439 pág.

Parasitic Protozoa of Farm Animals and Pets (VetBooks.ir)

Disciplina:Protozoologia8 materiais19 seguidores
Pré-visualização50 páginas
123

Monica Florin-Christensen
Leonhard Schnittger
Editors

Parasitic Protozoa
of Farm Animals
and Pets

Ve
tB

oo
ks

.ir

Parasitic Protozoa of Farm Animals and Pets

Ve
tB

oo
ks

.ir

Monica Florin-Christensen
Leonhard Schnittger
Editors

Parasitic Protozoa of
Farm Animals and Pets

Ve
tB

oo
ks

.ir

Editors
Monica Florin-Christensen
Center for Research on Veterinary
and Agronomic Sciences
National Institute of Agricultural
Technology
Hurlingham, Argentina

National Council of Scientific and
Technological Research (CONICET)
Buenos Aires, Argentina

School of Exact, Chemical and Natural
Sciences (FCEQN), University of Morón
Morón, Province of Buenos Aires
Argentina

Leonhard Schnittger
Center for Research on Veterinary
and Agronomic Sciences
National Institute of Agricultural
Technology
Hurlingham, Argentina

National Council of Scientific and
Technological Research (CONICET)
Buenos Aires, Argentina

School of Exact, Chemical and Natural
Sciences (FCEQN), University of Morón
Morón, Province of Buenos Aires
Argentina

ISBN 978-3-319-70131-8 ISBN 978-3-319-70132-5 (eBook)
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-70132-5

Library of Congress Control Number: 2017963966

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018
This work is subject to copyright. All rights are reserved by the Publisher, whether the whole or part of
the material is concerned, specifically the rights of translation, reprinting, reuse of illustrations, recitation,
broadcasting, reproduction on microfilms or in any other physical way, and transmission or information
storage and retrieval, electronic adaptation, computer software, or by similar or dissimilar methodology
now known or hereafter developed.
The use of general descriptive names, registered names, trademarks, service marks, etc. in this publication
does not imply, even in the absence of a specific statement, that such names are exempt from the relevant
protective laws and regulations and therefore free for general use.
The publisher, the authors and the editors are safe to assume that the advice and information in this book
are believed to be true and accurate at the date of publication. Neither the publisher nor the authors or the
editors give a warranty, express or implied, with respect to the material contained herein or for any errors
or omissions that may have been made. The publisher remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims
in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Printed on acid-free paper

This Springer imprint is published by the registered company Springer International Publishing AG
part of Springer Nature
The registered company address is: Gewerbestrasse 11, 6330 Cham, Switzerland

Ve
tB

oo
ks

.ir

Dedicatory

To our children, Nicolas, Ana, Julieta, and Uriel

Ve
tB

oo
ks

.ir

vii

 1 Introduction into Parasitic Protozoa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Leonhard Schnittger and Monica Florin-Christensen

 2 Cryptosporidium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Mariela L. Tomazic, Carlos Garro, and Leonhard Schnittger

 3 Eimeria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Berit Bangoura and Arwid Daugschies

 4 Sarcocystis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Cecilia Decker Franco, Leonhard Schnittger, and Monica
Florin-Christensen

 5 Neospora . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Dadin Prando Moore and Maria Cecilia Venturini

 6 Toxoplasma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
Gastón Moré, Maria Cecilia Venturini, Lais Pardini, and
Juan Manuel Unzaga

 7 Besnoitia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
Heinz Mehlhorn

 8 Theileria in Ruminants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
Henry Kiara, Lucilla Steinaa, Vishvanath Nene, and Nicholas Svitek

 9 Babesia in Domestic Ruminants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215
Sabrina Ganzinelli, Anabel Rodriguez, Leonhard Schnittger, and
Mónica Florin-Christensen

 10 Babesia of Domestic Dogs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241
Gad Baneth

 11 Equine Piroplasmids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 259
Massaro W. Ueti and Donald P. Knowles

 12 Trypanosoma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 271
Silvina E. Wilkowsky

Contents

Ve
tB

oo
ks

.ir

viii

 13 Leishmania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 289
Anabel Elisa Rodriguez, José Octavio Estévez, María Cecilia Nevot,
Alejandra Barrios, and Monica Florin-Christensen

 14 Trichomonas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 313
Esther Collántes-Fernández, Marcelo C. Fort, Luis M. Ortega-Mora,
and Gereon Schares

 15 Amoebae . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 389
Julia Walochnik

 16 Genomics and Genetic Manipulation of Protozoan Parasites
Affecting Farm Animals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 413
Carlos E. Suarez, Heba F. Alzan, and Brian M. Cooke

Contents

Ve
tB

oo
ks

.ir

ix

About the Editors

Monica  Florin-Christensen and Leonhard  Schnittger are biologists and
researchers of the National Council of Scientific and Technological Research of
Argentina (CONICET). They lead a research group that investigates on molecular
 parasitology, focusing on pathogenic protists of veterinary importance, at the
Institute of Pathobiology, National Institute of Agricultural Technology (INTA,
Argentina). Both are Professors of molecular biology and population genetics at
the School of Exact, Chemical and Natural Sciencies, University of Moron,
Argentina.

Ve
tB

oo
ks

.ir

1© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018
M. Florin-Christensen, L. Schnittger (eds.), Parasitic Protozoa of Farm Animals
and Pets, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-70132-5_1

L. Schnittger (*) • M. Florin-Christensen
Center for Research on Veterinary and Agronomic Sciences
National Institute of Agricultural Technology
Hurlingham, Argentina

National Council of Scientific and Technological Research (CONICET),
Buenos Aires, Argentina

School of Exact, Chemical and Natural Sciences (FCEQN), University of Morón,
Morón, Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina
e-mail: schnittger.leonhard@inta.gob.ar

1Introduction into Parasitic Protozoa
Leonhard Schnittger and Monica Florin-Christensen

Abstract
Parasitic protozoans are protists—i.e., unicellular eukaryotes. Besides, they
share the common features of being heterotrophic, motile in at least one of their
stages, and dependent on a host for survival. Protists are a highly diverse evolu-
tionary unrelated grouping that is at present taxonomically divided into at least
five supergroups or eukaryotic kingdoms: SAR, Excavata, Amoebozoa,
Archaeplastida, and Ophistokonta. The protozoan parasites that infect farm ani-
mals and pets, and are the subject of this book, belong to the first three super-
groups. These organisms can cause significant morbidity and mortality in
domestic animals, thus provoking substantial economic losses associated with
livestock production or major concern for pet