curso 29945 aula 03 v1
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curso 29945 aula 03 v1


DisciplinaDireito Constitucional I63.566 materiais1.470.961 seguidores
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Livro Eletrônico
Aula 03
Direito Constitucional p/ IBAMA 2017 (Analista Ambiental) - Com
videoaulas
Equipe Ricardo e Nádia 01, Nádia Carolina, Ricardo Vale, Equipe Ricardo e Nádia 02
02888395363 - danielle varelo teixeira
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Olá, amigos do Estratégia Concursos, tudo bem? 
Na aula de hoje, daremos continuidade ao estudo dos direitos fundamentais. 
Falaremos sobre os direitos sociais e os direitos de nacionalidade. 
Um grande abraço, 
Nádia e Ricardo 
Para tirar dúvidas e ter acesso a dicas e conteúdos gratuitos, acesse 
02888395363 - danielle varelo teixeira
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nossas redes sociais: 
Facebook do Prof. Ricardo Vale: 
https://www.facebook.com/profricardovale 
Facebook da Profa. Nádia Carolina: 
https://www.facebook.com/nadia.c.santos.16?fref=ts 
Canal do YouTube do Ricardo Vale: 
https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC32LlMyS96biplI715yzS9Q 
 
Direitos Sociais 
1- Introdução: 
Ao estudarmos os direitos de 1ª geração, percebemos que estes buscam 
restringir a ação do Estado sobre os indivíduos, limitando o poder estatal. São, 
por isso, direitos que têm como valor-fonte a liberdade, impondo ao Estado 
uma obrigação de não-fazer, de não intervir na órbita privada. Em razão 
disso, a doutrina os denomina liberdades negativas. 
A natureza jurídica dos direitos sociais é diversa. Trata-se de direitos 
fundamentais de 2ª geração, que impõem ao Estado uma \u201cobrigação de 
fazer\u201d, uma obrigação de ofertar prestações positivas em favor dos 
indivíduos, visando concretizar a igualdade material. São, portanto, direitos 
que têm como valor-fonte a igualdade; eles buscam possibilitar melhores 
condições de vida aos indivíduos e, assim, realizar a justiça social. 
Pode-se dizer que os direitos sociais são prestações positivas (ações) 
realizadas pelo Estado para melhorar a qualidade de vida dos 
hipossuficientes, ou seja, dos mais necessitados. Em razão disso, o Estado 
deve garantir que todos tenham acesso à educação, saúde, alimentação, 
trabalho, dentre outros. Segundo Alexandre de Moraes, os direitos sociais 
constituem normas de ordem pública, com a característica de imperativas. 
A origem dos direitos sociais remonta à crise do Estado liberal, ocasionada 
pelo forte avanço da industrialização. Nas fábricas, os trabalhadores viviam em 
condições precárias. Movimentos reivindicatórios passaram, então, a exigir 
uma postura mais ativa do Estado, que não devia limitar-se a não intervir, mas 
também atuar positivamente, garantindo condições mínimas aos 
trabalhadores. 
02888395363 - danielle varelo teixeira
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Os direitos sociais aparecem, portanto, em um contexto histórico marcado por 
reivindicações trabalhistas e pelo surgimento de doutrinas socialistas. 
Constatava-se que a mera consagração da igualdade formal não era suficiente 
para realizar a igualdade material. Como grande marco dos direitos sociais, 
citamos a Constituição de Weimar de 1919 (Constituição do Império 
Alemão). 
Na Constituição Federal de 1988, os direitos sociais estão relacionados nos art. 
6º - art. 11. Há, também, outros dispositivos do texto constitucional que 
versam sobre os direitos sociais. É o caso, por exemplo, do art. 194 (que trata 
da seguridade social), art. 196 (direito à saúde) e art. 205 (direito à educação) 
 
2- Os direitos sociais (art. 6º): 
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Art. 6º São direitos sociais a educação, a saúde, a alimentação, o trabalho, a 
moradia, o transporte, o lazer, a segurança, a previdência social, a proteção à 
maternidade e à infância, a assistência aos desamparados, na forma desta 
Constituição. 
No texto original da Constituição Federal, não se fazia menção à alimentação, 
à moradia e ao transporte, cuja inserção na Carta Magna foi obra do Poder 
Constituinte Derivado. A moradia foi inserida pela EC nº 26/2000; a 
alimentação, pela EC nº 64/2010; e o transporte, pela EC nº 90/2015. Tenham 
uma especial atenção quanto a esses três direitos sociais! As bancas 
examinadoras adoram cobrá-los, especialmente pelo fato de eles não fazerem 
parte do texto original da CF/88. 
Segundo o art. 6º, a Constituição consagra como direitos sociais a educação, 
a saúde, a alimentação, o trabalho, a moradia, o transporte o lazer, a 
segurança, a previdência social, a proteção à maternidade e à infância, a 
assistência aos desamparados. O STF entende que trata-se de rol 
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