POLI2aula8_exemplo3
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POLI2aula8_exemplo3


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PART 2 - PRESENTATION BODY 
 
Introducing the first point Let's start/begin with ... 
Showing graphics, 
transparencies, slides etc. 
If you look at this first graph 
a good illustration of\u2026/ a good 
example of\u2026/ a key factor 
If you look at this slide\u2026/ This clearly 
shows \u2026 
If you look at this, you will see\u2026 
This chart illustrates the figures\u2026 
From this, we can understand how / why\u2026 
Moving on to the next point Now let's move on to ... 
 I'd now like to move on to\u2026/ I'd like to turn 
to\u2026 
Now I'd like to look at\u2026 
This leads me to my next point\u2026 
Giving more details I'd like to expand on this 
aspect/problem/point 
Let me elaborate on that 
Would you like me to expand 
on/elaborate on that 
Changing to a different topic I'd like to turn to something 
completely different Turning now to\u2026. 
Referring to something which is 
off the topic 
I'd like to digress (divagar, 
digressionar) here for a moment and 
just mention that ... 
As I said at the beginning\u2026 
As you remember, we are concerned 
with\u2026 
This ties in (articular-se) with my 
original statement\u2026/This relates 
directly to the question I put to you 
before\u2026 
Referring back to an earlier 
point 
Let me go back to what I said earlier 
about ... 
Analysing a point and giving 
recommendations 
Where does that lead us? 
Let's consider this in more detail... 
Translated into real terms... 
Why is this important?/The 
significance of this is... 
Giving examples 
 
For example,... /A good example of 
this is... 
As an illustration,... /To give you an 
example,... 
Paraphrasing and clarifying Simply put.../In other words....... 
So what I\u2019m saying is..../To put it 
more simply.... 
To put it another way.... 
EXAMPLE 2: \u201cA good example of how important internal communications are is 
shown by some findings from research that we have recently undertaken. Good 
communications is a very key factor in staff motivation. If you look at this slide, 
you will see how important it is to get the basics in place. You need to identify 
your communication requirement, agree your objectives and success criteria, 
identify your target audiences, define the content of your message and determine 
 
 
the style of delivery. A good illustration of the communication process is 
when all those basics fall into place naturally.\u201d 
 
PRESENTATION BODY QUIZ 
Read the following part of a business presentation. Focus on the words/phrases 
in BOLD and think about their meaning and purpose. 
Now, let's move on to the second part of the presentation, the causes of the 
increase in relative staff costs. Earlier I mentioned that relative staff costs have 
increased by over 10% for the top 100 UK companies over the last 5 years. And 
how this has and will damage the competitiveness of companies. So, the 
question is why? Are staff lazier than before? Or are companies failing to 
understand both how their staff think and which management techniques are out-
dated in the modern changing world? Although the first factor, does have an 
impact, I would argue that the second is by far (de longe) the most important 
factor, which in fact contributes to the first. Allow me to explain. 
Although this may sound surprising to you, People are inherently lazy. It is 
undeniably true that people would prefer to do less and earn more. Numerous 
studies have been carried out in the work environment which clearly demonstrate 
this. And this is something which we must take into consideration when 
considering the true cause of the relative increase in staff costs. 
We find ourselves in an ever more rapidly changing world. There can be no 
question that information technology today dominates most of our working lives. 
Whereas (Enquanto) 30 years ago, the majority of the tasks in the office had to 
be carried out manually, by hand, today everybody has a powerful computer, 
which can carry out complicated and multiple tasks. Tasks, which in the past 
would require a team of people working on for days, can now be done by one 
member of staff in minutes. But while most companies have embraced these 
advances in Information Technology, they are still using management techniques 
and processes which were designed 30 or more years ago. It would seem 
obvious that these advances in technology save us money. But do they really? 
I would like to show you a chart, which shows the amount of physical 
communication between managers and staff, actually talking face to face, for a 
well-known American company. As you can see the average number of hours of 
physical communication per week fell from 15 in 1995 to 8 in 2007. 
Furthermore (Além do mais), physical communication between staff fell at a 
similar rate. And the only answer for this trend can be because of the increasing 
use of technology. This lack of physical communication leads to a sense of 
isolation on the part of the staff, not only from their managers but also from their 
colleagues impacts their motivation and more importantly, their commitment. 
Let us go back to what I said earlier about people being inherently lazy. If people 
are happy to do nothing and at the same time, they don't feel important or 
needed in a company, what will they do? What would you do? 
And this combined with less direct physical communication with their manager, 
gives them greater opportunity to do the minimum and waste the rest of their time 
chatting on Facebook. I would just like to point out that I'm not recommending 
returning to a time where we didn't use IT in the work place. 
 
 
1. A phrase that states that the following statement is a fact, is 
_______________________. 
2. A different way of saying 'in addition', is _______________________. 
3. A phrase that tries to highlight to the audience an opinion, point, detail etc.., is 
_____________. 
4. A phrase that informs the audience that you're starting on a new part of the 
presentation, is 
_______________________. 
5. A different way of saying 'by a great amount', is _______________________. 
6. A different and more professional way of saying 'told you', is 
_______________________. 
7. A phrase that states that the following statement is a fact, that contains the world 
'no', is 
_______________________. 
8. A phrase that says that you have to take into account something when making a 
decision, is 
_______________________. 
9. A phrase that expresses the opinion of the speaker of the presentation, is 
__________________. 
10. A word that makes a comparison between two different parts of a sentence, is 
_____________. 
 
 
 
 
Furthermore \u2013 I would argue that \u2013 I would just like to point out \u2013 is by far \u2013 it is 
undeniably true that \u2013 mentioned \u2013 now, let's move on to \u2013 there can be no question \u2013 
we must take into consideration \u2013 
whereas 
 
KEY: It is undeniably true that \u2013 furthermore - I would just like to point out - now, let's 
move on to - is by far \u2013 mentioned - there can be no question - we must take into 
consideration - I would argue that \u2013 whereas