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LÍNGUA INLESA ESTRUTURA SINTÁTICA II

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LÍNGUA INLESA ESTRUTURA SINTÁTICA II
AULA 01
		1 - Choose the correct alternitve in relation to the prepositions below: I couldn't get in ______ the door so I had to climb ______ a window.
	
	
	
	between / into
	
	
	out of / between
	
	
	through / in
	
	
	out of / into
	
	
	up / along
	Explicação:
FIXED PREPOSITION:
I couldn't get in ______ (THROUGH) the door so I had to climb ______ (IN)  a window.
	 	
		
	
		2.
		Choose the alternative that correctly fills in the blanks below: I took the old card ______ the computer and put ______ the new one.
	
	
	
	through / in
	
	
	out of / between
	
	
	out of / in
	
	
	up / along
	
	
	out of / into
	Explicação:
I took the old card ______ (OUT OF - TIRAR DE) the computer and put ______ (IN - EM) the new one.
	
	
	
	
		
	
		3.
		Choose the alternative that correctly fits the following situation: Look, that car's ______ fire.
	
	
	
	into
	
	
	with
	
	
	on
	
	
	in
	
	
	through
	Explicação:
Expressão fixa:
on fire: pegando fogo.
	
		4.
		Choose the alternative that correctly fills in the blanks: To get to the Marketing department, you have to go ______ those stairs and then ______ the corridor to the end.
	
	
	
	out of / into
	
	
	between / into
	
	
	out of / between
	
	
	over / into
	
	
	up / along
	Explicação:
To get to the Marketing department, you have to go ______ (UP - SUBIR) those stairs and then ______ (ALONG - AO LONGO DE) the corridor to the end.
	
	
	
	 
		
	
		5.
		Choose the correct alternative to complete the spaces: Harry comes to work ______ car but I prefer to come ______ foot.
	
	
	
	at / into
	
	
	beside / next to
	
	
	by / on
	
	
	in / next to
	
	
	at / in
	Explicação:
Expressões fixas:
by car - de carro
on foot - a pé
	
		6.
		Which is the correct preposition? I saw something about it ______ television.
	
	
	
	at
	
	
	through
	
	
	in
	
	
	with
	
	
	on
	Explicação:
FIXED PREPOSITION: ON TELEVISION.
	
	
	
	 
		
	
		7.
		In which alternative the preposition is incorrectly classified according to its complement?
	
	
	
	She handed the money to me (to - Complement of a verb frase -  indirect object)
	
	
	He had a thirst for revenge never seen before. (for - Complement of an adjective frase -  noun complement) COMPLEMENT OF A NOUN PHRASE - ADJECTIVE.
	
	
	He is attentive to her needs (to - Complement of an adjective frase -  noun complemente)
	
	
	Come out from under the bed (from - Adjunct of a verb phrase - adverb.)
	
	
	It was on the table (on - Adjunct of a verb phrase - adverb.)
	
Explicação:
He had a thirst for revenge never seen before. (for - Complement of an adjective frase -  noun complement)
	
		8.
		Choose the alternative that correctly fills in the blanks: It's unlucky to walk ______ a ladder in my culture. I always walk ______ them.
	
	
	
	through / in
	
	
	under / around
	
	
	out of / in
	
	
	out of / into
	
	
	up / along
	Explicação:
It's unlucky to walk ______ (UNDER - SOB) a ladder in my culture. I always walk ______ (AROUND - AO REDOR) them.
AULA 02
		1 - Which sentence is incorrect?
	
	
	
	Can you go to the store before we run out of milk.
	
	
	Why don't you switch the music over while you wait?
	
	
	We will have to wait the bus for at the corner.
	
	
	I have to put the baby down while I sweep the floor.
	
	
	Melissa is going to look after the children.
	
Explicação:
We will have to wait the bus for at the corner. = WE WILL HAVE TO WAIT FOR THE BUS AT THE CORNER  = THE PHRASAL VERB IS INSEPARABLE.
	
		2.
		In which alternative the phrasal verb is INSEPARABLE?
	
	
	
	She looked up the word in her dictionary.
	
	
	I picked up the book.
	
	
	He paid back the debt.
	
