A subjetividade fora da mente
14 pág.

A subjetividade fora da mente


DisciplinaPensamento e Inteligencia I22 materiais49 seguidores
Pré-visualização5 páginas
fundamental\u2009 da\u2009 coerência\u2009 e\u2009 do\u2009
pensamento,\u2009axioma\u2009primordial\u2009da\u2009metafísica,\u2009filosofia\u2009que\u2009se\u2009
define\u2009como\u2009busca\u2009de\u2009uma\u2009verdade\u2009permanente,\u2009subsistente.
A\u2009idéia\u2009de\u2009um\u2009psiquismo\u2009profundo,\u2009escondido,\u2009teatral\u2009(sob\u2009o\u2009primado\u2009da\u2009
representação),\u2009merecedor\u2009de\u2009uma\u2009reveladora\u2009interpretação,\u2009de\u2009uma\u2009escavação\u2009ou\u2009
de\u2009uma\u2009captura\u2009pela\u2009introspecção\u2009(e\u2009suas\u2009constantes\u2009reedições)\u2009também\u2009se\u2009atrela\u2009
a\u2009esta\u2009geometrização\u2009esférica\u2009da\u2009vida\u2009e\u2009do\u2009psiquismo.\u2009Ele\u2009cria\u2009a\u2009ilusão\u2009de\u2009que\u2009bas-
358\u2009 \u2009 \u2009 \u2009 \u2009 \u2009 \u2009 \u2009 \u2009 Fractal:\u2009Revista\u2009de\u2009Psicologia,\u2009v.\u200923\u2009\u2013\u2009n.\u20092, p.\u2009353-366,\u2009Maio/Ago.\u20092011
Alexandre Simões; Gesianni Amaral Gonçalves; Batistina Maria de Sousa Corgozinho; Ana Mônica Henrique Lopes
taria\u2009trazer\u2009à\u2009tona\u2009esse\u2009amontoado\u2009de\u2009sensações\u2009e\u2009sentimentos,\u2009guardados\u2009em\u2009uma\u2009
urna\u2009fechada,\u2009habitada\u2009por\u2009uma\u2009espécie\u2009de\u2009ativo\u2009e\u2009ululante\u2009vampiro,\u2009que\u2009acordará\u2009
sob\u2009o\u2009impacto\u2009da\u2009luz\u2009da\u2009razão\u2009que\u2009o\u2009ilumina\u2009e\u2009o\u2009domina\u2009pelo\u2009conhecimento.\u2009Es-
tamos\u2009aqui\u2009em\u2009meio\u2009à\u2009supremacia\u2009do\u2009latente\u2009que\u2009nos\u2009é\u2009exposta\u2009da\u2009seguinte\u2009forma\u2009
por\u2009Deleuze\u2009&\u2009Guattari\u2009(2004,\u2009p.\u200928):
A\u2009 grande\u2009 descoberta\u2009 da\u2009 psicanálise\u2009 foi\u2009 a\u2009 da\u2009 produção\u2009
desejante,\u2009 a\u2009 das\u2009 produções\u2009 do\u2009 inconsciente.\u2009 Mas,\u2009 com\u2009 o\u2009
Édipo,\u2009 essa\u2009 descoberta\u2009 foi\u2009 rapidamente\u2009 ocultada\u2009 por\u2009 um\u2009
novo\u2009 idealismo:\u2009 substituiu-se\u2009 o\u2009 inconsciente\u2009 como\u2009 fábrica\u2009
por\u2009 um\u2009 teatro\u2009 antigo;\u2009 substituíram-se\u2009 as\u2009 unidades\u2009 de\u2009
produção\u2009inconsciente\u2009pela\u2009representação;\u2009substituiu-se\u2009um\u2009
inconsciente\u2009 produtivo\u2009 por\u2009 um\u2009 inconsciente\u2009 expressivo\u2009 (o\u2009
mito,\u2009a\u2009tragédia,\u2009o\u2009sonho\u2009[...]).
