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Exercícios - Fundamentos Culturais da Literatura em Língua Inglesa

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FUNDAMENTOS CULTURAIS DA LITERAT. EM LÍNGUA INGL.
AULA 1
	1a Questão
	
	
	
	What was the importance of Roman Church in relation to the maintenace of The Anglo-Saxon King´s political power over the people?
		
	 
	The Church members blessed the kings and queens at wedding ceremonies as God¿s representatives on earth and contributed for the spreading of pagan beliefs throughout the country.
	 
	King´s authority was guaranteed by God's approval
	
	The Church helped the kings because they had the ability of unifying the country without a war.
	
	The Anglo-Saxon kings, who were once pagan, accepted the new faith in order to go to heaven when they died.
	
	The kings were interested in learning how to read and write, which was a privilege of the Church members.
	Respondido em 18/03/2020 16:16:04
	
Explicação:
The Church has always played an important role in the history of mankind.
During the Anglo-Saxon Period, the relevance of the Church could easily be felt since it was said that Kings derived their authority from God and could not therefore be held responsible for their actions by any authority on earth. So the spiritual power of the Church would guarantee the authority of the Kings or not.
	
	
	Gabarito
Coment.
	
	 
	
	 2a Questão
	
	
	
	
	Choose the option which best completes the following statement: Augustine was sent to Canterbury in 597 to
		
	 
	build a church
	
	visit monasteries
	 
	re-establish Christianity
	
	become a monk
	
	meet the king´s wife
	Respondido em 18/03/2020 16:16:00
	
Explicação:
There aren't many people who've had such an impact on history as St Augustine of Canterbury.
Augustine of Canterbury was the man chosen by the Pope to convert the Britons to Christianity.
The Christian faith had already been introduced in the 3rd or 4th century, but the gradual collapse of Roman rule and the invasion of the Saxons and other Germanic tribes meant it fell into abeyance in parts of the country, while others became associated with Celtic Christianity.
Augustine was commissioned in AD 595. After a couple of false starts, he arrived in Kent in AD 597 and found a base at Canterbury. From here he undertook the evangelisation of England.
The King of Kent was converted along with many of his subjects. Although Augustine then died a few years later, in 604, the foundation he had built became the basis for the next 1,500 year of Christianity in the UK.
	
	
	 
	
	 3a Questão
	
	
	
	
	When did Christianity become firmly established across Britain?
		
	 
	When the Greeks were ruling the country.
	 
	In the last hundred years of Roman government.
	
	When Jesus Christ was born.
	
	In 1200 AD, when the Middle Ages were over.
	
	About a century ago.
	Respondido em 18/03/2020 16:16:14
	
Explicação:
This is a very simple question and so is its answer.
All you need to know is the date when Christianity became firmly established in Britain and the appropriate answer is "In the last hundred years of Roman government."
 
	
	
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Coment.
	
	 
	
	 4a Questão
	
	
	
	
	Saxon Kings helped the Church to grow, but the Church increased the power of kings as well. How did it happen?
		
	 
	Bishops supported their  kings, which made it harder for royal power to be questioned. Kings´ authority was guaranteed by ´God´s approval´.
	
	The Kings were finantially supported by the Church, since the Church was a very powerful entity at the time.
	
	The Saxon Kings were very literarte and pious men  and understood the importance of establishing Christianity in their lands.
	
	The Kings were chosen by the Church, taking into account the Christian faith of the chosen ones.
	
	Since the monks had great influence on ordinary people besides being a  very wealthy entity,  it was interesting for the Kings to accept the Christian faith and its influence.
	Respondido em 18/03/2020 16:16:18
	
Explicação:
"Saxon kings helped the Church to grow, but the Church also increased the power of kings. Bishops gave kings their support, which made it harder for royal power to be questioned. Kings had ¿God¿s approval¿. The value of Church approval was all the greater because of the uncertainty of the royal succession. An eldest son did not automatically become king, as kings were chosen from among the members of the royal family, and any member who had enough soldiers might try for the throne. In addition, at a time when one king might try to conquer a neighbouring kingdom, he would probably have a son to whom he would wish to pass this enlarged kingdom when he died." (webclass)
	
	
	 
	
	 5a Questão
	
	
	
	
	The development of Roman Catholicism from the early catholic Christianity church depended on many historical factors. Check below the alternative that does not represent the historical factors related to Christianity.
		
	 
	In the 7th century Islam rose as a strong religious option.
	
	The authority of Peter among the 12 apostles.
	 
	The first European universities emerged from the Middle Ages Christian Church.
	
	The alignment of Peter with the Roman Church.
	
	The decline of the Roman Empire and the influx of Germanic tribes as well as others tribes into Europe.
	Respondido em 18/03/2020 16:16:22
	
Explicação:
As a matter of fact, the development of Roman Catholicism from the early catholic Christianity church depended on many historical factors, among which two factors would be considered determinant: the authority of Peter among the 12 apostles and the alignment of Peter with the Roman Church.
	
	
	 
	
	 6a Questão
	
	
	
	
	Around 700, why was it difficult to question royal power?
		
	 
	Because ordinary people just counted on the help of French people to try to question royal power in England.
	
	Because as most of the ordinary people did not believe in just one God, they were not seen as reliable supporters.
	
	Because the neighboring country of Scandinavia would defend royal power in England.
	
	Because, as the gentry supported the power of kings, it was very hard for the population to question the authority of the King.
	 
	Because Kings'  authority was guaranteed by God´s approval, that is to say, in order to question royal power people needed to face the Church as well.
	Respondido em 18/03/2020 16:16:15
	
Explicação:
The Church was powerful in this period of time and it was asserted that the King had his place as a result of God´s approval. So if people questioned the King, they would be questioning God as well.
	
	
	Gabarito
Coment.
	
	 
	
	 7a Questão
	
	
	
	
	Think about Christianity and the Celts in Britain and choose the alternative that is wrong:
		
	 
	The Celts were driven into the west and north of Britain by the Anglo-Saxons. In the Celtic areas Christianity continued to spread, bringing paganism to an end. An interesting example of Christian influence is the number of place-names beginning or ending with llan, meaning the site of a small Celtic monastery around which a village or town grew.
	 
	The Celts were driven into the west and north of Britain by the Anglo-Saxons. In the Celtic areas Christianity continued to spread, bringing paganism to an end. An interesting example of Christian influence is the number of place-names beginning or ending with llan, meaning the site of a small Celtic monastery around which a village or town grew.
	
	The Celts were not driven into the west and north of Britain by the Anglo-Saxons. In the Celtic areas Christianity continued to spread, bringing paganism to an end. An interesting example of Christian influence is the number of place-names beginning or ending with llan, meaning the site of a small Celtic monastery around which a village or town grew.
	
	The Celts were driven into the west and north of Britain by the Anglo-Saxons. However, the Celtic areas Christianitydid not continue to spread, bringing paganism to an end. An interesting example of Christian influence is the number of place-names beginning

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