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pite attempts to normalize public employment in some 
countries, civil servants still enjoy a unique statute. We 
also observed this during the fiscal crisis, where outright 
firing permanent civil servants or cutting salaries has 
been relatively rare.
For civil servants, referring issues upwards in the hie-
rarchy is still the dominant response in situations when 
responsibilities or interests conflict with that of other 
organisations. European top civil servants consider the 
impartial implementation of laws and rules as one of 
their dominant roles, and largely prefer state provision of 
services over market provision, with the exception of the 
British, Danish, and Dutch.
There are clear country differences, with management 
‘champions’ such as the UK, Estonia, Norway and the 
Netherlands, and more legalistic and traditional public 
administrations such as in Austria, France, Germany, 
Hungary and Spain. The adoption of newer reform ideas 
suggest that the Weberian state may now be in decline. 
Yet some of the other findings of the survey, reported 
above, show that Weberianism’s main ideas are still dee-
ply embedded in European countries.
 (Source: https://statecrafting.net/in-europe-weber-still-
-rulesa851866dbf02. Retrieved on January 21st, 2018)
The word “Despite” in the sentence “Despite attempts to 
normalize public employment in some countries” indica-
a) illustrative.
b) unexpected.
c) irrelevant.
d) universal.
e) private.
4. (Prefeitura de Niterói - RJ - Analista de Políticas 
Públicas e Gestão Governamental –Superior - FGV – 
Texto associado conforme anterior
Mark the statements below as true (T) or false (F) accor-
ding to Text I.
( ) Internal steering by contract and performance related 
pay are two main ideas that come from Weber.
( ) Weberian ideals now belong to the past and are only 
used for historical interest.
( ) Employment flexibility is one of the tenets of the New 
Public Management.
The correct sequence is:
a) F – F – T.
b) T – T – F.
c) F – T – T.
d) F – T – F.
e) T – F – F.
5. (Prefeitura de Maricá - RJ - Docente I - Língua Es-
trangeira - Inglês–Superior - COSEAC – 2018)
TEXT 1 below, retrieved and adapted from https://chro-
niclingamerica. loc.gov/lccn/sn83035487/1851-06-21/
ed-1/seq-4/ on July 9th, 2018.
Text 1 
 Women’s rights convention – Sojourner Truth
 One of the most unique and interesting speeches of 
the convention was made by Sojourner Truth, an eman-
cipated slave. It is impossible to transfer it to paper or 
convey any adequate idea of the effect it produced upon 
the audience. Those only can appreciate it who saw her 
powerful form, her whole-souled, earnest gesture, and 
listened to her strong and truthful tones. She came for-
ward to the platform and addressing the President said 
with great simplicity:
 “May I say a few words?” Receiving an affirmative 
answer, she proceeded: I want to say a few words about 
this matter. I am a woman’s rights. I have as much muscle 
as any man and can do as much work as any man. I have 
plowed and reaped and husked and chopped and mo-
wed, and can any man do more than that? I have heard 
much about the sexes being equal. I can carry as much 
as any man, and can eat as much too, if I can get it. I am 
as strong as any man that is now. As for intellect, all I can 
say is, if a woman has a pint, and a man a quart -- why 
can’t she have her little pint full? You need not be afraid 
to give us our rights for fear we will take too much; -- 
for we can’t take more than our pint will hold. The poor 
men seem to be all in confusion, and don’t know what 
to do. Why children, if you have woman’s rights, give it 
to her and you will feel better. You will have your own 
rights, and they won’t be so much trouble. I can’t read, 
but I can hear. I have heard the bible and have learned 
that Eve caused man to sin. Well, if a woman upset the 
world, do give her a chance to set it right side up again. 
The Lady has spoken about Jesus, how he never spurned 
woman from him, and she was right. When Lazarus died, 
Mary and Martha came to him with faith and love and 
besought him to raise their brother. And Jesus wept and 
Lazarus came forth. And how came Jesus into the world? 
Through God who created him and the woman who bore 
him. Man, where was your part? But the women are co-
ming up blessed be God and a few of the men are co-
ming up with them. But man is in a tight place, the poor 
slave is on him, woman is coming on him, he is surely 
between a hawk and a buzzard.
Reference: Robinson, M. (1851, June 21). Women’s rights 
convention: Sojourner Truth. Anti-slavery Bugle, vol. 6 no. 
41, Page 160.
Question must be answered by looking at the following 
sentence from Text 1:
“One of the most unique and interesting speeches of the 
convention was made by Sojourner Truth, an emancipa-
ted slave.”
Without any other change added to the sentence, the 
clause “an emancipated slave” could be preceded by: 
a) which is.
b) that is.
c) whose is.
d) whom is.
e) who is.
6. (FUNDEP (Gestão de Concursos) - Analista de Co-
municação –Superior - FUNDEP (Gestão de Concur-
sos) – 2018)
Texto associado
The correct relative pronoun to complete the blanks in 
the sentence: people with higher incomes (_____ bought 
more things and traveled more) had much higher carbon 
footprints than people ______ lived more modestly is:
a) which.
b) when.
c) who.
d) whose.
7. (SEDUC-CE - Professor - Língua Inglesa –Superior - 
SEDUC-CE – 2016)
Text I
 “Let’s go, Open your eyes, Open your mind to her 
dream. Let’s go, fight for what’s right, fight for her life.”
Carl & the Reda Mafia, a young, dynamic, award-win-
ning Dubai band, wrote the song “Fight for Your Queen” 
as a direct call to men to fight for gender equality. 
As they told UN Women: “HeForShe is a movement 
we have looked up to since its inception. The idea of 
____________’s rights is something we truly believe in and 
support.” Lead singer Carl Frenais, who is from India, 
introduced the campaign to the band. He has been very 
passionate about fighting against the horrifyingly vio-
lent crimes against women in his home country.
We got over 500 men to pledge to support the move-
ment. Even those who were afraid told us they support 
Adaptation from: http://www.heforshe.org/en/news-
room/safety/rock-voices-for-change. Access on: April 4, 
2016. The verbs containing in the first part of the text are 
in the ________________, a very common verb tense/mood 
in the language of campaings, meaning ________________.
a) present - fact.
b) imperative - order.
c) imperative - request.
d) modal verb - possibility.
e) present - generalization.
8. (Prefeitura de Fortaleza - CE - Analista de Políticas 
Públicas e Gestão Governamental –Superior - Prefei-
tura de Fortaleza - CE – 2018)
Texto associado
An example of a verb used in the present progressive 
tense is:
a) bringing (line 2).
b) existing (line 3).
c) providing (line 5).
d) understanding (line 8).
9. (IBGE - Analista - Processos Administrativos e Dis-
ciplinares –Superior - FGV - 2016)
The backlash against big data
Big data refers to the idea that society can do things with 
a large body of data that weren’t possible when working 
with smaller amounts. The term was originally applied a 
decade ago to massive datasets from astrophysics, geno-
mics and internet search engines, and to machine-lear-
ning systems (for voice-recognition and translation, for 
example) that work well only when given lots of data to 
chew on. Now it refers to the application of data-analysis 
and statistics in new areas, from retailing to human re-
sources. The backlash began in mid-March, prompted by 
an article in Science by David Lazer and others at Harvard 
and Northeastern University. It showed that a big-data 
poster-child—Google Flu Trends, a 2009 project which 
identified flu outbreaks from search

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