Por\u2009 isso,\u2009o\u2009mentalismo,\u2009na\u2009clínica,\u2009é\u2009usualmente\u2009acompanhado\u2009de\u2009atitu-
des\u2009essencialistas\u2009que\u2009lançam,\u2009de\u2009certa\u2009forma,\u2009a\u2009complexidade\u2009e\u2009a\u2009produção\u2009no\u2009
mundo,\u2009naquilo\u2009que\u2009está\u2009adiante\u2009(o\u2009objectum)\u2009e,\u2009por\u2009outro\u2009lado,\u2009artificialmente\u2009
simplificam\u2009 o\u2009 subjectum\u2009 tornando-o\u2009 subjacente,\u2009 reconhecendo-o\u2009 como\u2009 aquilo\u2009
que\u2009sustenta,\u2009suporta,\u2009mede\u2009e\u2009funda\u2009um\u2009dado\u2009campo\u2009de\u2009realidade\u2009(que,\u2009sem\u2009esse\u2009
suporte\u2009ou\u2009fundamento,\u2009correria\u2009o\u2009risco\u2009de\u2009se\u2009deteriorar,\u2009se\u2009esgarçar,\u2009segundo\u2009os\u2009
essencialistas,\u2009esses\u2009platônicos\u2009contemporâneos).\u2009Daí,\u2009sua\u2009tirania,\u2009pois\u2009o\u2009mundo,\u2009
o\u2009outro\u2009são\u2009 todos\u2009como\u2009o\u2009seu\u2009domus.\u2009Essa\u2009separação,\u2009 tão\u2009cara\u2009ao\u2009pensamento\u2009
positivista,\u2009coloca\u2009em\u2009pólos\u2009opostos\u2009o\u2009sujeito\u2009e\u2009o\u2009objeto\u2009do\u2009conhecimento,\u2009pleite-
ando\u2009uma\u2009suposta\u2009neutralidade\u2009científica,\u2009desconhecendo\u2009o\u2009quanto\u2009sujeito/objeto\u2009
estão\u2009interligados\u2009e\u2009se\u2009afetando\u2009mutuamente.\u2009Isso\u2009não\u2009significa,\u2009por\u2009outro\u2009lado,\u2009
esquecer-se\u2009do\u2009necessário\u2009estranhamento\u2009em\u2009relação\u2009ao\u2009que\u2009se\u2009está\u2009conhecendo,\u2009
capaz\u2009de\u2009fazer\u2009emergir\u2009o\u2009olhar\u2009crítico.
Vale\u2009sublinhar\u2009que\u2009hypokeimenon (palavra\u2009à\u2009qual\u2009o\u2009conceito\u2009de\u2009sujeito\u2009
em\u2009sua\u2009face\u2009identitária\u2009está,\u2009inevitavelmente,\u2009vinculado)\u2009é\u2009uma\u2009noção\u2009valiosa\u2009
aos\u2009gregos\u2009no\u2009momento\u2009fundante\u2009da\u2009filosofia\u2009ocidental\u2009e\u2009em\u2009sua\u2009subseqüente\u2009
operação\u2009platônica,\u2009que\u2009vem\u2009promover\u2009o\u2009distanciamento\u2009do\u2009logos em\u2009relação\u2009
às\u2009artes\u2009e\u2009à\u2009vida\u2009comum\u2009(e,\u2009muitas\u2009vezes,\u2009à\u2009vida-em-comum).\u2009Hypokeimenon 
significa,\u2009ao\u2009mesmo\u2009tempo,\u2009fundamento\u2009e\u2009sujeito.\u2009Uma\u2009boa\u2009parte\u2009das\u2009psicolo-
gias,\u2009da\u2009psiquiatria\u2009e\u2009da\u2009psicanálise\u2009continua\u2009seqüestrada\u2009por\u2009esta\u2009 tecnologia\u2009
clínica.\u2009Muito\u2009do\u2009que\u2009hoje\u2009se\u2009entende\u2009por\u2009terapia\u2009ou\u2009tratamento\u2009gira\u2009em\u2009torno\u2009
desse\u2009eixo:\u2009a\u2009suposição\u2009de\u2009uma\u2009existência\u2009prévia\u2009que\u2009lê,\u2009organiza,\u2009modifica\u2009o\u2009
