A subjetividade fora da mente
5 pág.

A subjetividade fora da mente

Disciplina:Pensamento e Inteligencia I17 materiais40 seguidores
Pré-visualização5 páginas
autônoma\u2009ou\u2009não,\u2009primitiva\u2009ou\u2009derivada\u2009de\u2009outros\u2009processos\u2009visto\u2009que\u2009indepen-
dentemente\u2009desse\u2009estatuto\u2009 tal\u2009 suposição\u2009coordenaria\u2009 todas\u2009as\u2009possíveis\u2009 formas\u2009
de\u2009dualismos\u2009ou\u2009determinações\u2009hierarquizantes\u2009 classicamente\u2009vigentes\u2009 entre\u2009o\u2009
domínio\u2009do\u2009corpo\u2009e\u2009o\u2009espaço\u2009mental.\u2009

Devemos\u2009ainda\u2009dizer,\u2009para\u2009ser\u2009mais\u2009claros,\u2009que\u2009a\u2009premissa\u2009fundamental\u2009do\u2009
mentalismo\u2009nos\u2009 propõe\u2009 que\u2009 de\u2009 um\u2009 lado\u2009há\u2009 o\u2009mundo,\u2009 com\u2009a\u2009multiplicidade\u2009 de\u2009
seus\u2009objetos,\u2009fluxos,\u2009materialidades,\u2009acontecimentos\u2009e,\u2009diante\u2009dele,\u2009face\u2009a\u2009ele\u2009(e,\u2009
até\u2009mesmo,\u2009para\u2009ele),\u2009há\u2009o\u2009psiquismo.\u2009Daí,\u2009a\u2009nossa\u2009menção\u2009inicial\u2009às\u2009suas\u2009bases\u2009
fenomenológicas,\u2009 inclusive,\u2009 humanistas\u2009 desse\u2009modelo.\u2009O\u2009psiquismo,\u2009 elevado\u2009 à\u2009
condição\u2009de\u2009mirante\u2009do\u2009mundo,\u2009pode\u2009ou\u2009não\u2009ser\u2009reduzido\u2009inteira\u2009ou\u2009parcialmente\u2009
à\u2009consciência.\u2009Isso\u2009também\u2009pouco\u2009interfere\u2009nas\u2009conseqüências\u2009desse\u2009modelo,\u2009na\u2009
medida\u2009em\u2009que\u2009não\u2009mudaria\u2009o\u2009elemento\u2009princeps.\u2009O\u2009crucial,\u2009para\u2009o\u2009mentalismo,\u2009
é\u2009a\u2009pressuposição\u2009idealista\u2009de\u2009que\u2009o\u2009psíquico\u2009diga\u2009respeito\u2009seja\u2009a\u2009processos\u2009ou\u2009a\u2009
fenômenos\u2009psicológicos,\u2009 seja\u2009 a\u2009 um\u2009 sujeito\u2009ou\u2009 a\u2009uma\u2009 subjetividade,\u2009 seja\u2009 a\u2009 uma\u2009
personalidade\u2009que\u2009estão\u2009todos\u2009eles\u2009diante\u2009do\u2009mundo,\u2009destacados\u2009do\u2009mundo.\u2009Este\u2009
estar\u2009diante\u2009do\u2009mundo\u2009implica\u2009em\u2009uma\u2009separação\u2009entre\u2009esta\u2009dimensão\u2009e\u2009o\u2009próprio\u2009
mundo.\u2009Isto\u2009usualmente\u2009conduz\u2009o\u2009sujeito\u2009(perspicazmente\u2009confundido\u2009com\u2009o\u2009in-
divíduo\u2009e\u2009referenciado\u2009à\u2009sua\u2009dimensão\u2009identitária)\u2009a\u2009se\u2009situar\u2009separado\u2009do\u2009mundo\u2009
ou,\u2009até\u2009mesmo,\u2009a\u2009reconhecer\u2009o\u2009mundo\u2009como\u2009algo\u2009com\u2009o\u2009qual\u2009ele\u2009deve\u2009se\u2009(re)ligar\u2009
(SAIDÓN,\u20092008).\u2009Esta\u2009clivagem\u2009é\u2009a\u2009mola-propulsora\u2009do\u2009mentalismo.\u2009Segundo\u2009
Saidón\u2009(2008,\u2009p.\u200942),\u2009\u201cem\u2009sua\u2009última\u2009entrevista,\u2009Deleuze\u2009dizia\u2009que\u2009o\u2009perigo\u2009do\u2009
pensamento\u2009é\u2009crer\u2009que\u2009o\u2009mundo\u2009é\u2009o\u2009que\u2009nos\u2009falta,\u2009é\u2009pensar\u2009que\u2009o\u2009que\u2009aconteceu\u2009
predominantemente\u2009conosco\u2009é\u2009que\u2009perdemos\u2009o\u2009mundo,\u2009que\u2009nos\u2009separamos\u2009dele\u201d.

