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Disciplina:Prática Oral em Língua Inglesa II284 materiais753 seguidores
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Introducing the first point
Let's start/begin with ...
Showing graphics,
transparencies, slides etc.
If you look at this first graph
a good illustration of…/ a good
example of…/ a key factor
If you look at this slide…/ T his clearly
shows …
If you look at this, you will see…
This chart illustrates the figures…
From this, we can understand how / why
Moving on to the next point
Now let's m ove on to ...
I'd now like to move on to…/ I'd like to turn
Now I'd like to look at…
This leads me to my next point…
Giving more details
I'd like to expand on this
Let me elaborate on that
Would you like me to expand
on/elaborate on that
Changing to a different topic
I'd like to turn to something
completely different Turning now to….
Referring to something w hich is
off the topic
I'd like to digress (divagar,
digressionar) here for a moment and
just mention that ...
As I said at the beginning…
As you remember, we are concerned
This ties in (articular-se) with my
original statement/This relates
directly to the question I put to you
Referring back to an earlier
Let me go back to what I said earlier
about ...
Anal ysing a point and giving
Where does that lead us?
Let's consider this in more detail...
Translated into real terms...
Why is this important?/The
significance of this is...
Giving examples
For example,... /A good example of
this is...
As an illustration,... /To give you an
Paraphrasing and clarifying
Simply put.../In other words.......
So what I’m saying is..../To put it
more simply....
To put it another way....
EXAMPLE 2: A good e xample of how important internal communications are is
shown by some findings from research that we have recently undertaken. Good
communications is a very key factor in staff motivation. If you look at t his slide,
you will see how important it is to get the basics in place. You need to identif y
your communication requirement, agree your objectives and success criteria,
identify your target audiences, define the content of your message and determine
the style of delivery. A good illustration of the communication process is
when all those basics fall into place naturally.”
Read the f ollowing part of a business presentation. Focus on the words/phrases
in BOLD and think about their meaning and purpose.
Now, let's move on t o the second part of th e presentation, the causes of the
increase in relative staff costs. Earlier I mentioned that relative st aff costs have
increased by o ver 10% for the top 100 UK companies over the last 5 years. And
how this has and will damage the competitiveness of compani es. So, the
question is why? Are staff lazier than bef ore? O r are companies failing to
understand both how their staff t hink and which management techniques are out -
dated in the modern changing world? Although the first f actor, does have an
impact, I w ould argue that the second is by far (de longe) the most important
factor, which in fact contributes to the first. Allow me to explain.
Although this may sound surprising to you, People are inherently lazy. It is
undeniably true that people would prefer to do less and earn more. Numerous
studies have been carried out in the work environment which clearly demonstrate
this. And this is something which we must take into consideration when
considering the true cause of the relative increase in staff costs.
We find ourselves in an ever more rapidly changing world. There can be no
question that information t echnology t oday dominates most of our working lives.
Whereas (Enquanto) 30 years ago, the majority of the tasks in the off ice had to
be carried out manually, by hand, t oday everybody has a powerful computer,
which can carry out co mplicated and multiple tasks. Tasks, which in t he past
would require a team of people working on for days, can now be done by one
member of staff in minutes. But while most companies have embraced these
advances in Information Technology, t hey are still using management techniques
and processes which were designed 30 or more years ago. It would seem
obvious that these advances in technology save us money. But do they really?
I would like to show you a chart, which shows the amount of physical
communication between managers and staff, actually talk ing face to f ace, for a
well-known American company. As you can see the average number of hours of
physical communication per week fell from 15 in 1995 to 8 in 2007.
Furthermore ( Além do mais), physical communication between staff fell at a
similar r ate. And the only answer f or t his trend can be because of the increasing
use of technology. This lack of physical communication leads to a sense of
isolation on t he part of the staff, not only f rom t heir managers b ut also from their
colleagues impacts their motivation and more importantly, their commitment.
Let us go back to what I said earlier about people being inherently lazy. If people
are happy to do nothing and at the same time, they don't feel important or
needed in a company, what will they do? W hat would you do?
And this combined with less direct physical communication with their manager,
gives them greater opportunity to do the minimum and waste the rest of their time
chatting on Facebook. I w ould just like to point out that I'm not recommending
returning to a time where we didn't use IT in the work place.
1. A phrase that states t hat the f ollowing statement is a fact, is
2. A different way of saying 'in addition', is _______________________.
3. A phrase that tries to highlight to the audience an opinion, point, detail etc.., is
4. A phrase that informs the audience that you're s tarting on a new part of t he
presentation, is
5. A different way of saying 'by a great amount', is _______________________.
6. A different and more professional way of saying 'told you', is
7. A phrase that states that the following statement is a fact, t hat contains the world
'no', is
8. A phrase that says that you have to t ake into account something when making a
decision, is
9. A phrase that expresses the opinion of the speaker of the presentation, is
10. A word that makes a comparison between two diff erent parts of a sentence, is
Furthermore I would argue that I would just like to point out is by far it is
undeniably true that mentioned now, let's move on to there can be no question
we must take into consideration
KEY: I t is undeniably true that f urthermore - I would just like to point out - now, let's
move on to - is by f ar mentioned - there can be no question - we must t ake into
consideration - I would argue that whereas