mundo.\u2009Quantas\u2009vezes\u2009a\u2009própria\u2009idéia\u2009de\u2009interpretação\u2009não\u2009conduz\u2009os\u2009mais\u2009di-
versos\u2009profissionais\u2009do\u2009campo\u2009da\u2009saúde\u2009mental\u2009a\u2009uma\u2009operação\u2009em\u2009que\u2009o\u2009crucial\u2009
é\u2009a\u2009tomada\u2009de\u2009posse\u2009de\u2009uma\u2009parte\u2009da\u2009história\u2009do\u2009sujeito\u2009que\u2009lhe\u2009falta?\u2009Eis\u2009aqui\u2009
uma\u2009concepção\u2009bastante\u2009colonizadora\u2009da\u2009interpretação:\u2009a\u2009expectativa\u2009de\u2009que\u2009o\u2009
sentido\u2009seja\u2009o\u2009preenchedor\u2009que\u2009falta\u2009ao\u2009domínio\u2009de\u2009si\u2009ou\u2009do\u2009outro\u2009adequando,\u2009
assim,\u2009os\u2009meios\u2009e\u2009os\u2009fins\u2009de\u2009forma\u2009instrumental.
A\u2009subjetividade\u2009fora\u2009da\u2009mente
Fractal:\u2009Revista\u2009de\u2009Psicologia,\u2009v.\u200923\u2009\u2013\u2009n.\u20092,\u2009p.\u2009353-366,\u2009Maio/Ago.\u20092011\u2009 \u2009 \u2009 \u2009 \u2009 \u2009 \u2009 \u2009 \u2009 359
o sujeito, o indivíduo e o Aço
O\u2009paroxismo\u2009da\u2009 atitude\u2009mentalista\u2009 (seja\u2009 do\u2009 paciente,\u2009 do\u2009 profissional\u2009 da\u2009
saúde\u2009ou\u2009da\u2009 instituição\u2009na\u2009qual\u2009eles\u2009se\u2009encontram)\u2009é\u2009muito\u2009bem\u2009discernido\u2009no\u2009
solipsismo,\u2009na\u2009proporção\u2009em\u2009que\u2009este\u2009promulga\u2009um\u2009enunciado\u2009dessa\u2009ordem:\u2009\u201co\u2009
mundo\u2009 é\u2009 rigorosamente\u2009meu\u2009mundo,\u2009 naquilo\u2009 que\u2009 ele\u2009 tem\u2009de\u2009 privado,\u2009 interior\u2009
e\u2009 idiossincrásico!\u201d.\u2009Trata-se\u2009aqui\u2009da\u2009fina\u2009aliança\u2009do\u2009mentalismo\u2009com\u2009o\u2009 indivi-
dualismo,\u2009no\u2009que\u2009esse\u2009tem\u2009de\u2009mais\u2009corrosivo\u2009e\u2009disciplinador,\u2009proporcionando\u2009a\u2009
expectativa\u2009de\u2009um\u2009aparelho\u2009mental\u2009demarcado\u2009pelo\u2009pathos da\u2009distância:\u2009distância\u2009
do\u2009mundo,\u2009do\u2009outro,\u2009da\u2009diferença.\u2009Vale\u2009sublinhar\u2009que\u2009esse\u2009modo\u2009de\u2009apresentar\u2009o\u2009
sujeito\u2009e\u2009o\u2009espaço\u2009psíquico\u2009pode\u2009ser\u2009tomado\u2009como\u2009um\u2009ângulo\u2009bem\u2009específico\u2009da-
quilo\u2009que\u2009poderia\u2009ser\u2009nomeado\u2009como\u2009\u201csubjetividade\u2009capitalística\u201d\u2009(GUATTARI,\u2009
1993,\u2009p.\u2009184).\u2009Essa\u2009atitude\u2009solitária\u2009e\u2009ensimesmada\u2009não\u2009se\u2009reconhece\u2009enquanto\u2009
afetividade,\u2009ou\u2009seja,\u2009como\u2009capaz\u2009de\u2009ser\u2009afetado\u2009pelo\u2009que\u2009lhe\u2009rodeia,\u2009produzindo,\u2009
em\u2009decorrência,\u2009um\u2009conhecimento\u2009superficial\u2009que\u2009se\u2009crê\u2009suficiente.
