morales_2005
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morales_2005

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fluid density
volume fraction than a BT or a tundish using two pairs st turbulent Schmidt number
of dams and a waved impact pad. s« constant in the k-« model

2. The combination of a TI and a pair of dams yields very
similar RTD curves for the four strands of this tundish.

REFERENCESAside, in principle, from the thermal effects, this would
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2. S. Tanaka, M. Lye, M. Salcudean, and R.I.L. Guthrie: 24th Ann. Conf.3. A turbulence inhibitor, combined with a pair of dams,
of Metallurgists, CIM, Montreal, 1985, pp. 142-61.decreases considerably transverse and axial mixing of

3. Y. Sahai and R. Ahuja: Ironmaking and Steelmaking, 1986, vol. 13,the fluid, yielding lower values of back mixing flow as pp. 241-47.
compared with a BT and a tundish with two pairs of 4. C.S. Damle and Y. Sahai: Iron Steel Inst. Jpn. Int., 1995, vol. 35, (5)

pp. 163-69.dams and a waved impact pad.

1514—VOLUME 31B, DECEMBER 2000 METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B

5. J.J. Chen: Proc. Steelmaking Conf., 1995, vol. 78, pp. 593-98. Iron Steel Inst. Jpn. Int., 1999, vol. 5 (5), pp. 455-62.
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pp. 71-79. 667-73.
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15. S. Lo´pez-Ramı´rez, J. Palafox-Ramos, R.D. Morales, M.A. Barro´n- Press Network, Cambridge, United Kingdom, 1997.
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pp. 423-28. 27. R.I. Issa, A. Brefrui, K.R. Beshay, and A.D. Gosman: J. Comput.
Phys., 1991, vol. 93, pp. 388-410.16. R.D. Morales, S. Lo´pez-Ramı´rez, J. Palafox-Ramos, and D. Zacharias:

METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B VOLUME 31B, DECEMBER 2000—1515