356\u2009 \u2009 \u2009 \u2009 \u2009 \u2009 \u2009 \u2009 \u2009 Fractal:\u2009Revista\u2009de\u2009Psicologia,\u2009v.\u200923\u2009\u2013\u2009n.\u20092, p.\u2009353-366,\u2009Maio/Ago.\u20092011

Alexandre Simões; Gesianni Amaral Gonçalves; Batistina Maria de Sousa Corgozinho; Ana Mônica Henrique Lopes

Esses\u2009processos\u2009e\u2009elementos\u2009(fenômenos\u2009psicológicos,\u2009sujeito,\u2009subjetivi-
dade)\u2009são\u2009tidos,\u2009por\u2009conseguinte,\u2009como\u2009instâncias\u2009privilegiadas\u2009porque\u2009portariam\u2009
a\u2009axiomática\u2009prerrogativa\u2009de\u2009ordenar\u2009o\u2009mundo,\u2009 lê-lo,\u2009 compreendê-lo,\u2009 julgá-lo,\u2009
conhecê-lo,\u2009enfim,\u2009para\u2009usar\u2009uma\u2009palavra-guia\u2009dessa\u2009perspectiva:\u2009representá-lo.\u2009
E\u2009o\u2009bom\u2009funcionamento\u2009da\u2009representação\u2009em\u2009muito\u2009interessa\u2009à\u2009razão\u2009instrumental\u2009
e\u2009ao\u2009uso\u2009de\u2009seu\u2009poder,\u2009pois\u2009a\u2009eficácia\u2009da\u2009representação\u2009e\u2009o\u2009jogo\u2009de\u2009sentido\u2009daí\u2009
derivado\u2009 têm\u2009 como\u2009 contrapartida\u2009 o\u2009 estabelecimento\u2009 de\u2009 um\u2009 campo\u2009 límpido\u2009 de\u2009
realidade.\u2009Essa\u2009é\u2009a\u2009famosa\u2009morada\u2009do\u2009sujeito\u2009do\u2009conhecimento,\u2009com\u2009suas\u2009prerro-
gativas\u2009apodícticas,\u2009ou\u2009seja,\u2009necessárias\u2009e\u2009universais,\u2009tão\u2009especiais\u2009à\u2009filosofia\u2009(em\u2009
sua\u2009versão\u2009clássica),\u2009especialmente\u2009aos\u2009saberes,\u2009técnicas\u2009e\u2009ideais\u2009que\u2009se\u2009alinham\u2009
no\u2009eixo\u2009que\u2009vai\u2009de\u2009Descartes\u2009a\u2009Kant\u2009e\u2009que\u2009se\u2009aprimora\u2009no\u2009ambiente\u2009da\u2009Ilustração\u2009
e\u2009da\u2009modernidade\u2009tardia.\u2009