Esse\u2009modus operandi\u2009da\u2009subjetividade\u2009vai\u2009ganhando\u2009contornos\u2009mais\u2009de-
finidos\u2009e,\u2009ao\u2009mesmo\u2009tempo,\u2009se\u2009insinuando\u2009amplamente\u2009em\u2009todos\u2009os\u2009espaços\u2009da\u2009
vida\u2009social\u2009(seja\u2009ela\u2009privada\u2009ou\u2009pública)\u2009a\u2009partir\u2009do\u2009século\u2009XVIII.\u2009Vemos\u2009ali\u2009um\u2009
desequilíbrio\u2009que,\u2009ainda\u2009hoje,\u2009impõe\u2009amplas\u2009conseqüências\u2009em\u2009nossas\u2009vidas\u2009e\u2009em\u2009
nossas\u2009relações\u2009com\u2009o\u2009humano,\u2009o\u2009não-humano\u2009e,\u2009certamente,\u2009o\u2009pós-humano:\u2009o\u2009
desequilíbrio\u2009das\u2009relações\u2009estabelecidas\u2009entre\u2009os\u2009homens\u2009e\u2009as\u2009máquinas.\u2009Espaços\u2009
e\u2009territorialidades\u2009até\u2009então\u2009aparentemente\u2009blindados\u2009aos\u2009mecanismos\u2009e\u2009máquinas\u2009
serão,\u2009doravante,\u2009impactados\u2009pelos\u2009mesmos,\u2009de\u2009forma\u2009inexorável.\u2009Por\u2009exemplo,\u2009
as\u2009corporeidades\u2009física\u2009e\u2009social,\u2009a\u2009anatomia\u2009e\u2009as\u2009cidades,\u2009os\u2009membros\u2009e\u2009os\u2009órgãos\u2009
de\u2009um\u2009corpo\u2009e\u2009os\u2009da\u2009política\u2009estarão\u2009subsumidos\u2009e\u2009atravessados\u2009pelo\u2009capital,\u2009suas\u2009
maquinações\u2009e\u2009máquinas\u2009invertendo\u2009o\u2009seu\u2009campo\u2009de\u2009significação,\u2009tal\u2009como\u2009nos\u2009é\u2009
proposto\u2009por\u2009Guattari\u2009(1993,\u2009p.\u2009185):
Antes\u2009era\u2009o\u2009Déspota\u2009real\u2009ou\u2009o\u2009Deus\u2009 imaginário\u2009que\u2009serviam\u2009
de\u2009 pedra\u2009 angular\u2009 operacional\u2009 para\u2009 a\u2009 recomposição\u2009 local\u2009
de\u2009 Territórios\u2009 existenciais.\u2009 Agora\u2009 será\u2009 uma\u2009 capitalização\u2009
simbólica\u2009de\u2009valores\u2009abstratos\u2009de\u2009poder,\u2009incidindo\u2009sobre\u2009saberes\u2009
econômicos\u2009e\u2009tecnológicos\u2009[...].\u2009A\u2009nova\u2009\u2018paixão\u2009capitalística\u2019\u2009
varrerá\u2009 tudo\u2009 o\u2009 que\u2009 encontrar\u2009 pelo\u2009 caminho:\u2009 em\u2009 especial\u2009
as\u2009 culturas\u2009 e\u2009 as\u2009 territorialidades\u2009 que,\u2009 bem\u2009 ou\u2009 mal,\u2009 haviam\u2009
conseguido\u2009escapar\u2009aos\u2009rolos\u2009compressores\u2009do\u2009cristianismo.
