013Design. See Design and Open ended Problems: Exploring Engineering Practice.
\ufffd The comfortable interior design from previous editions has been enhanced with an even
more learner-centered layout aimed at enhancing student understanding.
Preface
\ufffdNew in the Fifth Edition
v
\ufffdCore Text Features
This edition continues to provide the core features that have made the text the global leader
in engineering thermodynamics education.
\ufffd Exceptional class-tested pedagogy. Our pedagogy is the model that others emulate.
For an overview, see How to Use this Book Effectively inside the front cover of the book.
vi Preface
\ufffdWays to Meet Different Course Needs
In recognition of the evolving nature of engineering curricula, and in particular of the di-
verse ways engineering thermodynamics is presented, the text is structured to meet a variety
of course needs. The following table illustrates several possible uses of the text assuming a
semester basis (3 credits). Coverage would be adjusted somewhat for courses on a quarter
basis depending on credit value. Detailed syllabi for both semester and quarter bases are pro-
vided on the Instructor\u2019s Web Site. Courses could be taught in the second or third year to
engineering students with appropriate background.
Type of course Intended audience Chapter coverage
\ufffd Principles. Chaps. 1\u20136.
Non-majors \ufffd Applications. Selected topics from 
Chaps. 8\u201310 (omit compressible flow in Chap. 9).
Surveys
Majors
\ufffd Principles. Chaps. 1\u20136.
\ufffd Applications. Same as above plus selected 
topics from Chaps. 12 and 13.
\ufffd First course. Chaps. 1\u20138. 
Two-course (Chap. 7 may deferred to second course or omitted.)
sequences Majors \ufffd Second course. Selected topics from 
Chaps. 9\u201314 to meet particular course needs.
\ufffd Systematic