	
	He turned down my offer
	
	
	They splashed out on new office furniture.
	
Explicação:
INSEPARABLE PHRASAL VERBS always remain together. It makes no difference if a noun or pronoun is used.
· He scraped by on only $800 a month for two years. NOT He scraped it by for two years.
· They splashed out on new office furniture. NOT They splashed it out.
 
NOTE: 
a) All phrasal verbs containing more than one particle are inseparable.
· I've put up with the situation for more than two years.
 
b) Separable or inseparable phrasal verbs? Some dictionaries tell you when phrasal verbs are separable. If a dictionary writes "look (something) up", you know that the phrasal verb "look up" is separable, and you can say "look something up" and "look up something". It's a good idea to write "something/somebody" as appropriate in your vocabulary book when you learn a new phrasal verb, like this:
· get up
· break down
· put something/somebody off
· turn sthg/sby down
This tells you whether the verb needs a direct object (and where to put it).
 
TIP:  If you are not sure whether a phrasal verb is separable or inseparable, ALWAYS use a noun or nouns phrase and DO NOT separate. In this manner, you will always be correct!
	
	
		3.
		In which alternative the phrasal verb has the following structure: Verb + particle (adverb) + preposition?
	
	
	
	You should think it over.
	
	
	Who can put up with that?
	
	
	They pick on Joseph.
	
	
	Who is looking after the kids?
	
	
	They brought that up twice
	
Explicação:
Verb + particle (adverb) + preposition (particle-prepositional phrasal verbs)
a. Who can put up with that? ¿ up is a particle and with is a preposition.
b. She is looking forward to a rest. ¿ forward is a particle and to is a preposition.
c. The other tanks were bearing down on my panther. ¿ down is a particle and on is a preposition
	
		4.
		In which alternative the phrasal verb is intransitive?
	
	
	
	e) The couple decided to break up after their argument.
	
	
	b) He blew out the match after lighting the stove.
	
	
	a) She sat in for me during my absence.
	
	
	c) The war plane fired a missile that blew up the bridge
	
	
	d) The U.S. broke off relations with Cuba in the 1960's.
	
Explicação:
Some phrasal verbs are INTRANSITIVE . (An intransitive verb does not have an object.)
· My car broke down.
· The thieves got away.
· The bus broke down on the way to work.
· She got up early.
· I bore up.
· Tell her to bear up! (to encourage from misfortune).
· When I entered the room he looked up.
· The children are growing up.
· We set off for the beach.
· He fell off the ladder.
 
Some phrasal verbs are TRANSITIVE. (A transitive verb always has an object.)
· I made up an excuse. ('Excuse' is the object of the verb.)
· She takes after her mother (`her mother¿ is the object of the verb)
I know I can count on you (`you¿ is the object of the verb)
 
	
		5.
		Complete: "At Ronnie's party everyone talked about Jon's strange ______. He wore a tank top with a tie, and shorts with holes in the shape of hearts in them."
	
	
	
	get on with
	
	
	get out
	
	
	getup
	
	
	get over
	
	
	get up
	
Explicação:
a. get over = SUPERAR
b. get up = LEVANTAR
c. get on with = DAR-SE COM
d. getup = noun Informal - An outfit or costume.
e. get out = SAIR
	
		6.
		Complete the sentence with the correct phrasal verb:   "There's a police car following us. I think you should slow down or he'll make us ___________."
	
	
	
	pull up
	
	
	sweater
	
	
	pullover
	
	
	pull over
	
	
	pull aside
	Explicação:
b) pull over = ENCOSTAR O CARRO
c) pullover = SUÉTER
d) pull up = PULAR
e) pull aside = LEVAR ALGUÉM PARA O LADO.
	
		7.
		Which alternative presents a separable phrasal verb?
	
	
	
	My car broke down
	
	
	He scraped by on only $800 a month for two years.
	
	
	They splashed out on new office furniture.
	
	
	We set off for the beach
	
	
	He paid back the debt.
	
Explicação:
SEPARABLE PHRASAL verbs can remain together or not when using an object that is a noun or noun phrase. The object can come before or after the particle.
· He paid back the debt. OR He paid the debt back.
· She looked up the word in her dictionary. OR She looked the word