É\u2009 em\u2009meio\u2009 a\u2009 essa\u2009 operação\u2009 que\u2009 surgirá,\u2009 de\u2009 uma\u2009 forma\u2009 alastrada,\u2009 como\u2009
até\u2009então\u2009não\u2009ocorria,\u2009o\u2009mecanismo\u2009que\u2009mais\u2009solidamente\u2009divide\u2009os\u2009espaços,\u2009as\u2009
moradas,\u2009a\u2009vida\u2009e\u2009o\u2009sujeito\u2009em\u2009um\u2009dentro\u2009e\u2009um\u2009fora,\u2009um\u2009interno e um externo:\u2009o\u2009
império\u2009do\u2009aço\u2009(e\u2009a\u2009conjunção,\u2009aí\u2009fixada,\u2009entre\u2009identidade,\u2009indivíduo\u2009e\u2009corpo):\u2009
O\u2009primado\u2009do\u2009aço\u2009e\u2009das\u2009máquinas\u2009a\u2009vapor\u2009que\u2009multiplicará\u2009a\u2009
potência\u2009de\u2009penetração\u2009dos\u2009vetores\u2009maquínicos\u2009tanto\u2009na\u2009terra,\u2009
no\u2009mar\u2009e\u2009no\u2009ar,\u2009quanto\u2009no\u2009conjunto\u2009dos\u2009espaços\u2009tecnológicos,\u2009
econômicos\u2009e\u2009urbanísticos.\u2009(GUATTARI,\u20091993,\u2009p.\u2009185).
360\u2009 \u2009 \u2009 \u2009 \u2009 \u2009 \u2009 \u2009 \u2009 Fractal:\u2009Revista\u2009de\u2009Psicologia,\u2009v.\u200923\u2009\u2013\u2009n.\u20092, p.\u2009353-366,\u2009Maio/Ago.\u20092011
Alexandre Simões; Gesianni Amaral Gonçalves; Batistina Maria de Sousa Corgozinho; Ana Mônica Henrique Lopes
Vale\u2009notar\u2009o\u2009que\u2009está\u2009subentendido\u2009nesta\u2009argumentação:\u2009o\u2009sujeito,\u2009antes\u2009de\u2009
ser\u2009um\u2009elemento\u2009desde\u2009já\u2009dado,\u2009situado\u2009face\u2009ao\u2009mundo,\u2009é\u2009uma\u2009dimensão\u2009que\u2009não\u2009
se\u2009furta\u2009ao\u2009domínio\u2009da\u2009produção.\u2009Em\u2009outros\u2009termos,\u2009a\u2009demarcação\u2009de\u2009um\u2009espaço\u2009
psíquico\u2009 interiorizado,\u2009 supostamente\u2009 perene\u2009 e\u2009 segmentado\u2009 do\u2009mundo\u2009 já\u2009 é\u2009 um\u2009
modo\u2009muito\u2009particular\u2009de\u2009se\u2009produzir\u2009o\u2009sujeito\u2009no\u2009esteio\u2009da\u2009razão\u2009instrumental;\u2009
é\u2009desde\u2009aí\u2009que\u2009esta\u2009subjetividade\u2009conhece\u2009e\u2009reconhece\u2009o\u2009mundo\u2009e\u2009se\u2009apropria\u2009do\u2009
mesmo\u2009em\u2009função\u2009de\u2009seus\u2009desígnios\u2009em\u2009busca\u2009da\u2009eficiência.
O\u2009desequilíbrio\u2009nas\u2009relações\u2009processadas\u2009entre\u2009os\u2009homens\u2009e\u2009as\u2009máquinas\u2009
conduzirá\u2009os\u2009primeiros,\u2009nesse\u2009ambiente,\u2009a\u2009uma\u2009posição\u2009adjacente\u2009e\u2009de\u2009propensão\u2009
parasitária\u2009quanto\u2009às\u2009segundas.\u2009Desta\u2009feita,\u2009segundo\u2009Guattari\u2009(1993,\u2009p.\u2009186):
Portanto,\u2009 sejam\u2009quais\u2009 forem\u2009as\u2009 aparências\u2009de\u2009 liberdade\u2009de\u2009
pensamento\u2009 com\u2009 a\u2009 qual\u2009 o\u2009 novo\u2009 monoteísmo\u2009 capitalístico\u2009
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