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COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS - ENGLISH

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COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS
Much x many
 Much e many são quantifiers (quantificadores). Much significa muito ou muita e many significa muitos ou muitas.
 Quantificadores são palavras utilizadas para fazer referência à quantidade de algo.
 Para sabermos quando usar many e much, precisamos verificar se o substantivo ao qual o quantificador se refere é countable (contável) ou uncountable (incontável). Isso porque many é usado com contáveis e much, com incontáveis.
MUCH
UNCOUNTABLE
NOUNS
MANY
COUNTABLE
NOUNS
Countable nouns
 São contabilizados e têm forma plural;
 É possível indicar quantidades através de um numeral;
Ex:
 She has two dogs.
 There are three TVs in my house.
 He ate ten strawberries at dessert.
Uncountable nouns
 Os uncountable nouns (substantivos incontáveis) não podem ser contabilizados através de números e, regra geral, são apenas usados no singular.
Ex: electricity, rice, water, luggage.
 She needs a piece of advice regarding her job. (Ela precisa de um conselho em relação ao trabalho dela.)
 We had a lot of fun at the party. / We had much fun at the party. (Nos divertimos muito na festa.)
 They need some help. (Eles precisam de alguma ajuda.)
 Those two pieces of information called my attention. (Aquelas duas informações chamaram a minha atenção.)
 He had too much pride to admit he was wrong. (Ele tinha orgulho demais para admitir que estava errado.)
USING many IN A SENTENCE
 They bought many bottles of soft drink for the party.
 There are many kids playing in the yard.
 Many students prefer to study in the morning.
IMPORTANT: o substantivo usado após a palavra many deve estar sempre flexionado no plural.
How many?
 How many days did you spend in L.A.?
 How many times a year do you go to USA?
 How many people will you invite for the party?
LET’S PRACTICE: Ask your friend a question using “how many”!
USING MUCH IN A SENTENCE
 She put much water in the jar.
 He drinks much coffee when he’s working.
 I don’t have much money.
IMPORTANT: o substantivo usado após a palavra much deve estar sempre no singular.
HOW MUCH?
 How much time do we need to get there?
 How much sugar do we have?
 How much milk should we drink a day?
LET’S PRACTICE: Ask your friend a question using “how many”!
A LOT OF .......
 She drinks a lot of coffee every morning. (Ela bebe muito café todas as manhãs.)
 They have a lot of friends. (Eles têm muitos amigos.)