Anshan_ChinaandAfrica
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Anshan_ChinaandAfrica


DisciplinaQuest Pol Internac da China13 materiais52 seguidores
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African Studies, Peking University, pp. 129-
142.
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coffee trade cooperation in 2000; the former Party Secretary of Shandong Province, Wu 
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and the Party Secretary of Hubei Province (2005), Yu Zhengsheng, visited Africa, and 
the economic and trade delegation signed many cooperation agreement with African 
countries. 
23 Jiang Guanghua, Historical Recording of Visiting Foreign Parties\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd%HLMLQJ\ufffd\ufffd:RUOG\ufffd$IIDLUV\ufffd
Press, 1997) pp. 130, 303-5, 442-443, 621-622. China trained and educated 2,675 millitary 
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Soviet and Chinese Aid to African Nations, (New York: Praeger Publishers, 1980) pp. 102-111.
24 For Africa\u2019s different response to the ideology of USSR and China, see Ottaway, 
Marina, \u201cSoviet Marxism and African Socialism,\u201d Journal of Modern African Studies, 
(September 1978) pp.477-487.
25 Chazan, Naomi et al, Politics and Society in Contemporary Africa, (CO: Boulder, Lynne 
Rienner Publishers, 1992) p.410. 
26 Mahamat, Adam, \u201cAfrica starting to rise in partnership with China,\u201d China Daily, 
North American Edition, (New York: Jan. 13, 2006) p.4. 
27 Hu Yaobang, the once General Secretary of CPC, pointed out in 1982: \u201cAccording 
to historical experience and economic situation, the form of \u201cgiving as a gift\u201d in foreign 
economic aid is harmful to both sides\u201d in Selection of Important Literature after the Third Plenary 
Meeting of the 11th Central Committee of CCP\ufffd9RO\ufffd\ufffd \ufffd\ufffd\ufffd HG\ufffd\ufffd E\\ufffd7KH\ufffd3DUW\\ufffd/LWHUDWXUH\ufffd5HVHDUFK\ufffd
Center of the CPC Central Committee.
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West Asia and Africa, (Issue 8, 2006). 
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Experience on promoting the discount government loans in foreign economic aid,\u201d 
International Economic Cooperation, (Issue 11, 1997). 
China Security Vol. 3 No. 3 Summer 2007
Li Anshan
89
30 He Xiaowei, \u201cFurther Promoting the Reform of the Way of Foreign Aid and Abiding 
by the Agreement Foreign Aid,\u201d Yearbook of China\u2019s Foreign Economic Relations And Trade 
1997/98, (&KLQD\ufffd(FRQRPLFV\ufffd3UHVV\ufffd&KLQD\ufffd(FRQRPLF\ufffd+HUDOG\ufffd3UHVV\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdS\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd
31 Qu Xing, Fifty Years of the Foreign Affairs of China. (Jiangsu Renmin Press, 2000) pp.375-
376.
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33 \u201cAfrican Union defends Mugabe,\u201d The Guardian, Jan. 25, 2005.
34 " Darfur: A 'Plan B' to Stop Genocide?", US Department of State, Apr. 11, 2007. For more 
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35 Eisenman, Joshua, \u201cZimbabwe: China\u2019s African Ally\u201d, China Brief, Vol..5, No.15, July 
5, 2005, pp.9-11; Yitzhak Shichor, \u201cSudan: China\u2019s Outpost in Africa\u201d, China Brief, Vol.5, 
No. 21, Oct. 13, 2005, pp. 9-11; Eisenman J. and J. Kurlantzick, \u201cChina\u2019s Africa Strategy,\u201d 
Current History, May 2006, p.223.
36 \u201cChina Urges Patience on Sudan, Opposes Sanctions,\u201d Reuters, May 31, 2007. 
37 See UNEP, 6XGDQ\ufffd3RVW\ufffd&RQÁLFW\ufffd(QYLURQPHQWDO\ufffd$VVHVVPHQW\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdS\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdKWWS\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdSRVWFRQÁLFW\ufffd
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United States, provided the same explanation in his speech at Press Club at the end of 
May, 2007. 
38 \u201cConfrontation over Darfur \u2018will lead us nowhere\u2019,\u201d China Daily\ufffd\ufffd-XO\\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdKWWS\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd
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39 \u201cWhat Kind the Darfur Issue Is: a special interview with the special representative of 
Chinese government,\u201d Chutian Metropolis Daily, July 8, 2007.
40 \u201cSudan government deals with Darfur issue with a light pack,\u201d Xinhua News Agency, 
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41 Li Anshan, \u201cAfrica in the perspective of Globalization: development, aid and 
cooperation,\u201d West Asia and Africa, (Issue 7, 2007).
42 Sautman, B. and Y. Hairong, \u201cWind from the East: China and Africa\u2019s Development,\u201d 
paper presented at \u201cChina\u2019s New Role in Africa and Global South\u201d, Shanghai, May 15-17, 
2007, p.3. 
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UN,\u201d World Affairs: Diplomats in the UN\ufffd\ufffdHG\ufffd\ufffdE\\ufffd)X\ufffd+DR\ufffdDQG\ufffd/L\ufffd7RQJFKHQJ\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd%HLMLQJ\ufffd\ufffd&KLQHVH\ufffd
Overseas Publishing House, 1995), p. 9.
44 Qian Qichen, Ten Notes on Diplomacy,\ufffd\ufffd%HLMLQJ\ufffd\ufffd:RUOG\ufffd$IIDLUV\ufffd3UHVV\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffdS\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd
45 In 2006, China took 64 percent of Sudan\u2019s oil exports. See Pan, Esther, \u201cChina, Africa, 
and Oil,\u201d Council for Foreign Relations. 
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48 Davies, M. and L. Corkin, \u201cChina\u2019s Market Entry into Africa\u2019s Construction Sector: 
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China Security Vol. 3 No. 3 Summer 2007
Policy and Challenges
90
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March 2007) p.34
50 \u201cEight steps to boost China-Africa partnership,\u201d Xinhua News Agency, Jan. 30,2007
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Agency, Oct. 17, 2006. 
52 In the international conference \u201cChina\u2019s New Role in Africa and Global South\u201d(May 
17, Shanghai), a Kenyan student pointed out that the United States. has been doing 
business with Nigeria for decades, it has never thought about launching the satellite for 
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well.
53 \u201cChina launched satellite for Nigeria,\u201d Xinhua News Agency, May 14, 2007.
54 \u201cWang Qimin is Welcomed by Sudanese,\u201d China Petroleum Daily, June 26, 2007. 
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56 Li Jiasong (ed.), Big Events in the History of Foreign Affairs of People\u2019s Republic of China, pp. 
432-3, 438.
57 \u201cGood Friends, Good Partners and Good Brothers,\u201d People\u2019s Daily Online, June 22, 
2006. 
58 Brian Horton, Chief diplomatic correspondent of Reuters, believes that Zhou Enlai\u2019s 
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burgeoning Africa\u201d and \u201cthis relation may reposition the diplomacy of countries in the 
international community in the coming ten years.\u201d AFP and other European media 
also said that Zhou Enlai\u2019s visit to Africa is the start of China\u2019s important diplomatic 
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59 Yearbook of China\u2019s Foreign Economic Relations And Trade 1986\ufffd\ufffd%HLMLQJ\ufffd\ufffd2XWORRN\ufffd3UHVV\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd\ufffd
p. 47.
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2006).
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