curso 29945 aula 03 v1
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curso 29945 aula 03 v1

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Aula 03

Direito Constitucional p/ IBAMA 2017 (Analista Ambiental) - Com
videoaulas
Equipe Ricardo e Nádia 01, Nádia Carolina, Ricardo Vale, Equipe Ricardo e Nádia 02

02888395363 - danielle varelo teixeira

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Olá, amigos do Estratégia Concursos, tudo bem?

Na aula de hoje, daremos continuidade ao estudo dos direitos fundamentais.
Falaremos sobre os direitos sociais e os direitos de nacionalidade.

Um grande abraço,

Nádia e Ricardo

Para tirar dúvidas e ter acesso a dicas e conteúdos gratuitos, acesse

02888395363 - danielle varelo teixeira

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nossas redes sociais:

Facebook do Prof. Ricardo Vale:

https://www.facebook.com/profricardovale

Facebook da Profa. Nádia Carolina:

https://www.facebook.com/nadia.c.santos.16?fref=ts

Canal do YouTube do Ricardo Vale:

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC32LlMyS96biplI715yzS9Q

Direitos Sociais

1- Introdução:

Ao estudarmos os direitos de 1ª geração, percebemos que estes buscam
restringir a ação do Estado sobre os indivíduos, limitando o poder estatal. São,
por isso, direitos que têm como valor-fonte a liberdade, impondo ao Estado
uma obrigação de não-fazer, de não intervir na órbita privada. Em razão
disso, a doutrina os denomina liberdades negativas.

A natureza jurídica dos direitos sociais é diversa. Trata-se de direitos
fundamentais de 2ª geração, que impõem ao Estado uma \u201cobrigação de
fazer\u201d, uma obrigação de ofertar prestações positivas em favor dos
indivíduos, visando concretizar a igualdade material. São, portanto, direitos
que têm como valor-fonte a igualdade; eles buscam possibilitar melhores
condições de vida aos indivíduos e, assim, realizar a justiça social.

Pode-se dizer que os direitos sociais são prestações positivas (ações)
realizadas pelo Estado para melhorar a qualidade de vida dos
hipossuficientes, ou seja, dos mais necessitados. Em razão disso, o Estado
deve garantir que todos tenham acesso à educação, saúde, alimentação,
trabalho, dentre outros. Segundo Alexandre de Moraes, os direitos sociais
constituem normas de ordem pública, com a característica de imperativas.

A origem dos direitos sociais remonta à crise do Estado liberal, ocasionada
pelo forte avanço da industrialização. Nas fábricas, os trabalhadores viviam em
condições precárias. Movimentos reivindicatórios passaram, então, a exigir
uma postura mais ativa do Estado, que não devia limitar-se a não intervir, mas
também atuar positivamente, garantindo condições mínimas aos
trabalhadores.

02888395363 - danielle varelo teixeira

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Os direitos sociais aparecem, portanto, em um contexto histórico marcado por
reivindicações trabalhistas e pelo surgimento de doutrinas socialistas.
Constatava-se que a mera consagração da igualdade formal não era suficiente
para realizar a igualdade material. Como grande marco dos direitos sociais,
citamos a Constituição de Weimar de 1919 (Constituição do Império
Alemão).

Na Constituição Federal de 1988, os direitos sociais estão relacionados nos art.
6º - art. 11. Há, também, outros dispositivos do texto constitucional que
versam sobre os direitos sociais. É o caso, por exemplo, do art. 194 (que trata
da seguridade social), art. 196 (direito à saúde) e art. 205 (direito à educação)

2- Os direitos sociais (art. 6º):
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Art. 6º São direitos sociais a educação, a saúde, a alimentação, o trabalho, a
moradia, o transporte, o lazer, a segurança, a previdência social, a proteção à
maternidade e à infância, a assistência aos desamparados, na forma desta
Constituição.

No texto original da Constituição Federal, não se fazia menção à alimentação,
à moradia e ao transporte, cuja inserção na Carta Magna foi obra do Poder
Constituinte Derivado. A moradia foi inserida pela EC nº 26/2000; a
alimentação, pela EC nº 64/2010; e o transporte, pela EC nº 90/2015. Tenham
uma especial atenção quanto a esses três direitos sociais! As bancas
examinadoras adoram cobrá-los, especialmente pelo fato de eles não fazerem
parte do texto original da CF/88.

Segundo o art. 6º, a Constituição consagra como direitos sociais a educação,
a saúde, a alimentação, o trabalho, a moradia, o transporte o lazer, a
segurança, a previdência social, a proteção à maternidade e à infância, a
assistência aos desamparados. O STF entende que trata-se de rol

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