Este\u2009sujeito\u2009ditou\u2009rotas\u2009no\u2009campo\u2009das\u2009humanidades,\u2009mas\u2009 também\u2009no\u2009das\u2009
ciências\u2009de\u2009linhagem\u2009fisicalista,\u2009plasmando-se\u2009na\u2009própria\u2009lógica\u2009da\u2009razão\u2009instru-
mental.\u2009O\u2009sujeito,\u2009assim,\u2009uma\u2009vez\u2009revelado\u2009mostra\u2009a\u2009sua\u2009estrutura:\u2009é\u2009uma\u2009mão\u2009que\u2009
pega,\u2009segura,\u2009reparte,\u2009manuseia\u2009e\u2009golpeia\u2009o\u2009mundo\u2009(o\u2009território\u2009das\u2009corporeidades).\u2009
Aqui,\u2009como\u2009já\u2009notamos,\u2009a\u2009rota\u2009da\u2009produção\u2009é\u2009submetida\u2009ao\u2009encanto\u2009retórico\u2009da\u2009
descoberta,\u2009pois\u2009é\u2009vital,\u2009nesse\u2009quadro,\u2009que\u2009o\u2009sujeito\u2009seja\u2009algo\u2009já-dado\u2009e\u2009perene.

Assim,\u2009de\u2009acordo\u2009com\u2009o\u2009mentalismo,\u2009teríamos\u2009necessariamente\u2009a\u2009naturali-
zação\u2009ou\u2009essencialização\u2009de\u2009um\u2009sujeito,\u2009de\u2009um\u2009homúnculo\u2009embutido\u2009no\u2009homem,\u2009
que\u2009 se\u2009 contraporia\u2009 à\u2009 complexidade\u2009 do\u2009mundo.\u2009Como\u2009 já\u2009 sublinhamos,\u2009 trata-se\u2009
aqui,\u2009certamente,\u2009de\u2009uma\u2009forma\u2009típica\u2009de\u2009estabelecimento\u2009de\u2009fronteiras\u2009e\u2009espa-
ços\u2009dualistas:\u2009o\u2009sujeito\u2009e\u2009o\u2009objeto,\u2009o\u2009direito\u2009e\u2009o\u2009avesso,\u2009a\u2009consciência\u2009e\u2009o\u2009mundo,\u2009
o\u2009centro\u2009e\u2009a\u2009periferia,\u2009o\u2009local\u2009e\u2009o\u2009global,\u2009o\u2009dentro\u2009e\u2009o\u2009fora,\u2009o\u2009transcendente\u2009e\u2009o\u2009
concreto\u2009(SANTOS,\u20091999).\u2009É\u2009possível\u2009constatar,\u2009sem\u2009grandes\u2009dificuldades,\u2009como\u2009
esta\u2009trilha\u2009nos\u2009conduz\u2009a\u2009uma\u2009espécie\u2009de\u2009tirania\u2009do\u2009sujeito.\u2009Segundo\u2009Lins\u2009(2001,\u2009
p.105),\u2009temos\u2009aqui:\u2009

Um\u2009eu,\u2009portanto,\u2009sem\u2009o\u2009outro;\u2009um\u2009eu\u2009contra\u2009o\u2009outro,\u2009um\u2009eu\u2009
alicerçado\u2009num\u2009tempo\u2009psicótico\u2009cujo\u2009axioma\u2009fundamental\u2009é\u2009
a\u2009 anulação,\u2009 por\u2009meio\u2009da\u2009denegação,\u2009 da\u2009 alteridade.\u2009 [...]\u2009De\u2009
fato,\u2009o\u2009eu-déspota,\u2009mediante\u2009a\u2009lógica\u2009da\u2009denegação,\u2009nutrida\u2009
pelo\u2009 imaginário\u2009 enganador\u2009 e\u2009 pela\u2009 ética\u2009 niilista,\u2009 instaura\u2009
uma\u2009 ordem\u2009moral,\u2009 isto\u2009 é,\u2009 um\u2009 assédio\u2009moral,\u2009 um\u2009 niilismo\u2009
ordinário\u2009nefasto\u2009às\u2009subjetividades\u2009autônomas,\u2009à\u2009criatividade\u2009
e\u2009à\u2009própria\u2009vida.

