Linux Bible 8th Edition
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Linux Bible 8th Edition


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drag any 
application icon from the Dash by holding the Ctrl key and dragging that icon 
to any of the miniature workspaces on the right.
 6. Use multiple workspaces. Move the mouse to the upper-left corner again to 
show a minimized view of all windows. Notice all the applications on the 
right jammed into a small representation of one workspace while an additional 
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Chapter 2: Creating the Perfect Linux Desktop
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workspace is empty. Drag-and-drop two of the windows to the empty desktop 
space. Figure 2.5 shows what the small workspaces look like. Notice that an 
additional empty workspace is created each time the last empty one is used. You 
can drag-and-drop the miniature windows between any workspace, and then 
select the workspace to view it.
FIGURE 2.5
As new desktops are used, additional ones appear on the right.
 7. Use the window menu. Move the mouse to the upper-left corner of the screen to 
return to the active workspace (large window view). Right-click the title bar on a 
window to view the window menu. Try these actions from that menu:
 \u25a0 Minimize\u2014Remove window temporarily from view.
 \u25a0 Maximize\u2014Expand window to maximum size.
 \u25a0 Move\u2014Change window to moving mode. Moving your mouse moves the win-
dow. Click to fi x the window to a spot.
 \u25a0 Resize\u2014Change the window to resize mode. Moving your mouse resizes the 
window. Click to keep the size.
 \u25a0 Workspaces selections\u2014Several selections let you use workspaces in differ-
ent ways. Select to make the window always on top of other windows, visible 
on every workspace, or only on the current workspace. Or move the window 
to another workspace, the one above or the one below.
If you don\u2019t feel comfortable navigating GNOME 3 with your mouse, or if you don\u2019t have 
a mouse, the next section helps you navigate the desktop from the keyboard.
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Part I: Getting Started
Navigating with the keyboard
If you prefer to keep your hands on the keyboard, you can work with the GNOME 3 desk-
top directly from the keyboard in a number of ways, including the following:
 \u25a0 Windows key\u2014Press the Windows key on the keyboard. On most PC keyboards, 
this is the key with the Microsoft Windows logo on it next to the Alt key. This 
toggles the mini-window (Overview) and active-window (current workspace) 
views. Many people use this key a lot.
 \u25a0 Select different views\u2014From the Windows or Applications view, hold 
Ctrl+Alt+Tab to see a menu of the different views (see Figure 2.6). Still holding 
the Ctrl+Alt keys, press Tab again to highlight one of the following icons from 
the menu and release to select it:
 \u25a0 Top Bar\u2014Keeps the current view.
 \u25a0 Dash\u2014Highlights the fi rst application in the application bar on the left. Use 
arrow keys to move up and down that menu and press Enter to open the high-
lighted application.
 \u25a0 Windows\u2014Selects the Windows view.
 \u25a0 Applications\u2014Selects the Applications view.
 \u25a0 Search\u2014Highlights the search box. Type a few letters to show only icons for 
applications that contain the letters you type. When you have typed enough 
letters to uniquely identify the application you want, press Enter to launch the 
application.
FIGURE 2.6
Press Ctrl+Alt+Tab to display additional desktop areas to select.
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Chapter 2: Creating the Perfect Linux Desktop
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 \u25a0 Select an active window\u2014Return to any of your workspaces (press the Windows 
key if you are not already on an active workspace). Press Alt+Tab to see a list of 
all active windows (see Figure 2.7). Continue to hold the Alt key as you press the 
Tab key (or right or left arrow keys) to highlight the application you want from 
the list of active desktop application windows. If an application has multiple win-
dows open, press Alt+` (backtick, located above the Tab key) to choose among 
those sub-windows. Release the Alt key to select it.
FIGURE 2.7
Press Alt+Tab to select which running application to go to.
 \u25a0 Launch a command or application\u2014From any active workspace, you can launch 
a Linux command or a graphical application. Here are some examples:
 \u25a0 Applications\u2014From the Overview screen, press Ctrl+Alt+Tab, and then 
continue to press Tab until the gears (Applications) icon is highlighted; then 
release Ctrl+Alt. The Applications view appears, with the fi rst icon high-
lighted. Use the Tab key or arrow keys (up, down, right, and left) to highlight 
the application icon you want, and press Enter.
 \u25a0 Command box\u2014If you know the name of a command you want to run, press 
Alt+F2 to display a command box. Type the name of the command you want 
to run into the box (try system-config-date to adjust the date and time, for 
example). 
 \u25a0 Search box\u2014From the Overview screen, press Ctrl+Alt+Tab, and then con-
tinue to press Tab until the magnifying glass (Search) icon is highlighted; 
then release Ctrl+Alt. In the search box now highlighted, type a few letters 
in an application\u2019s name or description (type scr to see what you get). Keep 
typing until the application you want is highlighted (in this case, Screenshot) 
and press Enter to launch it.
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Part I: Getting Started
 \u25a0 Dash\u2014From the Overview screen, press Ctrl+Alt+Tab, and then continue to 
press Tab until the star (Dash) icon is highlighted; then release Ctrl+Alt. From 
the Dash, move the up and down arrows to highlight an application you want 
to launch and press Enter. 
 \u25a0 Escape\u2014When you are stuck in an action you don\u2019t want to complete, try press-
ing the Esc key. For example, after pressing Alt+F2 (to enter a command), 
opening an icon from the top bar, or going to an overview page, pressing Esc 
returns you to the active window on the active desktop.
I hope you now feel comfortable navigating the GNOME 3 desktop. Next, you can try 
running some useful and fun desktop applications from GNOME 3.
Setting up the GNOME 3 desktop
A lot of what you need GNOME 3 to do for you is set up automatically. There are, how-
ever, a few tweaks you will want to make to get the desktop the way you want. Most of 
these setup activities are available from the System Settings window (see Figure 2.8). 
Open the System Settings icon from the Applications screen. 
FIGURE 2.8
Change desktop settings from the System Settings window.
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Chapter 2: Creating the Perfect Linux Desktop
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Here are some suggestions for confi guring a GNOME 3 desktop:
 \u25a0 Configure networking\u2014A wired network connection is often confi gured 
 automatically when you boot up your Fedora system. For wireless, you probably 
have to select your wireless network and add a password when prompted. An 
icon in the top bar lets you do any wired or wireless network confi guration you 
need to do. Refer to Chapter 14, \u201cAdministering Networking,\u201d for further infor-
mation on confi guring networking.
 \u25a0 Personal settings\u2014Tools in this group let you change your desktop background 
(Background), use different online accounts (Online Accounts), and set your lan-
guage and date and currency format based on region (Region and Language) and 
screen locking (Screen). To change your background, open the System Settings 
window, select Background, and then select from the available Wallpapers. 
To add your own Background, download a wallpaper image you like to your 
Pictures folder, and then click the Wallpapers box to change it to Pictures folder 
and