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ENSINO FUNDAMENTAL 9º ANO_INGLÊS_VOLUME 03 (PROFESSOR)

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mother to join her. “I used to eat dairy products – tons of cheese, especially. And then I realised the 
cruelty to cows that being vegetarian involved.” [...] “I trawl the internet for recipes,” Tree continues. “What veganism’s 
done is make me feel healthier and mentally healthier [...]”.
9o. ano – Volume 310
Preferences: prefer and rather
 1. Pay attention to the following examples from the previous activities and circle the words that indicate 
preference.
Check it out Encaminhamento metodológico.10
• I’ll just make scampi and chips for Dad and meatballs for me, or pizzas, but I prefer to be more 
adventurous.
• Matthew chooses to venture in the kitchen rather than waiting for his parents to cook.
• Tree prefers to be vegan because of her health and the environment.
 2. Complete the sentences with prefer or rather.
• We often use than after rather .
• We use to + verb or a noun after prefer .
 1. Choose the correct option to complete the sentences about different eating habits.
a) Japanese dishes usually ask for rice rather than / prefer to pasta.
b) Many American teens rather than / prefer to have burgers for dinner.
c) My French cousin rather than / prefers to eat croissants for breakfast.
d) Brazilians usually eat rice and beans rather than / prefer to mac and cheese.
e) Fred rather / prefers to have coffee at breakfast, while Mike would rather / prefers to have tea.
f) Would you rather / prefer have a late breakfast or an early lunch today?
 2. What do you prefer? Check out the following items and discuss in pairs, giving reasons for your choices.
a) Sweets: Cake or cookies? Candy or chocolate? Fruit or jello?
Answers will vary. 
b) Drinks: Soda or juice? Sparkling or still water? Tea or coffee?
c) Snacks: Burgers or hot dogs? Chips or popcorn? Sandwiches or pizza?
d) Healthy eating: Salad or steamed veggies? Grilled chicken or fish? Wholegrain bread or wholegrain pasta?
 
Your turn
Use rather (than) to say you choose a certain way over another. 
Matthew would rather cook at home than go out to eat.
Caso seja interessante, é possível, neste momento, realizar as atividades 5 e 6 da seção Challenge yourself, ao final deste capítulo.
 Língua Inglesa 11
Do you know?
There are many different types of diets. Check out some of them in the following infographic. 
Do you know anyone who follows one of these diets?
Encaminhamento metodológico e sugestão de atividades.11
Sources: ROGERS, Monica K. Macrobiotic diet. Available at: <https://www.webmd.com/diet/a-z/macrobiotic-diet>. Accessed on: 21 Aug. 2018. / 
NORDQVIST, Christian. The raw food diet: should I try it? Available at: <https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/7381.php>. Accessed on: 21 
Aug. 2018. / VEGETARIAN diet: how to get the best nutrition. Available at: <https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/nutrition-and-healthy-
eating/in-depth/vegetarian-diet/art-20046446>. Accessed on: 21 Aug. 2018. / PALEO diet: what is it and why is it so popular? Available at: <https://
www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/in-depth/paleo-diet/art-20111182>. Accessed on: 21 Aug. 2018.
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9o. ano – Volume 312
 1. Discuss these questions in pairs:
a) What are your eating habits related to school?
b) Do you think the way or what you eat affects your school productivity? Why?
c) Which food items do you believe can help your brain work better? 
( ) candy 
( ) fruit 
( ) juice 
( ) soda 
( ) snacks 
( ) coffee 
( ) cereal 
( ) other: 
 
 2. Read the following text and circle what is already part of your diet. Do you feel these food items actually 
make your brain work better? Share with your classmates.
Reading time
Encaminhamento metodológico.12
INCLUDE THESE BRAIN FOODS IN YOUR MENU
Avocados are great for cognitive function, and broccoli helps keep your 
memory sharp. Eggplant enhances communication between the brain cells 
and messenger molecules. And dress your salads with extra virgin olive oil; 
it has loads of brain-strengthening properties. [...]
For snacks, there are plenty of brainpower-boosting options. Walnuts improve 
mental alertness, and almonds are a great energy booster. Dark chocolate 
improves blood flow to the brain. (If you want to reap these benefits, make 
sure to get milk-free chocolate with a high cocoa percentage, like 70 percent.)
File Edit History Tools Help 
Go Linkshttps://www.inc.com/ari-zoldan/6-eating-habits-that-can-boost-your-productivity.html
ZOLDAN, Ari. 6 eating habits that can boost your productivity. Available at: <https://www.inc.com/ari-zoldan/6-eating-habits-that-can-boost-your-
productivity.html>. Accessed on: 21 Aug. 2018.
 3. Here is a list of some brain foods. Use words from the box to label the photos.
avocados beets broccoli celery coconut oil
dark chocolate eggs extra virgin olive oil salmon walnuts
broccoli
dark chocolate
walnuts
beets
avocados
eggs
salmon
celery
extra virgin olive oil
coconut oil
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 Língua Inglesa 13
WHAT IS AN EATING disorder? Available at: <https://keltyeatingdisorders.ca/generalinformation/stories/amys-story/>. Accessed on: 30 Aug. 2018.
Enjoy!
Encaminhamento metodológico.14
Do you know?
What is an Eating Disorder?
Amy’s story
Life with an eating disorder, if you can call 
it life, is similar to a puppet show. You are the 
dancing, smiling puppet, and your disorder is 
the puppeteer. It calls the shots and pulls the 
strings. It tells you when you’re going to eat 
and how much. [...]
It started out so simple; in high school 
with the desire to be thin, and ended up as a 
powerful, inner, self-loathing endless mental 
battle. [...] Anorexia had 100% control of me 
and my life. [...]
One thing I had to remember was that this 
eating disorder required so much of my will 
power and discipline to get into, I KNEW I had 
that same power and strength to get out. [...]
At first, recovery felt like making a path 
through untamed woods. I had to keep going 
over and over the same original path to forge 
a trail and shift my thinking. It has taken years, 
but slowly I’ve been able to reconnect with 
myself and push the eating disorder aside.
Ideas factory Encaminhamento metodológico.13
Based on what you learned so far, get into small groups and plan a realistic healthy eating plan for 
teenagers in your age range. First, decide how many times a day they should eat. Then, think of 
what kind of food they should choose. Finally, create a presentation to explain your choices to your 
classmates. Use images and charts to get your ideas across.
Caso seja interessante, é possível, neste momento, realizar a atividade 7 da seção Challenge yourself, ao final deste capítulo.
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EVANS, Greg. [Luann]. 2009. 
9o. ano – Volume 314
 1. Check the list of some warning signs and symptoms that are common in people with eating disorders. In 
pairs, think of behaviors that can exemplify each one. 
( 1 ) Food rituals
( 3 ) Unhealthy exercise habits
( 2 ) Obsessing over appearance
( 4 ) Dangerous dieting or clean eating
 2. Now, listen to more information about these warning signs, provided by the National Eating Disorders 
Association, and number them according to the order people mention them. 
 3. Listen again and check

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