Essa\u2009tirania\u2009do\u2009sujeito\u2009manifesta-se\u2009claramente,\u2009ainda,\u2009na\u2009sua\u2009convicção\u2009al-
taneira\u2009de\u2009ser\u2009o\u2009próprio\u2009cosmo\u2009ou\u2009a\u2009totalidade,\u2009ao\u2009qual\u2009tudo\u2009se\u2009subordinaria.\u2009Esse\u2009
processo\u2009de\u2009individualização\u2009e\u2009de\u2009crença\u2009na\u2009sua\u2009capacidade\u2009racional\u2009coloca-o\u2009na\u2009
situação\u2009de\u2009uma\u2009pretensa\u2009capacidade\u2009de\u2009olhar\u2009para\u2009as\u2009coisas\u2009e\u2009pessoas\u2009como\u2009se\u2009
não\u2009fosse\u2009afetado\u2009por\u2009elas.\u2009A\u2009possibilidade\u2009do\u2009agir\u2009racional\u2009obscurece\u2009no\u2009sujeito\u2009
a\u2009afetividade\u2009que\u2009lhe\u2009é\u2009inerente,\u2009ou\u2009seja,\u2009a\u2009possibilidade\u2009de\u2009ser\u2009afetado\u2009pelo\u2009seu\u2009
entorno\u2009dando-lhe\u2009a\u2009ilusão\u2009de\u2009estar\u2009separado\u2009do\u2009mundo.

A\u2009subjetividade\u2009fora\u2009da\u2009mente

Fractal:\u2009Revista\u2009de\u2009Psicologia,\u2009v.\u200923\u2009\u2013\u2009n.\u20092,\u2009p.\u2009353-366,\u2009Maio/Ago.\u20092011\u2009 \u2009 \u2009 \u2009 \u2009 \u2009 \u2009 \u2009 \u2009 357

o Psíquico interiorizAdo

Por\u2009conta\u2009disso,\u2009somos\u2009levados\u2009a\u2009reconhecer\u2009aí\u2009o\u2009que\u2009nomeamos\u2009de\u2009geo-
metrização\u2009esférica\u2009do\u2009psiquismo,\u2009isto\u2009é,\u2009a\u2009tendência\u2009a\u2009sempre\u2009abordá-lo,\u2009no\u2009que\u2009
diz\u2009respeito\u2009às\u2009suas\u2009propriedades,\u2009tal\u2009qual\u2009uma\u2009esfera.\u2009Por\u2009conseguinte,\u2009a\u2009geome-
trização\u2009esferóide\u2009do\u2009psiquismo\u2009representaria\u2009o\u2009espaço\u2009psíquico\u2009como\u2009aquilo\u2009que\u2009
sempre\u2009apresenta\u2009um\u2009dentro\u2009contraposto\u2009a\u2009um\u2009fora,\u2009um\u2009interno\u2009e\u2009íntimo\u2009separados\u2009
(ou\u2009ameaçados\u2009por?)\u2009de\u2009um\u2009externo\u2009e\u2009estranho.\u2009Estamos\u2009diante\u2009de\u2009uma\u2009legítima\u2009
operação\u2009 de\u2009 estriamento\u2009 (DELEUZE;\u2009GUATTARI,\u2009 1997)\u2009 do\u2009 psíquico.\u2009 Por\u2009 es-
triamento,\u2009queremos\u2009dar\u2009a\u2009entender,\u2009junto\u2009de\u2009Deleuze\u2009&\u2009Guattari\u2009(1997),\u2009aquele\u2009
processo\u2009que\u2009implica\u2009na\u2009delimitação,\u2009segmentação\u2009e\u2009isolamento\u2009de\u2009um\u2009espaço.\u2009No\u2009
espaço\u2009estriado\u2009(diferentemente\u2009do\u2009que\u2009se\u2009passa\u2009no\u2009espaço/processo\u2009liso),\u2009sempre\u2009
nos\u2009deparamos\u2009com\u2009um\u2009direito\u2009e\u2009um\u2009avesso,\u2009enfim\u2009com\u2009o\u2009contorno\u2009de\u2009territórios.

Essa\u2009geometrização\u2009do\u2009psiquismo\u2009é\u2009uma\u2009manifestação\u2009tardia\u2009de\u2009um\u2009pro-
cesso\u2009de\u2009geometrização\u2009ampliada\u2009de\u2009tudo\u2009e\u2009resultado\u2009da\u2009aplicação\u2009das\u2009bases\u2009do\u2009
conhecimento\u2009matemático\u2009a\u2009 todo\u2009conhecimento.\u2009A\u2009geometrização\u2009ou\u2009matema-
tização\u2009oferece\u2009segurança\u2009e\u2009revela-se\u2009como\u2009um\u2009porto\u2009seguro\u2009de\u2009onde\u2009se\u2009vê\u2009e\u2009se\u2009
avista\u2009o\u2009entorno.

Nessa\u2009espacialidade\u2009esférica,\u2009tão\u2009impregnante\u2009ainda\u2009na\u2009formação\u2009de\u2009psi-
cólogos\u2009e\u2009outros\u2009profissionais\u2009psi,\u2009podemos\u2009reconhecer,\u2009por\u2009exemplo,\u2009uma\u2009certa\u2009
(apressada\u2009e\u2009engodante)\u2009apreensão\u2009da\u2009psicanálise,\u2009quando,\u2009reiteradamente,\u2009se\u2009de-
preende\u2009o\u2009inconsciente\u2009como\u2009um\u2009depósito\u2009de\u2009relíquias\u2009mantidas\u2009nas\u2009profundezas\u2009
ou\u2009resguardadas\u2009nos\u2009recônditos\u2009da\u2009mente.\u2009O\u2009mesmo\u2009se\u2009passa\u2009quando\u2009se\u2009considera\u2009
o\u2009espaço\u2009analítico\u2009e\u2009o\u2009ato\u2009do\u2009psicanalista\u2009como\u2009vias\u2009legítimas\u2009para\u2009a\u2009assunção\u2009do\u2009
inconsciente,\u2009para\u2009torná-lo\u2009consciente,\u2009cognoscível,\u2009digerível,\u2009enfim,\u2009destituí-lo\u2009
de\u2009sua\u2009potência\u2009descentralizadora.\u2009Pressupõe-se,\u2009nessa\u2009via,\u2009que\u2009a\u2009verdade\u2009já\u2009este-
ja\u2009dada\u2009desde\u2009o\u2009início\u2009(uma\u2009proto-verdade\u2009que\u2009antecede\u2009ao\u2009sujeito\u2009e\u2009que\u2009faz\u2009des-
te\u2009sua\u2009estrada-real)\u2009e\u2009que,\u2009portanto,\u2009seja\u2009justo\u2009resgatá-la.\u2009As\u2009afecções\u2009psíquicas,\u2009
sejam\u2009elas\u2009brandas\u2009ou\u2009não,\u2009sindrômicas\u2009ou\u2009mono-sintomáticas,\u2009ordenadas\u2009pela\u2009
ansiedade\u2009ou\u2009pelo\u2009delírio,\u2009diluídas\u2009em\u2009meio\u2009à\u2009continuidade\u2009da\u2009vida\u2009na\u2009cidade\u2009ou\u2009
incapacitadoras\u2009e\u2009paralisantes\u2009quanto\u2009ao\u2009ir-e-vir,\u2009de\u2009cunho\u2009neurotizante\u2009ou\u2009psico-
tizante\u2009(não\u2009nos\u2009esquecendo\u2009da\u2009ampla\u2009e\u2009temível\u2009gama\u2009das\u2009sociopatias)\u2009haveriam\u2009
de\u2009ser,\u2009tecnicamente,\u2009reconectadas\u2009(reequilibradas!)\u2009com\u2009a\u2009verdade.\u2009Recorre-se\u2009
às\u2009lembranças\u2009infantis,\u2009aos\u2009insights,\u2009à\u2009mais\u2009meticulosa\u2009anamnese,\u2009à\u2009cena\u2009do\u2009trau-
ma,\u2009ao\u2009excesso\u2009ou\u2009insuficiência\u2009de\u2009afeto,\u2009o\u2009mais\u2009das\u2009vezes,\u2009com\u2009este\u2009propósito\u2009
reconciliador.\u2009Na\u2009perspectiva\u2009de\u2009Lins\u2009(2001,\u2009p.\u2009106):\u2009

O\u2009que\u2009é\u2009verdade\u2009permanece\u2009verdade,\u2009assim\u2009reza\u2009o\u2009princípio\u2009
de\u2009 identidade,\u2009 princípio